Estimates of appropriations

Vote Education - Estimates 2013/2014




Overview of the Vote#

The Minister of Education is responsible for appropriations in Vote Education for the 2013/14 financial year covering the following:

  • a total of nearly $1,918 million for services from the Ministry of Education (depreciation and capital charge on school accommodation and special education services being the most significant costs)
  • a total of nearly $473 million for educational services from central education Crown entities (New Zealand Qualifications Authority and Careers New Zealand) and other non-departmental providers. The most significant costs are for professional development in the school and early childhood education sectors and school transport services
  • a total of just over $46 million for allowances, bursaries, scholarships (including national study awards for teachers) and grants
  • a total of nearly $6,665 million for educational services from schools (including teacher salaries), early childhood education providers and other education providers
  • a total of nearly $601 million for capital expenditure by the Ministry of Education, mainly related to school sector property, and
  • a total of just over $31 million for capital expenditure for Crown entities and schools.

Details of these appropriations are set out in Parts 2-6 for Vote Education in the Information Supporting the Estimates of Appropriations.

Details of Appropriations#

Details of Annual and Permanent Appropriations

Details of Annual and Permanent Appropriations - Education
Titles and Scopes of Appropriations by Appropriation TypeBudgeted

Departmental Output Expenses

Interventions for Target Student Groups (M26)

Expenditure on policies and services focused on targeted student groups' or individuals' participation in education. This includes providing services to individuals with special education and developmental needs, providing additional funding for the support of students with special education needs, providing alternative education options, working with individuals and relevant stakeholders to resolve participation issues, and administering scholarships and awards for individuals.

Policy Advice (M26)

This appropriation is limited to the provision of advice (including second opinion advice and contributions to policy advice led by other agencies) to support decision-making by Ministers on Education related matters.

School Property Portfolio Management (M26)

Expenditure on goods and services focused on providing the land, buildings and other facilities that make up the property portfolio of the State school sector. This includes purchasing and constructing new property, upgrading existing property to maintain the quality of the portfolio, disposing of surplus property, and managing teacher and caretaker housing.

Strategic Leadership in the Sector (M26)

Expenditure on policies and services focused on the Ministry's leadership role in the education sector. This includes enhancing the Ministry's coordination with other sector and Government agencies and forums, undertaking research and analysis, monitoring the sector and select Crown entities, and supporting the Minister of Education and Associate Minister to meet their obligations to Parliament.

Support and Resources for Education Providers (M26)

Expenditure on policies, regulations and services focused on the governance, management and operation of education providers. This includes managing regulations, administering the distribution of resources, delivering services that support school management - including industrial relations and education payroll - and working with providers to resolve underperformance.

Support and Resources for Teachers (M26)

Expenditure on policies and services focused on supporting the work and enhancing the capability of teachers. This includes providing curriculum and achievement standards, teaching resources, professional development, and administering scholarships and awards for teachers and principals.

Support and Resources for the Community (M26)

Expenditure on policies and programmes focused on the community's knowledge of and participation in the education system. This includes engaging with, providing information and support to, and delivering education courses to the community.

Total Departmental Output Expenses


Non-Departmental Output Expenses

Curriculum Support (M26)

Purchase of supplementary educational programmes for schools and communities to ensure wider access to these opportunities.

Education Research Initiatives (M26)

Purchase of research about teaching and learning in our educational institutions and independent research on education issues, policies and practices.

Professional Development and Support (M26)

Delivery of professional development and advisory support to staff, managers and parents in early childhood education services and in schools, to support effective teaching and enhance self-management.

Provision of Information and Advisory Services (M26)

This appropriation is limited to providing a range of stakeholders with information, capability building and advisory services related to education policies and programmes. This includes careers information, advice and guidance services, information on qualifications, assessment and quality assurance, communication and information services for the sensory sector as well as mobility, orientation and habilitation services, and support to assist with management, governance, licensing and capacity of providers. Services from Careers New Zealand and New Zealand Qualifications Authority for Government Ministers are also included.

Qualifications Support Structures (M26)

This appropriation is limited to the New Zealand Qualifications Authority overseeing the setting of standards and New Zealand qualifications. It also includes standard-setting and qualifications development responsibility, recognition and review of qualifications, records management processes to support the New Zealand Qualifications Framework, and participation in the promotion of the New Zealand qualifications system to key education and immigration partner countries.

Quality Assurance (M26)

This appropriation is limited to the provision by the New Zealand Qualifications Authority of quality assurance services to support the New Zealand qualifications system that include ongoing development and management of quality assurance processes, monitoring and managing providers at risk and the ongoing refinement and maintenance of the quality assurance framework.

School Managed Network Funding (M26)

This appropriation is limited to supporting schools' purchase of a core package of managed network services from the provider of the managed network service.

School Transport (M26)

Purchase of services to transport eligible students to and from State and integrated schools. Also included are payments to schools that manage their own transport services and payments to parents/caregivers to compensate for the costs of taking children to school where other transport services are unsuitable or unavailable.

Secondary School Assessments (M26)

This appropriation is limited to the New Zealand Qualifications Authority overseeing assessment for national secondary school qualifications, including the National Certificate of Educational Achievement and Scholarship examinations, and the moderation of internal and external school assessments.

Secondary-Tertiary Interface (M26)

This appropriation is limited to delivery of programmes of learning at the secondary-tertiary interface, including programmes offered in partnership by schools and tertiary education organisations.

Service Academies (M26)

This appropriation is limited to providing military-focused programmes for disengaged or disengaging senior students in secondary schools.

Supporting Parenting (M26)

This appropriation is limited to purchasing delivery of specific programmes and providing advice and support that enhances the role of parents/caregivers in the development of their children and promotes the value of quality education experiences.

Total Non-Departmental Output Expenses


Benefits and Other Unrequited Expenses

Boarding Allowances and Bursaries (M26)

Provides an annual allowance to subsidise boarding fees and some travel costs of primary and secondary students who must live away from home to receive their education, either because of the distance of the nearest school or bus service from their home, or because certain approved subjects are not available at their local schools. Bursaries are awarded according to the School Boarding Bursaries Regulations 1972.

Home Schooling Allowances (M26)

Provides an allowance payable to parents/caregivers of children in full-time correspondence programmes for primary and secondary education and to parents/caregivers of children receiving their primary and secondary education at home (where a certificate of exemption from enrolment has been approved under section 21 of the Education Act 1989).

Mapihi Pounamu (M26)

Assistance to at-risk students enrolled in school level Year 9 and above, who face barriers to learning, to ensure they participate and achieve in education. The scheme is administered by the Ministry of Education.

National Study Awards (M26)

Provision for the costs of study awards, sabbaticals and fellowships for teachers, including replacement of the teacher while on study leave. Awards include those linked to teachers' collective agreements and approved prestigious awards. Priorities, criteria and selection processes are published by the Ministry of Education.

Scholarships for Students to Attend Private Schools (M26)

Assistance to students from low-income families to attend private secondary schools.

Teacher Trainee Scholarships (M26)

Scholarships and allowances for students undertaking teacher training education, and loan support payments to teachers. The criteria and process for awarding scholarships are published by the Ministry of Education.

United World Scholarships (M26)

Scholarships for attendance at United World Colleges.

Total Benefits and Other Unrequited Expenses


Non-Departmental Other Expenses

Early Childhood Education (M26)

Subsidising early childhood education services for children under six years of age from licensed and chartered early childhood education services (including centres and chartered home-based care networks) and from licence-exempt and certificated centres. Also included are several targeted funds.

Integrated Schools Property (M26)

Provision for modernisation of existing property at integrated schools as part of a funding regime negotiated with the proprietors of integrated schools. Funding to assist in the expansion of the network is also included.

Interest Subsidy for Schools (M26)

Provides a subsidy on interest payments for borrowing by private and State integrated schools for approved property-related projects. Administration costs are also included.

New Zealand Teachers Council (M26)

Operating grant to assist the Teachers Council to carry out its leadership function.

Primary Education (M26)

Delivering the curriculum for Years 0 to 8 (new entrant to Form 2) to pupils of State, integrated, private schools and The Correspondence School. Provides roll-based operations funding to schools, teacher and management salaries, support costs and supplementary funding programmes.

Remission of Fees (M26)

Payment to the New Zealand Qualifications Authority for student examination fees remitted in cases of hardship.

School Transport Bus Controllers (M26)

Payments to teachers who, as bus controllers, assist in the provision of school transport assistance.

Schooling Improvement (M26)

School support and schooling improvement projects to improve the capability of schools and school clusters and their responsiveness to the needs of their communities. These include iwi-strengthening education projects.

Secondary Education (M26)

Delivering the curriculum for Years 9 to 13 (Forms 3 to 7) to pupils of State, integrated, private schools and The Correspondence School. Provides roll-based operations funding to schools, teacher and management salaries, support costs and supplementary funding programmes.

Special Needs Support (M26)

Providing additional resources to enable students with special education needs to participate in education. This includes supplementary resources for special education needs, residential services, English for Speakers of Other Languages and alternative education programmes.

Support for Early Childhood Education Providers (M26)

This appropriation is limited to assisting early childhood education services and other bodies corporate in the provision of child places for early childhood education. Priority will be given to providers in communities that have low levels of participation in early childhood education, to increase the number of child places and therefore availability of early childhood education. The criteria and selection process for each type of assistance are published by the Ministry of Education.


Annual membership contribution to United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation's international administration, and a programme of activities of the National Commission, including participation in regional and international activities.

Total Non-Departmental Other Expenses


Departmental Capital Expenditure

Ministry of Education - Capital Expenditure PLA (M26)

This appropriation is limited to the purchase or development of assets by and for the use of the Ministry of Education, as authorised by section 24(1) of the Public Finance Act 1989.

Total Departmental Capital Expenditure


Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure

Property Disposal Incentives Scheme (M26)

Payments to schools of a share of the proceeds from the sale of their surplus school property assets.

School Support Project (M26)

Capital costs of implementing approved school support and schooling improvement projects (other than costs related to school property assets).

Schools Furniture and Equipment (M26)

Provides funds to schools for new furniture and equipment when capital works (including remodelling/upgrading of existing property and new school property) are approved.

The Network for Learning Limited (M26)

This appropriation is limited to the establishment of and provision of ongoing investment funding for a Crown-owned company which will provide a managed network of access to ultra-fast broadband and enhanced managed services to schools.

Total Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure


Total Annual and Permanent Appropriations


Details of Projected Movements in Departmental
Net Assets#

Ministry of Education

Ministry of Education - Details of Projected Movements in Departmental Net Assets - Education
Details of Net Asset Schedule2012/13
Estimated Actual
Explanation of Projected Movements in 2013/14
Opening Balance10,844,69910,958,011
Capital Injections105,40197,196Injection mainly relates to funding for the school property works programme ($56.980 million), implementation of ultra-fast broadband in schools ($34.228 million) and $3.700 million for early learning information system development.
Capital Withdrawals--
Surplus to be Retained (Deficit Incurred)7,911-
Other Movements--

Closing Balance