Research and commentary (by JEL classification)

Working Papers, Policy Perspectives Papers and Treasury Papers listed by JEL (Journal of Economic Literature) classification number.

B23 - History of Economic Thought: Quantitative and Mathematical

C10 - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General

C13 - Estimation: General

C15 - Statistical Simulation Methods: General

C19 - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Other

C20 - Single Equation Models; Single Variables: General

C21 - Single Equation Models; Single Variables: Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions

C22 - Single Equation Models; Single Variables: Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes

C23 - Single Equation Models; Single Variables: Panel Data Models; Spatio-temporal Models

C30 - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables: General

C52 - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection

C63 - Computational Techniques; Simulation Modeling

C8 - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology, Computer Programs

C80 - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs: General

C89 - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs: Other

D00 - Microeconomics: General

D02 - Institutions: Design, Formation, Operations, and Impact

D13 - Household Production and Intrahousehold Allocation

D2 - Production and Organizations

D29 - Production and Organizations: Other

D31 - Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions

D5 - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium

D58 - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models

D7 - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making

D81 - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty

D84 - Expectations; Speculations

D90 - Intertemporal Choice: General

E10 - General Aggregative Models: General

E2 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor Markets, and Informal Economy

E20 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor Markets, and Informal Economy: General (includes Measurement and Data)

E21 - Macroeconomics: Consumption; Saving; Wealth

E24 - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity

E25 - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution

E27 - Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment: Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications

E29 - Consumption, Saving, Production, Investment, Labor Markets, and Informal Economy: Other

E30 - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles: General (includes Measurement and Data)

E47 - Money and Interest Rates: Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications

E50 - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General

E6 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook

E60 - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General

E62 - Fiscal Policy

F01 - Global Outlook

F02 - International Economic Order and Integration

F12 - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation

F17 - Trade: Forecasting and Simulation

F33 - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

F34 - International Lending and Debt Problems

F50 - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy: General

F53 - International Agreements and Observance; International Organizations

F6 - Economic Impacts of Globalization

F60 - Economic Impacts of Globalization: General

F62 - Economic Impacts of Globalization: Macroeconomic Impacts

G10 - General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data)

G17 - Financial Forecasting and Simulation

G20 - Financial Institutions and Services: General

G21 - Banks; Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

G31 - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies; Capacity

G32 - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

G38 - Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation

G51 - Household Savings, Borrowing, Debt, and Wealth

H1 - Structure and Scope of Government

H3 - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents

H41 - Public Goods

H52 - National Government Expenditures and Education

H54 - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: Infrastructures; Other Public Investment and Capital Stock

H7 - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations

H77 - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism; Secession

H89 - Public Economics: Miscellaneous Issues: Other

I00 - Health, Education, and Welfare - General

I18 - Health: Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health

I38 - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty: Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

J1 - Demographic Economics

J14 - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-labor Market Discrimination

J19 - Demographic Economics: Other

J3 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs

J33 - Compensation Packages; Payment Methods

J39 - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs: Other

J58 - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining: Public Policy

J6 - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers

J62 - Job, Occupational, and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion

J64 - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

J65 - Unemployment Insurance; Severance Pay; Plant Closings

K00 - Law and Economics: General

K42 - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law

L14 - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation; Networks

L16 - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics: Industrial Structure and Structural Change; Industrial Price Indices

L19 - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance: Other

L20 - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior: General

L25 - Firm Performance: Size, Diversification, and Scope

L33 - Comparison of Public and Private Enterprises and Nonprofit Institutions; Privatization; Contracting Out

L5 - Regulation and Industrial Policy

L51 - Economics of Regulation

L60 - Industry Studies: Manufacturing: General

L70 - Industry Studies: Primary Products and Construction: General

L80 - Industry Studies: Services: General

N17 - Economic History: Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations: Africa; Oceania

N20 - Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General, International, or Comparative

N30 - Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy: General, International, or Comparative

N35 - Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy: Asia including Middle East

N37 - Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy: Africa; Oceania

N97 - Regional and Urban History: Africa; Oceania

O - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth

O10 - Economic Development: General

O13 - Economic Development: Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products

O15 - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

O16 - Economic Development: Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

O2 - Development Planning and Policy

O3 - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights

O31 - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

O32 - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D

O38 - Technological Change: Government Policy

O49 - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: Other

P28 - Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies: Natural Resources; Energy; Environment

Q00 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics: General

Q10 - Agriculture: General

Q17 - Agriculture in International Trade

Q24 - Renewable Resources and Conservation: Land

Q29 - Renewable Resources and Conservation: Other

Q54 - Climate; Natural Disasters and Their Management; Global Warming

R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics: General

R10 - General Regional Economics (includes Regional Data)

R11 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

R12 - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity

R20 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics: Household Analysis: General

R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics: Housing Demand

R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics: Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics

R3 - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location

R30 - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location: General

R32 - Other Spatial Production and Pricing Analysis

Z13 - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Social and Economic Stratification