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Treasury paper

The distribution of advantage in Aotearoa New Zealand: Exploring the evidence

Issue date: 
Monday, 12 December 2022
Version note: 

This Treasury Paper is background for Te Tai Waiora: Wellbeing in Aotearoa New Zealand 2022.

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Document Date: 
Monday, 12 Dec 2022
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This paper is an overview of the evidence of distribution, inequality and mobility in New Zealand, including the characteristics and clustering of multiple disadvantage.


This paper draws in part on earlier unpublished work by Treasury colleagues John Janssen, Naomi Bennett, Ben Ching and Shane Domican. Thanks to each, and also to the many other helpful reviewers and suppliers of data, especially Bryan Perry, Simon Brown, Bill Cochrane, Geoff Bertram, Kirdan Lees, David Scott, Corey Allan, Meghan Stephens, Yvonne Wang, Luke Symes, Benjamin Stubbings and Hamed Shafiee.

Last updated: 
Monday, 12 December 2022