Estimates of appropriations

Vote Education - Education and Workforce Sector - Estimates 2021/22

Vote Education#

APPROPRIATION MINISTER(S): Minister of Education (M26)

DEPARTMENT ADMINISTERING THE VOTE: Ministry of Education (A19)

RESPONSIBLE MINISTER FOR MINISTRY OF EDUCATION: Minister of Education

Overview of the Vote#

The Minister of Education is responsible for appropriations in Vote Education for the 2021/22 financial year covering the following:

  • a total of over $2,775 million for services from the Ministry of Education (depreciation and capital charge on school accommodation and Learning Support services being the most significant costs)
  • a total of nearly $1,870 million for capital expenditure by the Ministry of Education, mainly related to school sector property
  • a total of just over $10,525 million for educational services from schools (including teacher salaries), early learning, educational services from the New Zealand Qualifications Authority, Network for Learning, Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand and other non-departmental providers. Aside from teacher salaries, schools' operations grants and early learning subsidies, other significant costs include curriculum support and professional development in schools and early learning sectors and school transport services
  • a total of nearly $54 million for allowances, scholarships and awards for students, teachers and trainees
  • a total of just over $102 million for other educational services, and
  • a total of just over $55 million for capital expenditure for schools.

The Minister of Education is also responsible for a capital injection to the Ministry of Education of nearly $1,176 million.

Details of these appropriations are set out in Parts 2-4.

Details of Appropriations and Capital Injections#

Annual Appropriations and Forecast Permanent Appropriations#

  2020/21 2021/22
Titles and Scopes of Appropriations by Appropriation Type Final
Budgeted
$000
Estimated
Actual
$000
Budget
$000

Departmental Output Expenses

     

School Property Portfolio Management (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to support and advice for schools on property issues; managing and supporting the purchase and construction of new property; and upgrades to existing property and disposal of surplus property; managing teacher and caretaker housing; and other services provided by the Ministry of Education in its stewardship of the land, buildings and other facilities that comprise the State school sector property portfolio.
1,919,823 1,914,823 1,967,859

Services to Other Agencies RDA (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to the provision of services by the Ministry of Education to government departments and other agencies where those services are not within the scope of another departmental output expense appropriation in Vote Education.
4,950 4,950 1,800

Support and Resources for Parents and the Community (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to expenditure on support focused on increasing informed engagement by families and communities in their children's educational outcomes.
15,175 15,175 14,028

Total Departmental Output Expenses

1,939,948 1,934,948 1,983,687

Departmental Capital Expenditure

     

Ministry of Education - Capital Expenditure PLA (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to the purchase or development of assets by and for the use of the Ministry of Education, as authorised by section 24(1) of the Public Finance Act 1989.
1,394,128 1,394,128 1,869,680

Total Departmental Capital Expenditure

1,394,128 1,394,128 1,869,680

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     

Contributions to Other Education-related Organisations (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to contributions to the services provided by education-related organisations that benefit the New Zealand education system and fulfil obligations to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).
- - 11,748

Early Learning (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to subsidising delivery of early learning services for children under six years of age by licensed and certificated services, and the provision of related funds to such services.
2,157,324 2,157,324 2,261,481

School Managed Network Funding (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to supporting schools' purchase of a core package of managed network services from the provider of the managed network service.
28,750 28,750 28,750

School Transport (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to transporting eligible students to and from State and state integrated schools and associated facilities.
225,339 225,339 218,242

Schooling Improvement (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to school support and schooling improvement projects, including iwi-strengthening education projects, to improve the capability of schools and school clusters and their responsiveness to the needs of their communities.
32,282 32,282 25,450

Support for Early Learning Providers (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to assisting early learning services and other bodies corporate that provide child places for early learning.
14,926 14,926 9,226

Supporting Parenting (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to delivery of specific programmes and providing advice and support that enhances the role of parents/caregivers in the development of their children.
9,174 9,174 8,974

Contribution to the Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to a contribution towards the Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand carrying out its leadership and other statutory functions for the teaching profession and education.
12,157 12,157 -

UNESCO (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to providing administration and a programme of activities of the (New Zealand) National Commission of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation, including annual membership contribution to international administration and participation in regional and international activities.
2,083 2,083 -

Total Non-Departmental Output Expenses

2,482,035 2,482,035 2,563,871

Benefits or Related Expenses

     

Home Schooling Allowances (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to allowances for parents/caregivers of children in full-time correspondence programmes for primary and secondary education and parents/caregivers of children receiving their primary and secondary education at home (where a certificate of exemption from enrolment has been approved under section 38 of the Education and Training Act 2020).
7,301 7,301 7,486

Scholarships and Awards for Students (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to scholarships and allowances for school students, including subsidies toward fees and travel costs and programmes.
15,772 15,772 14,766

Scholarships and Awards for Teachers and Trainees (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to study awards, sabbaticals and fellowships for teachers and scholarships and allowances for students undertaking teacher training education.
30,675 30,675 31,521

Total Benefits or Related Expenses

53,748 53,748 53,773

Non-Departmental Other Expenses

     

Impairment of Debts and Assets and Debt Write-Offs (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to bad debt write-offs for Crown debt and to impairment of Crown debt or other assets arising from objective evidence of one or more loss events that occurred after the initial recognition of the Crown debt or asset, and the loss event (or events) has had a reliably measurable impact on the estimated future cash flows of the debt or other asset.
12,000 12,000 1,000

Integrated Schools Property (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to providing funding to proprietors of integrated schools for capital upgrade, including modernisation, of their existing school property and facilities as well as expansion of the network of integrated schools.
85,275 79,275 101,123

Education Providers with COVID-19-Related Losses of Income (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to providing grants as determined by Cabinet to education providers who have suffered a loss of income as a result of COVID-19.
38,789 38,789 -

Total Non-Departmental Other Expenses

136,064 130,064 102,123

Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure

     

School Support Project (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to capital costs of implementing approved school support and schooling improvement projects (other than costs related to school property assets).
1,880 200 1,880

Schools Furniture and Equipment (M26) (A19) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to providing funding to schools for new furniture and equipment when capital works have been approved or to fund the replacement of furniture and equipment.
53,000 53,000 53,355

Total Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure

54,880 53,200 55,235

Multi-Category Expenses and Capital Expenditure

     

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA (M26) (A19) (A19)

The single overarching purpose of this appropriation is to improve the quality of teaching and learning for children and young people aged 0-18 years.
302,981 302,981 352,158

Departmental Output Expenses

     

Support and Resources for Teachers

This category is limited to expenditure on policies and services focused on supporting the capability of teachers, kaiako and leaders to improve outcomes for students.
109,725 109,725 161,693

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     

Curriculum Support

This category is limited to funding educational programmes for teachers, kaiako and leaders, students with their families, and the community that expand learning opportunities.
75,316 75,316 74,280

Professional Development and Support

This category is limited to building the capability of teachers, kaiako and leaders, through the delivery of learning and development opportunities.
117,940 117,940 116,185

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA (M26) (A19) (A19)

The single overarching purpose of this appropriation is to improve outcomes for targeted student groups.
1,166,221 1,166,221 1,320,152

Departmental Output Expenses

     

Interventions for Target Student Groups

This category is limited to expenditure on policies and services focused on targeted student groups or individuals' participation in education.
401,267 401,267 393,757

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     

Learning Support and Alternative Education

This category is limited to providing additional resources and programmes to enable students with additional learning needs or those who are disengaged or disengaging from education to participate in education.
- - 657,297

School Lunch Programme

This category is limited to providing school lunches to students in schools and kura with high concentrations of disadvantage.
90,555 90,555 254,088

Students Attendance and Engagement

This category is limited to providing services to support increased attendance for non-attending students.
12,801 12,801 15,010

Learning Support

This category is limited to providing additional resources to enable students with additional learning needs to participate in education.
657,813 657,813 -

Service Academies

This category is limited to providing military-focused programmes for disengaged or disengaging senior students in secondary schools.
3,785 3,785 -

Oversight and Administration of the Qualifications System MCA (M26) (A19) (A19)

The single overarching purpose of this appropriation is for the New Zealand Qualifications Authority to provide effective oversight and administration of the qualifications system.
76,893 76,893 76,256

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     

Secondary School Assessments

This category is limited to the New Zealand Qualifications Authority delivering external assessment for national secondary school qualifications, including the National Certificate of Educational Achievement and Scholarship examinations, and moderating of internal school assessments.
58,555 58,555 57,053

Standards and Qualifications Support

This category is limited to the New Zealand Qualifications Authority managing, operating, maintaining and providing advice on the New Zealand qualifications system, and providing quality assurance services on NZQA's areas of responsibility.
18,338 18,338 19,203

Oversight of the Education System MCA (M26) (A19) (A19)

The single overarching purpose of this appropriation is to provide policy advice, research, monitoring and related services that enable Ministers to discharge their responsibilities for a well-functioning education system (excluding tertiary education).
69,977 69,977 74,048

Departmental Output Expenses

     

Stewardship and Oversight of the Education System

This category is limited to providing advice and services to support Ministers to discharge their portfolio responsibilities relating to education (excluding tertiary and international education), and delivery of research and data analysis, monitoring and reporting on the education system, and related administrative and oversight activities.
66,969 66,969 73,548

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     

Independent Advice on Government Priority Areas

This category is limited to the provision, independently of the Ministry of Education, of advice (including second opinion advice and contributions to policy advice led by other agencies, advice on operational matters and expert review service advice) to support decision-making by Ministers on government priority areas.
- - 500

Education Research Initiatives

This category is limited to the purchase of research about teaching and learning in our educational institutions and independent research on education issues, policies and practices.
3,008 3,008 -

Primary and Secondary Education MCA (M26) (A19) (A19)

The overarching purpose of this appropriation is to provide teachers, funding and other resourcing entitlements to schools (and other education providers) to deliver education to school students in Years 0 to 13.
7,098,935 7,098,935 6,930,487

Departmental Output Expenses

     

Support and Resources for Education Providers

This category is limited to expenses incurred on operational policies, regulations and services relating to the governance, management and operation of education providers (other than tertiary education providers).
149,177 149,177 162,940

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     

Primary Education

This category is limited to providing roll-based operations funding to schools, teacher and management salaries, support costs and supplementary funding programmes to enable the delivery of education to all students for Years 0 to 8.
4,041,922 4,041,922 3,912,376

School Risk Management Scheme

This category is limited to the expenses incurred in purchasing reinsurance and settling claims under the school risk management scheme, in accordance with the Education and Training Act 2020.
5,000 5,000 5,000

Secondary Education

This category is limited to providing roll-based operations funding to schools, teacher and management salaries, support costs and supplementary funding programmes to enable the delivery of education, including the delivery of programmes of learning at the secondary-tertiary interface, to all students for Years 9 to 13.
2,902,836 2,902,836 2,850,171

Total Multi-Category Expenses and Capital Expenditure

8,715,007 8,715,007 8,753,101

Total Annual Appropriations and Forecast Permanent Appropriations

14,775,810 14,763,130 15,381,470

Multi-Year Appropriations#

Type, Title, Scope and Period of Appropriations Appropriations, Adjustments and Use $000

Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure

   

Schools Payroll Sustainability Loan (M26) (A19)

This appropriation is limited to making a loan to Education Payroll Limited to undertake the Education Payroll Development Programme.

Commences: 01 October 2017

Expires: 30 September 2020
Original Appropriation 13,225
Adjustments to 2019/20 -
Adjustments for 2020/21 -
Adjusted Appropriation 13,225
Actual to 2019/20 Year End 10,225
Estimated Actual for 2020/21 3,000
Estimate for 2021/22 -
Estimated Appropriation Remaining -

Total Annual Appropriations and Forecast Permanent Appropriations and Multi-Year Appropriations#

  2020/21 2021/22
  Final
Budgeted
$000
Estimated
Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Annual Appropriations and Forecast Permanent Appropriations 14,775,810 14,763,130 15,381,470
Total Forecast MYA Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure 3,000 3,000 -

Total Annual Appropriations and Forecast Permanent Appropriations and Multi-Year Appropriations

14,778,810 14,766,130 15,381,470

Capital Injection Authorisations#

  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Ministry of Education - Capital Injection (M26) (A19) 791,221 791,221 1,176,389

Supporting Information#

Part 1 - Vote as a Whole#

1.1 - New Policy Initiatives#

Policy Initiative Appropriation 2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
100% Qualified and Certificated Teachers

Early Learning

12,193 64,068 89,645 112,295 112,295
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers 48 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Additional Attendance Service Places

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Students Attendance and Engagement - 4,868 5,335 5,335 5,335
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Additional Funding to Support Playcentres

Support for Early Learning Providers

3,700 - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers 500 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Aligning the Premium for the 100% Certificated Teacher Rates

Early Learning

(4,531) (2,015) 1,296 4,179 4,179
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Childcare for Essential Workers at Alert Level 4

Early Learning

15,000 - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Education Providers with COVID-19-Related Losses of Income

(15,000) - - - -
Non-Departmental Other Expense          
Christchurch Schools' Rebuild Programme

School Property Portfolio Management

- 2,700 4,800 4,800 4,800
Departmental Output Expense          

Departmental Capital Injection

- 56,000 - - -
Completion of the Education Resourcing System for Schools and Early Learning

Departmental Capital Injection

5,560 12,018 - - -

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers - 3,515 - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Continuation of Support for Casual Schooling Workforce Unable to Work Due to COVID-19

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers 400 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Continuing Action to Improve Social Inclusion

Support and Resources for Parents and the Community

100 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Support and Resources for Teachers 561 4,682 - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Continuing Digital Access for Principals and Teachers

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Curriculum Support 1,173 2,143 2,510 2,885 3,942
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Continuing the Access to Free Period Products in Schools and Kura

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups 1,107 8,191 8,199 8,145 -
Departmental Output Expense          

School Lunch Programme

(25,642) - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Continuing the Ka Ora Ka Ako Healthy School Lunches Programme

Departmental Capital Injection

- 964 - - -

Schools Furniture and Equipment

- - 570 570 -
Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure          

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups - 2,765 5,531 2,765 -
Departmental Output Expense          
School Lunch Programme - 128,788 257,807 129,259 -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Contribution to Mana Ake Initiative

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Primary Education (2,000) - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Cost Adjustment for Early Childhood Education

Early Learning

- 13,362 28,206 29,124 29,996
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Cost Adjustment for Schools' Operational Grant

Early Learning

- 7 15 15 15
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Curriculum Support - 38 76 76 76
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Learning Support and Alternative Education - 891 1,730 1,758 1,759
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Primary Education - 6,705 12,633 12,483 12,417
Secondary Education - 5,692 11,137 11,239 11,287
Non-Departmental Output Expenses          
COVID-19 Tertiary Education Grant Funding Transfer

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Secondary Education (14,000) - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Crown Response to the Abuse in Care Inquiry (see also Vote Internal Affairs in Finance and Government Administration Sector, Vote Health in Health Sector, Vote Justice in Justice Sector, Vote Oranga Tamariki in Social Services and Community Sector, and Vote Maori Development in Maori Affairs Sector)

Oversight of the Education System MCA

         
Stewardship and Oversight of the Education System - 1,000 - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Deliver Sustained Professional Learning and Development to Embed Tapasa

Departmental Capital Injection

- 16 - - -

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Professional Development and Support - 579 1,179 1,179 1,179
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Oversight of the Education System MCA

         
Stewardship and Oversight of the Education System - 221 221 221 221
Departmental Output Expense          
Depreciation Impacts of Revaluing the School Property Portfolio

Dept. Net operating surplus/deficit

36,000 - - - -
Departmental Net Assets          
Design of an Early Learning Sustainability Fund to Respond to COVID-19 Impacts

Education Providers with COVID-19-Related Losses of Income

30,000 - - - -
Non-Departmental Other Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers 200 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Drawdown from Addressing Supplier Contractual Obligations Arising from COVID-19 Contingency

School Property Portfolio Management

4,289 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          

Departmental Capital Injection

1,712        
Drawdown from Targeted Support for At-Risk Akonga Contingency

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups 1,073 550 - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Learning Support 7,963 - - - -
 Learning Support and Alternative Education - 6,945 190 - -
Non-Departmental Output Expenses          

Oversight of the Education System MCA

         
Stewardship and Oversight of the Education System 50 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Secondary Education 2,700 - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Drawdown from the Educational Payroll Limited Core Services Contingency

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers 1,900 1,900 1,900 1,900 1,900
Departmental Output Expense          
Drawdown of Capital and Operating Funding for Learning Support Coordinators (adjusted for reduced capital charge rate)

School Property Portfolio Management

713 3,597 5,768 6,518 6,518
Departmental Output Expense          

Departmental Capital Injection

19,000 57,900 10,000 - -

Integrated Schools Property

8,625 - - - -
Non-Departmental Other Expense          

Schools Furniture and Equipment

2,100 - - - -
Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure          
Early Intervention: Te Kohanga Reo - Learning Support Initiative and Targeted COVID-19 Response

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups 1,138 1,150 275 276 276
Departmental Output Expense          
Education Holidays Act Remediation Payments (see also Vote Tertiary Education in the Education and Workforce Sector)

School Property Portfolio Management

5,525 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          

Support and Resources for Parents and the Community

325 - - - -
Departmental Output Expenses          

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Support and Resources for Teachers 2,038 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups 7,937 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Learning Support 12,000 - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Oversight of the Education System MCA

         
Stewardship and Oversight of the Education System 1,204 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers 2,750 - 3,500 2,500 1,500
Departmental Output Expense          
Primary Education 141,250 - - - -
Secondary Education 96,750 - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expenses          
Equity Index - System Infrastructure

Departmental Capital Injection

- 3,096 1,832 - -

Oversight of the Education System MCA

         
Stewardship and Oversight of the Education System - 7,587 4,128 3,399 2,964
Departmental Output Expense          
Essential Property Maintenance at State-integrated Schools

Integrated Schools Property

- 26,400 26,400 - -
Non-Departmental Other Expense          
Expanding Reading Together Te Panui Ngatahi Partnerships and Duffy Books in Homes

Departmental Capital Injection

- 48 - - -

Support and Resources for Parents and the Community

- 528 539 551 562
Departmental Output Expense          

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Curriculum Support - 1,775 2,240 2,560 2,890
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Expansion of Creatives in Schools

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Curriculum Support 1,600 1,200 1,200 - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Free and Healthy School Lunches Programme

Schools Furniture and Equipment

396 72 - - -
Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure          

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups 675 1,760 - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
School Lunch Programme 13,681 9,900 - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Funding for School Transport Contract

Departmental Capital Injection

- 2,595 - - -

School Transport

4,389 3,292 - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers - 2,848 3,284 3,284 3,284
Departmental Output Expense          
Funding Increase for Alternative Education Provision

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Learning Support and Alternative Education - 1,111 1,111 1,111 1,111
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Funding the Next Phase of the National Education Growth Plan

School Property Portfolio Management

- 4,659 10,968 13,893 15,671
Departmental Output Expense          

Departmental Capital Injection

- 121,900 71,000 27,000 46,100
Funding to Support Schools to Manage the Immediate Costs of COVID-19

Education Providers with COVID-19-Related Losses of Income

3,789 - - - -
Non-Departmental Other Expense          

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Learning Support 94 - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers 70 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Primary Education 26,562 - - - -
Secondary Education 7,819 - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expenses          
Helping Households Stay Connected to the Internet

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Curriculum Support 4,800 - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Increasing Ongoing Resourcing Scheme Teacher Aide Hours

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups 21,221 12,974 12,974 12,974 12,974
Departmental Output Expense          
Learning Support 19,827 - - - -
Learning Support and Alternative Education - 12,468 12,468 12,468 12,468
Non-Departmental Output Expenses          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Primary Education 2,343 4,836 4,836 4,836 4,836
Secondary Education 1,390 2,869 2,869 2,869 2,869
Non-Departmental Output Expenses          
Increasing Trades Academy Places and Supporting Secondary Transitions

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Support and Resources for Teachers 625 1,250 1,250 1,250 1,250
Departmental Output Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Secondary Education 5,569 8,931 6,724 6,724 6,724
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Increasing Wellbeing and Mental Health Support to Learners and Education Workforce

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Support and Resources for Teachers 13,004 13,792 12,717 9,229 9,229
Departmental Output Expense          

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups 915 915 915 965 965
Departmental Output Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Primary Education 27,820 5,640 5,640 5,640 5,640
Secondary Education 32,287 15,035 15,035 15,035 15,035
Non-Departmental Output Expenses          
Intensive Support for Young Learners with Wellbeing and Behavioural Needs that may be Challenging to Others (Savings)

Support for Early Learning Providers

- (2,000) (2,000) (2,000) (2,000)
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Curriculum Support - (300) (300) (300) (300)
Professional Development and Support   (533) (533) (533) (533)
Non-Departmental Output Expenses          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Secondary Education - (1,599) (1,599) (1,599) (1,599)
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
International Education Strategic Recovery: Enable Providers to Deliver Education Offshore and Develop Quality Assurance

Oversight and Administration of the Qualifications System MCA

         
Standards and Qualifications Support 500 - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Investigating and Negotiating Pay Equity Claims

Departmental Capital Injection

- 480 - - -

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers 610 9,023 8,944 6,285 4,485
Departmental Output Expense          
Keeping Households Connected Through the 2021 School Year

Schools Furniture and Equipment

1,200 - - - -
Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure          

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Curriculum Support (7,800) 6,600 - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Learning Support - Maintaining Ministry Specialist Staff

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups - 6,080 6,080 6,080 6,080
Departmental Output Expense          
Maintaining Kohanga Reo Viability during the Post-COVID-19 Rebuilding Phase

Early Learning

24,439 24,832 25,187 25,498 25,498
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Meeting the Operational Costs of a Growing School Property Portfolio

School Property Portfolio Management

- 11,250 11,250 11,250 11,250
Departmental Output Expense          
Mitigating Impacts of Socioeconomic Disadvantage: School Lunches

Schools Furniture and Equipment

3,900 - - - -
Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure          

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
School Lunch Programme 106,900 109,800 - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Moving Towards Pay Parity for Teachers in Education and Care Services

Departmental Capital Injection

- 984 20 20 20

Early Learning

- 25,374 50,414 52,130 53,959
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers - 4,039 2,266 1,750 1,433
Departmental Output Expense          
National Education Growth Plan: Drawdown of Wave 2

School Property Portfolio Management

948 3,976 11,994 11,994 11,994
Departmental Output Expense          

Departmental Capital Injection

271,720 191,890 177,250 26,620 4,210

Schools Furniture and Equipment

1,970 2,810 4,340 2,750 280
Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure          
NCEA and Scholarship Assessment - Maintaining Pay Rates for New Zealand Qualifications Authority's Specialist Workforce

Oversight and Administration of the Qualifications System MCA

         
Secondary School Assessments - 5,000 5,000 - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
NCEA Change Programme - A Strengthened NCEA for all New Zealanders

Departmental Capital Injection

- 121 2,350 2,625 2,625

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Support and Resources for Teachers - 25,730 30,617 24,643 11,523
Departmental Output Expense          
NCEA Online: Transforming Assessment for Learners

Oversight and Administration of the Qualifications System MCA

         
Secondary School Assessments 14,846 14,285 4,772 4,772 4,772
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Network-as-a-Service and Cybersecurity for Schools

School Property Portfolio Management

5,793 7,249 7,470 6,970 6,970
Departmental Output Expense          

Schools Furniture and Equipment

4,500 3,390 2,750 10,920 10,920
Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure          
Ongoing Resourcing Scheme Cost Pressure for Teacher Aide Hours

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups 3,863 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Learning Support 10,737 - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Primary Education 2,770 - - - -
Secondary Education 1,643 - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expenses          
Pastoral Care of Domestic Tertiary Students - Funding for Code Administration and Disputes Resolution Scheme (see also Vote Tertiary Education in the Education and Workforce Sector)

Oversight and Administration of the Qualifications System MCA

         
Standards and Qualifications Support 108 1,251 1,211 1,211 1,211
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Prime Minister's Vocational Excellence Awards

Scholarships and Awards for Students

- 900 900 900 900
Benefits or Related Expense          

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Support and Resources for Teachers - 150 150 150 150
Departmental Output Expense          
Property Funding to Build and Expand Schools Delivering Maori Medium Education

School Property Portfolio Management

- 1,018 2,230 4,620 6,297
Departmental Output Expense          
Departmental Capital Injection - 16,650 30,810 27,400 2,210
Providing Digital Identity Required for Online Assessment and Learning

Departmental Capital Injection

2,688 2,550 830 830 -

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers 2,634 4,669 3,073 2,819 2,819
Departmental Output Expense          
Purchasing Land for New Schools

School Property Portfolio Management

- 2,125 4,250 4,250 4,250
Departmental Output Expense          

Departmental Capital Injection

- 85,000 - - -
Reform of the Tomorrow's Schools System

School Property Portfolio Management

- 8,129 8,707 8,769 8,827
Departmental Output Expense          

Departmental Capital Injection

- 11,553 18,195 12,552 11,510

Early Learning

- 1,800 - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Support and Resources for Teachers - 29,000 29,879 30,792 20,329
Departmental Output Expense          

Oversight of the Education System MCA

         
Stewardship and Oversight of the Education System 2,500 2,500 2,500 - -
Departmental Output Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers - 4,639 5,567 6,588 6,588
Departmental Output Expense          
Primary Education - 4,700 - - -
Secondary Education - 3,500 - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expenses          
Reform of Vocational Education - Transition and Integration Phase (see also Vote Tertiary Education in the Education and Workforce Sector)

Oversight and Administration of the Qualifications System MCA

         
Standards and Qualifications Support - - 2,000 2,000 2,000
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Reform of Vocational Education: Further Investment in the New Zealand Institute of Skills and Technology (see also Vote Tertiary Education in the Education and Workforce Sector)

Oversight and Administration of the Qualifications System MCA

         
Standards and Qualifications Support 2,000 3,000 - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Savings - Increasing Ongoing Resourcing Scheme Teacher Aide Hours

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Learning Support (5,000) - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Savings - Ongoing Resourcing Scheme Cost Pressure for Teacher Aide Hours

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups (3,800) - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Schools' Payroll Sustainability Investment

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers 250 14,750 - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Second Tranche of Implementation of the Teacher Aide Pay Equity Settlement

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers - 3,809 - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
State Sector Decarbonisation - Drawdown from Tagged Capital Contingency
(Tranche One, Two, Three and Five projects) (see also Vote Business, Science and Innovation in the Economic Development and Infrastructure Sector, Vote Conservation in Environment Sector, Vote Defence Force in External Sector, Vote Health in Health Sector, Vote Parliamentary Service in Finance and Government Administration Sector and Vote Revenue in Finance and Government Administration Sector)

Departmental Capital Injection

21,053 19,880 13,915 - -

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups 2 20 20 20 14
Departmental Output Expense          
Support for Schools Payroll

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers 1,560 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Supporting At-Risk Akonga to Re-Engage and Attend School During the COVID-19 Recovery

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups 292 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Students Attendance and Engagement 2,575 - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Supporting Maori Learners and Te Reo Maori Post COVID-19

Support and Resources for Parents and the Community

2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000
Departmental Output Expense          

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Support and Resources for Teachers 38,822 30,822 22,122 31,822 31,822
Departmental Output Expense          
Curriculum Support 1,178 1,178 878 1,178 1,178
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups 18,000 16,000 15,000 15,000 15,000
Departmental Output Expense          
Supporting Pacific Bilingual and Immersion Education in Schooling

Departmental Capital Injection

- 628 - 16 -

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Support and Resources for Teachers - 794 994 894 894
Departmental Output Expense          

Oversight of the Education System MCA

         
Stewardship and Oversight of the Education System - 398 88 88 88
Departmental Output Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers - 730 471 465 465
Departmental Output Expense          
Primary Education - 683 1,468 1,688 1,942
Secondary Education - 31 67 77 88
Non-Departmental Output Expenses          
Supporting School Property Redevelopments

School Property Portfolio Management

- 2,813 8,438 11,250 11,250
Departmental Output Expense          

Departmental Capital Injection

- 75,000 75,000 - -
Supporting the Co-location of Marlborough Boys' and Girls' Colleges and the Relocation of Bohally Intermediate

School Property Portfolio Management

- 158 315 315 315
Departmental Output Expense          

Departmental Capital Injection

- 6,300 - - -
Targeted Initiatives to Support Akonga Success in NCEA Pangarau, Te Reo Matatini, Numeracy and Literacy

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Support and Resources for Teachers - 1,900 2,620 2,940 2,540
Departmental Output Expense          
Targeted Support for Pacific Learners and Families Funding

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning MCA

         
Professional Development and Support 595 940 1,220 1,350 1,350
Non-Departmental Output Expense          

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups 14,056 14,934 18,737 19,537 19,537
Departmental Output Expense          

Primary and Secondary Education MCA

         
Support and Resources for Education Providers 1,529 2,437 2,437 2,437 2,437
Departmental Output Expense          
Technology Support for School Children with Learning Support Needs

Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA

         
Interventions for Target Student Groups 334 - - - -
Departmental Output Expense          
Learning Support 666 - - - -
Non-Departmental Output Expense          
Transition Support for State and State-integrated Schools that have Lost International Revenue as a result of COVID-19

Education Providers with COVID-19-Related Losses of Income

20,000 - - - -
Non-Departmental Other Expense          
Total Initiatives   1,127,868 1,484,541 1,273,017 845,143 651,865

Summary of Financial Activity

  2016/17 2017/18 2018/19 2019/20 2020/21 2021/22 2022/23 2023/24 2024/25
  Actual
$000
Actual
$000
Actual
$000
Actual
$000
Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated
Actual
$000
Departmental
Transactions
Budget
$000
Non-
Departmental
Transactions
Budget
$000
Total
Budget
$000
Estimated
$000
Estimated
$000
Estimated
$000

Appropriations

                       
Output Expenses 3,699,206 3,897,511 4,055,300 4,253,353 4,424,991 4,419,991 1,983,687 2,563,871 4,547,558 4,686,749 4,750,794 4,809,853
Benefits or Related Expenses 34,354 38,147 37,883 42,634 53,748 53,748 N/A 53,773 53,773 56,705 56,256 56,134
Borrowing Expenses - - - - - - - - - - - -
Other Expenses 65,206 71,517 77,374 80,074 136,064 130,064 - 102,123 102,123 102,123 74,283 74,283
Capital Expenditure 966,007 1,030,141 1,077,700 1,145,528 1,452,008 1,450,328 1,869,680 55,235 1,924,915 1,424,529 1,167,001 994,519
Intelligence and Security Department Expenses and Capital Expenditure - - - - - - - N/A - - - -
Multi-Category Expenses and Capital Expenditure (MCA)                        
Output Expenses 6,329,976 6,553,093 6,887,517 7,457,962 8,711,999 8,711,999 791,938 7,961,163 8,753,101 8,677,825 8,597,855 8,359,063
Other Expenses - - - - - - - - - - - -
Capital Expenditure - - - 6,418 - - N/A - - - - -

Total Appropriations

11,094,749 11,590,409 12,135,774 12,985,969 14,778,810 14,766,130 4,645,305 10,736,165 15,381,470 14,947,931 14,646,189 14,293,852

Crown Revenue and Capital Receipts

                       
Tax Revenue - - - - - - N/A - - - - -
Non-Tax Revenue 6,603 4,296 7,219 6,382 4,965 4,965 N/A 4,965 4,965 4,965 4,965 4,965
Capital Receipts - - - - - - N/A - - - - -

Total Crown Revenue and Capital Receipts

6,603 4,296 7,219 6,382 4,965 4,965 N/A 4,965 4,965 4,965 4,965 4,965

Note - where restructuring of the vote has occurred then, to the extent practicable, prior years information has been restated as if the restructuring had occurred before the beginning of the period covered. In this instance Total Appropriations for the Budgeted and Estimated Actual year may not equal Total Annual Appropriations and Forecast Permanent Appropriations and Multi-Year Appropriations in the Details of Appropriations and Capital Injections.

Adjustments to the Summary of Financial Activity Table Due to Vote Restructuring

  2016/17
Adjustments
$000
2017/18
Adjustments
$000
2018/19
Adjustments
$000
2019/20
Adjustments
$000
2020/21
Final Budgeted
Adjustments
$000
2020/21
Estimated
Actual
Adjustments
$000

Appropriations

           
Output Expenses - 3,008 3,008 3,008 3,008 3,008
Benefits or Related Expenses - - - - - -
Borrowing Expenses - - - - - -
Other Expenses - - - - - -
Capital Expenditure - - - - - -
Intelligence and Security Department Expenses and Capital Expenditure - - - - - -
Multi-Category Expenses and Capital Expenditure (MCA)            

Output Expenses

-

(3,008)

(3,008)

(3,008)

(3,008)

(3,008)

Other Expenses

-

-

-

-

-

-

Capital Expenditure

- - - - - -

Total Appropriations

- - - - - -
Crown Revenue and Capital Receipts            
Tax Revenue - - - - - -
Non-Tax Revenue - - - - - -
Capital Receipts - - - - - -

Total Crown Revenue and Capital Receipts

- - - - - -

The prior year information in the Summary of Financial Activity table has been restated to reflect the current Vote structure.

Significant changes in departmental and non-departmental appropriations related to early childhood education and schooling between 2016/17 and 2024/25 are discussed briefly below.

Departmental Expenditure

The largest component of departmental output expenditure relates to the provision of school land and buildings, including capital charge, depreciation and Public Private Partnership contractual payments. The major changes here relate to movements in the value of the property portfolio after additional government investment in schools, the annual revaluation of the portfolio and property disposals. There are also increased costs related to delivering a more extensive works programme and managing a growing property portfolio. In 2020/21, the capital charge rate was reduced from 6% to 5% from 1 July 2020.

Other significant changes to departmental funding include:

  • increased provision for services for students with learning support needs, including provision for teacher aides, and additional in-class support, Intensive Wraparound Services, adjustments to funding levels for the Ongoing Resourcing Scheme (ORS), School High Health Needs Fund, teacher aides and other supports (both for price and volume changes) and settlements for related collective agreements
  • the development of various systems, such as an education-wide funding system, and initiatives to support the implementation of a managed network for all schools and support for the design and delivery of curriculum resources for students and teachers in Maori language in education provision, in particular Maori-medium education
  • provision for improving and accelerating education outcomes for Pacific learners to ensure they and their families have their identities, languages and cultures valued and respected and have the skills, knowledge, and equitable opportunities to pursue any education pathway
  • support for the implementation of Communities of Learning | Kahui Ako that peaked in 2017/18 and 2018/19
  • provision for improving data quality, availability and timeliness which will enable the education system to know about the people in its care and how best to position services in a timely and efficient manner, and that will address the needs of each learner and their community and whanau
  • expanding and extending the Ka Ora, Ka Ako | Healthy School Lunches programme
  • initiatives for raising the profile of and strengthening the pipeline into vocational education
  • supporting the maintenance of services through capital operating swaps, procurement efficiency savings and occasional transfers from non-departmental programmes
  • delivery of the extensive education work programme
  • provision for the cost of establishing, designing and implementing the required changes to ensure that the schools payroll service is compliant with Holidays Act 2003 legislation (and assessing and remediating any resulting liability), as well as assessing and negotiating a range of pay equity claims and implementing resulting settlements
  • provision for current and former Ministry staff who have not been paid in accordance with the requirements of the Holidays Act 2003
  • support for the implementation of changes in the Education and Training Act 2020 to deliver increased student achievement
  • implementation and delivery of the Targeted Support for Pacific Learners and Families package which covers brokerage support, Pacific Education innovation fund, support for Pacific Early Learning Centres, Tautai o le Moana and translation of materials into 10 Pacific languages
  • funding for access to sanitary products in schools and kura
  • funding to redevelop the National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) qualifications, ensuring 150,000 students who study NCEA every year have the appropriate skills and knowledge to seek further education or employment, either in New Zealand or overseas
  • initial funding towards fulfilling the Government's manifesto commitment to replace the current decile system with the Equity Index from the 2023 school year
  • funding for the first year of a multi-year investment to reform the Tomorrow's Schools model
  • increasing the funding to maintain the Ministry's current level of service in managing the school property portfolio
  • provision to maintain Learning Support services for the most vulnerable akonga/learners in the face of rising costs of wages and inflation, and
  • funding from the COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund 
    • to support Maori learners and whanau to reconnect with education services following COVID-19 to ensure they access the full range of education and wellbeing services and achieve successful outcomes
    • to increase wellbeing and mental health supports, including guidance counselling and the Urgent Response Fund, in alignment with the government priority focus on mental health.

Departmental output expense appropriations Interventions for Target Student Groups and Support and Resources for Teachers were moved to multi-category appropriations from 2016/17, and Stewardship of the Education System and Policy Advice were moved to another multi-category appropriation from 2017/18. Support and Resources for Education Providers was moved to the Primary and Secondary Education MCA from 2020/21.

Departmental Capital Expenditure

Most capital expenditure by the Ministry of Education relates to the State school property portfolio, either through school projects or projects managed by the Ministry. Movements between years mainly relate to factors such as site purchases and the timing of new schools' roll-growth classrooms and redevelopment projects. There is also an ongoing focus on expenditure in Christchurch to remediate damage from the 2010 and 2011 earthquakes and reflect demographic change. Also included is expenditure on school Information and Communications Technology (ICT) network upgrades (including broadband), as well as the development of information systems.

Capital Injections

Additional capital provided to the Ministry over the period mainly relates to the expansion and upgrading of the school property portfolio (including the School Investment Package and National Education Growth Plan), the Christchurch Schools' Rebuild Programme, and repayment of service concession liabilities to the private sector partners for schools built under Public Private Partnerships. Also reflected is provision for energy efficiency initiatives in schools, the development and upgrade of information systems such as the Education Resourcing System, and to address learners' needs by improving data quality, availability, timeliness and capability, the establishment of the Learning Support Coordinator roles in State and State-integrated schools, the introduction of the decarbonisation programme replacing coal boilers in schools, growth in existing and new schools, delivery of Maori-medium education, and reform of the Tomorrow's Schools system.

Non-Departmental Outputs

From 2018/19, most non-departmental other expense appropriations and categories under multi-category appropriations were reclassified as non-departmental output expenses, including Early Childhood Education, Primary Education, Secondary Education and Learning Support (under the Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA).

From 2020/21, the largest appropriations in the Vote (Primary Education and Secondary Education) have been combined under Primary and Secondary Education MCA, together with secondary-tertiary interface and school risk management scheme funding.

From 2021/22, Contribution to the Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand, UNESCO and Education Research Initiatives under Oversight of the Education System MCA are combined under a new non-departmental output appropriation Contributions to Other Education-related Organisations. Learning Support and Service Academies categories under Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA are merged into a new category Learning Support and Alternative Education.

Changes in non-departmental output expenses are principally owing to a combination of:

  • roll-related increases in early childhood education sessional payments, as well as revised funding rates and increased provision for equity funding
  • roll-related increases in funding for schooling, including teacher salaries, as well as provision for improved operations funding rates for schools
  • the impact of wage settlements for teachers and principals (including the flow-on of these costs to the early childhood education sector), as well as changes to Accident Compensation Commission (ACC) rates and the take up of superannuation subsidies
  • provision for current and former school staff who have not been paid in accordance with the requirements of the Holidays Act 2003
  • the impact of pay equity settlements for school staff such as teacher aides, as well as a contribution toward the settlement of non-teaching staff collective agreements setting the current living wage as a minimum rate
  • funding for schools to replace parental donations to alleviate financial pressure on families who struggle to pay school donations, as well as benefiting eligible schools by providing greater certainty of revenue or increased revenue
  • provision to increase funding to employ ORS teacher aides for more hours to help with the transition back to school
  • initiatives addressing the consequences of the COVID-19 lockdown, initially in 2019/20 and 2020/21, including ensuring the availability of childcare for the children of essential workers and providing some students with access to online teaching and learning
  • continuing the supply of digital devices and applications to principals and teachers to provide online learning opportunities to akonga/learners as the sector manages through COVID-19
  • other initiatives in the schooling sector, including provision for English for Speakers of Other Languages, and Youth Guarantee services, with reallocations from Youth Guarantee funding (in Vote Tertiary Education) for additional Trades Academy places
  • funding from 2019/20 to address staffing cost pressures for Kohanga Reo, in the context of helping to respond to and resolve the Wai 2336 Kohanga Reo claim findings
  • restarting Te Kotahitanga to supporting equitable outcomes for Maori learners by addressing cultural bias and racism in the education system (Te Hurihanganui) and supporting whanau to engage in the education of Maori learners (Mana Whanau)
  • support for the implementation of Communities of Learning | Kahui Ako from 2015 through to 2019/20 when the numbers of these communities stabilise
  • implementing a Free and Healthy School Lunch prototype for Year 1 to 8 students
  • steady growth in the demand for (and costs of) school transport services, partly offset by efficiency savings identified in 2015/16 and 2016/17
  • introduction of new Learning Support Coordinator roles from 2019/20, as well as bolstering the support for other interventions for children and young people with learning support needs, including maintaining the level of funding in light of growing student numbers
  • support for the Teaching Council (previously Education Council) of Aotearoa New Zealand through to 2021/22 to deliver its new functions under the Education Amendment Act 2015 and transition to an annual practising certificate fee
  • various initiatives to continue to increase the levels of teacher supply for the future, complemented by initiatives in Vote Tertiary Education
  • support for New Zealand Qualifications Authority development of National Certificate of Educational Achievement Online (NCEA Online) for the delivery and roll out of digital assessments and learning, as well as the removal of the NCEA assessment fee for all students
  • the impact of reprioritisation decisions and other efficiencies, including improving the cost-effectiveness of professional learning and development from 2016/17
  • provision for the Home Interaction Programme for Parents and Youngsters moved from Vote Social Development from 2016/17
  • the transfer of career services functions to Vote Tertiary Education (Tertiary Education Commission) from 2017/18
  • provision for a Teacher-Led Innovation Fund from 2015/16 to 2019/20, and
  • funding from the COVID-19 Response and Recovery Fund
    • to reinstate a higher funding band for teacher-led, centre-based services (kindergartens and education and care centres) that employ a 100% qualified and certificated teaching workforce to improve the quality and frequency of teacher-child interactions, and lead to better learning and developmental outcomes for children in services employing a 100% certificated workforce
    • for State and State-integrated schools to manage the immediate financial pressures of COVID-19 in 2020/21 such as cleaning and sanitation costs, additional staff to support small schools, and relief teachers
    • to increase wellbeing and mental health supports, including guidance counselling and the Urgent Response Fund, in alignment with the government priority focus on mental health
    • to expand the Free and Healthy School Lunch Programme to relieve food insecurity and improve educational outcomes for students, which will help cushion the blow of COVID-19's impact on students in already socio-economically disadvantaged households
    • to improve the sustainability, capacity and capability of Kohanga Reo, to revitalise Te Reo Maori and help integrate it into the daily learning of every child and young person across early childhood, primary and intermediate levels by 2025 ensuring progress to date is not lost during the impacts of COVID-19
    • to address cost pressures in 2020/21 arising from the urgent need for an increase in teacher aide hours for more than 10,000 high and very high needs student in the ORS ensuring learners with additional needs are supported through any disruption caused by COVID-19.

Non-departmental output expense appropriations Professional Development and Support, Curriculum Support, Students Attendance and Engagement, and Service Academies were moved to multi-category appropriations from 2016/17. The Education Research Initiatives and the Independent Advice on Government Priority Area component of the Provision of Information and Advisory Services appropriation (subsequently disestablished) also moved to a multi-category appropriation from 2017/18. A new multi-category appropriation called Oversight and Administration of the Qualifications System MCA was created from 2018/19 comprising the functions and activities of the New Zealand Qualifications Authority across several output appropriations.

Benefits or Related Expenses

From 2018/19, most Benefits or Related Expenses appropriations were consolidated under two separate appropriations, Scholarships and Awards for Students and Scholarships and Awards for Teachers and Trainees. The major differences from then relate to the settlements of teachers' collective agreements, teacher supply initiatives and the establishment of the Prime Minister's Vocational Excellence Awards.

Non-Departmental Other Expenses

Non-departmental other expenses comprised the majority of funding in Vote Education until 2018/19 when most of these appropriations or categories under multi-category appropriations were reclassified as non-departmental output expenses, including Early Childhood Education, Primary Education, Secondary Education and Learning Support. Discussion of changes to baselines under these appropriations over the forecast period is therefore reflected under non-departmental output expenses above.

Of the remaining other expense appropriations, the major changes relate to:

  • provision for increased property grants due to changes in State-integrated school rolls and movement in the value of the State school property portfolio
  • contributions to the cost of new State-integrated schools or additional classrooms, including from the removal of the charter schools model
  • provision to upgrade learning environments at eligible State-integrated schools across New Zealand
  • recognition of the impact of past education policy changes on property-related costs at State-integrated schools, as well as provision for the seismic strengthening of buildings in greater Christchurch, and
  • provision for occasional impairment and balance sheet adjustments.

A new non-departmental other expense appropriation Education Providers with COVID-19 Related Losses of Income was established in 2019/20 to provide the wage subsidy for school hostel employees, to support early learning services in lieu of the childcare subsidy and to meet the cost pressures arising from a sudden decrease in international student revenue resulting from the impact of COVID-19.

Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure

The major changes in non-departmental capital expenditure over the period relate to provision for furniture and equipment for new school buildings, including funding for broadband initiatives and school network upgrades. Other significant changes include:

  • a loan for the sustainability of the payroll over 2018/19 to 2020/21, and
  • provision for the New Zealand Qualifications Authority to implement and roll out NCEA Online.

1.4 - Reconciliation of Changes in Appropriation Structure#

    Old Structure New Structure
2020/21 Appropriations
in the 2020/21 Structure
2020/21
(Current)
$000
Appropriations to which
Expenses (or Capital
Expenditure) have been Moved from or to
Amount
Moved
$000
2020/21 Appropriations
in the 2021/22 Structure
2020/21
(Restated)
$000
2021/22
$000

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

 

 

 

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

   
Contribution to the Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand 12,157 Transferred to Contributions to Other Education-related Organisations (12,157)      
UNESCO 2,083 Transferred to Contributions to Other Education-related Organisations (2,083)      

Multi-Category Expenses and Capital Expenditure

           
Oversight of the Education System MCA            

Non-Departmental Output Expense

           
Education Research Initiatives 3,008 Transferred to Contributions to Other Education-related Organisations (3,008)      
    Transferred from Contributions to the Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand 12,157 Contributions to Other Education-related Organisations 17,248 11,748
    Transferred from UNESCO 2,083      
    Transferred from Education Research Initiatives 3,008      

Multi-Category Expenses and Capital Expenditure

 

 

 

Multi-Category Expenses and Capital Expenditure

   
Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA       Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA    

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

 

 

 

Non-Departmental Output Expense

   
Learning Support 650,813 Transferred to Learning Support and Alternative Education, a new category of Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA (650,813)      
Service Academies 3,785 Transferred to Learning Support and Alternative Education, a new category of Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA (3,785)      
    Transferred from Learning Support 650,813 Learning Support and Alternative Education 654,598 655,295
    Transferred from Service Academies 3,785      
Total Changes in Appropriations 671,846   -   671,846 667,043

From 2021/22 non-departmental output expenses Contribution to the Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand, UNESCO and Education Research Initiatives under Oversight of the Education System MCA are combined under a new appropriation Contributions to Other Education-related Organisations. Also, under Outcomes for Target Student Groups MCA the non-departmental output expense categories Learning Support and Service Academies are merged into a single category Learning Support and Alternative Education.

Explanations of the reasons for changing the appropriation structure are noted in the details of each appropriation in Parts 2-4.

Part 2 - Details of Departmental Appropriations#

2.1 - Departmental Output Expenses#

School Property Portfolio Management (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to support and advice for schools on property issues; managing and supporting the purchase and construction of new property; and upgrades to existing property and disposal of surplus property; managing teacher and caretaker housing; and other services provided by the Ministry of Education in its stewardship of the land, buildings and other facilities that comprise the State school sector property portfolio.
Expenses and Revenue
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 1,919,823 1,914,823 1,967,859
Revenue from the Crown 1,906,486 1,906,486 1,928,673
Revenue from Others 55,231 128,447 3,186
Components of the Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Capital Charge 971,776 971,776 1,022,666
Depreciation 716,702 716,702 732,333
Finance Costs 65,413 65,413 87,186
Management of the School Sector Property Portfolio 165,932 160,932 125,674

Total

1,919,823

1,914,823

1,967,859

What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to achieve a well-managed, sustainable (socially, environmentally and economically) and equitable school sector property portfolio that delivers quality learning environments.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

The Ministry is seen as a high-quality property manager for government as measured by the Asset Management maturity index for the school property portfolio (see Note 1)

75%-80% 75%-80% 75%-80%

Percentage of State schools that meet the Ministry's property-related utilisation standards (see Note 2)

Baseline year 64% 64%

Percentage of State schools that meet the Ministry's property-related condition standards (see Note 3)

Baseline year 70% 70%

Percentage of State schools that meet the Ministry's property-related functionality standards (see Note 4)

Baseline year 75% 75%

Percentage of the additional teaching spaces forecast delivered (see Note 5)

New measure New measure 80%

The following information is an indication of expected numbers and is provided for context only.

  2020/21 2020/21 2021/22
Output Indicator Forecast Estimated Actual Forecast
Number of additional teaching spaces delivered (see Note 6) New indicator 350-450 350-500

Note 1 - The Asset Management maturity index scale is 0-20% Aware, 20-40% Minimum, 40-60% Core, 60-80% Intermediate and 80-100% Advanced on the index criteria established by the Treasury.

Note 2 - Running the large school property portfolio is expensive and good utilisation performance helps to minimise this cost and maximise the effectiveness of education delivery. The Ministry's school property-related utilisation standards aim to get schools operating at between 50% and 105% of their roll capacity. This measure considers the relationship between schools' annual July student roll returns and their respective roll capacity, which is determined from the total net area available in schools for teaching and non-teaching use. The standard recognises that below 50% there is likely to be excess capacity, which may be inefficient to operate or may be expensive to remove, and above 105% there may be a need for additional capacity to be built or the demand managed. When a school is identified as being above 105% the Ministry would have clear plans in place for the best way to help address the capacity needs of the school through various demand and supply management responses - for example, there may be new capacity already in development, or rolls may be expected to decline. This measure is forecast to cover approximately 95% to 100% of all State schools by June 2021.

Note 3 - Maintaining appropriate condition performance helps to minimise expensive asset failures and supports the effectiveness of education delivery. The Ministry's school property-related condition standards aim to get schools operating at a moderate ("5") or better condition rating for their school buildings. Each school building is condition-assessed using an industry-standard condition framework during each school's annual property visit, and performance is separately assessed for components of each building (eg, roof, building fabric, and fitout). A school-wide aggregated rating is then determined based on weightings that reflect the relative importance of components of building condition and the built-area of those buildings. The aggregated rating needs to be at least "5" on the 10-point rating scale, which runs from "1" (very poor) to "10" (very good), and where "5" means "moderate". This measure is forecast to cover approximately 90% of all State schools by June 2021.

Note 4 - Maintaining appropriate functionality (fitness for purpose) performance helps to support the effectiveness of education delivery. The Ministry's school property-related functionality standards aim to get schools operating at a moderate ("5") or better functionality rating. Performance against this standard is based on assessments conducted as part of schools' five-yearly property planning process. Schools use the School Evaluation of the Physical Environment (SEPE) tool to self-assess and rate aspects of their school site and school buildings. In some cases, data from internal environment sensors will supplement these self-assessments. A school-wide aggregated rating is then determined based on weightings that reflect site functionality, and the usability and comfort of school buildings. The aggregated rating needs to be at least "5" on the 10-point functionality rating scale, which runs from "1" (very poor) to "10" (very good) and where "5" means "moderate". This measure is forecast to cover about 20% of all State schools by June 2021 while the SEPE tool is being implemented, but coverage will increase to 100% by June 2025.

Note 5 - This includes all teaching spaces which have expanded/ been added to the Ministry's school property portfolio, regardless of funding source, project type or delivery method, and permanent or temporary nature, for State schools.

Note 6 - The Ministry's planning and response to roll growth involves several Ministry teams. It is a multi-year process, from initial identification of the need for more teaching spaces to the actual construction of teaching spaces (buildings). Hence the total number of teaching spaces required to be delivered changes from year to year.

End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Ministry of Education in its annual report.

Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Christchurch Schools' Rebuild Programme 2021/22 - 2,700 4,800 4,800 4,800
Funding the Next Phase of the National Education Growth Plan 2021/22 - 4,659 10,968 13,893 15,671
Meeting the Operational Costs of a Growing School Property Portfolio 2021/22 - 11,250 11,250 11,250 11,250
Property Funding to Build and Expand Schools Delivering Maori Medium Education 2021/22 - 1,018 2,230 4,620 6,297
Purchasing Land for New Schools 2021/22 - 2,125 4,250 4,250 4,250
Reform of the Tomorrow's Schools System 2021/22 - 8,129 8,707 8,769 8,827
Supporting School Property Redevelopments 2021/22 - 2,813 8,438 11,250 11,250
Supporting the Co-location of Marlborough Boys' and Girls' Colleges and the Relocation of Bohally Intermediate 2021/22 - 158 315 315 315
Drawdown from Addressing Supplier Contractual Obligations Arising from COVID-19 Contingency 2020/21 4,289 - - - -
Drawdown of Capital and Operating Funding for Learning Support Coordinators (adjusted for reduced capital charge rate) 2020/21 713 3,597 5,768 6,518 6,518
Education Holidays Act Remediation Payments 2020/21 5,525 - - - -
National Education Growth Plan: Drawdown of Wave 2 2020/21 948 3,976 11,994 11,994 11,994
Network-as-a-Service and Cybersecurity for Schools 2020/21 5,793 7,249 7,470 6,970 6,970
Christchurch Schools' Rebuild Programme 2020/21 3,690 7,370 7,370 7,370 7,370
Managing Growth at Public Private Partnership Schools 2020/21 6,280 8,452 8,392 8,369 8,369
Support State Sector Decarbonisation to Deliver Low Emissions Energy Investments 2020/21 1,325 1,752 2,944 3,861 3,861
Supporting the Education Infrastructure Service 2020/21 15,000 - - - -
School Investment Package 2019/20 11,780 25,930 34,000 34,000 34,000
School Property Programme to Deliver the National Education Growth Plan 2019/20 6,192 10,984 16,796 16,796 16,796
Christchurch Schools Rebuild 2019/20 5,923 5,923 5,923 5,923 5,923
Improving the Condition of School Property 2019/20 4,920 4,920 4,920 4,620 4,620
Providing the Education Infrastructure Service with Sustainable Funding 2019/20 15,000 15,000 16,000 16,000 16,000
Schools Energy Efficiency Package 2019/20 1,924 1,156 1,439 1,530 1,530
Increased Settlement Services 2018/19 487 487 487 487 487
Removal of Charter Schools 2018/19 350 - - - -
Christchurch Schools Rebuild 2018/19 4,803 4,803 4,803 4,803 4,803
School Growth Package 2018/19 15,638 23,769 23,769 23,769 23,769

Previous National-led Government

           
New Zealand Schools Third Public Private Partnership Procurement Outcome and Adjustments to Appropriations 2018/19 (9,725) (9,051) (8,340) (8,982) (8,982)
Schools Growth Package 2017/18 29,205 31,066 31,066 31,066 31,066
Investing in Information and Communications Technology 2017/18 93 93 93 93 93
Reasons for Change in Appropriation

The $48.036 million increase in this appropriation for 2021/22 is mainly due to:

  • increased provision for capital charge and depreciation associated with the school property growth package and changes to forecast capital expenditure ($19.213 million)
  • increased provision to cover the capital charge and depreciation costs required to implement the School Investment Package ($14.150 million), and
  • increased funding for the next phase of the National Education Growth Plan for school property ($12.479 million).

Services to Other Agencies RDA (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to the provision of services by the Ministry of Education to government departments and other agencies where those services are not within the scope of another departmental output expense appropriation in Vote Education.
Expenses and Revenue
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 4,950 4,950 1,800
Revenue from Others 4,950 4,950 1,800
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to provide support services to government departments and other government or education agencies, on a cost-recovery basis, including office accommodation and related services, and information technology management and development services.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements

An exemption was granted under section 15D(1) of the Public Finance Act 1989, as the appropriation relates exclusively to outputs supplied by a department to one or more other departments.

Support and Resources for Parents and the Community (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to expenditure on support focused on increasing informed engagement by families and communities in their children's educational outcomes.
Expenses and Revenue
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 15,175 15,175 14,028
Revenue from the Crown 15,165 15,165 14,018
Revenue from Others 10 10 10
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to provide targeted information and support focused on creating informed demand and engagement by whanau, hapu, iwi, Maori, families and communities in education, and enabling them to support their children's learning.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Percentage of families receiving targeted information and support who, after receipt of such support, report that they are more confident and better equipped to support their children's learning and make informed decisions about learning pathways (see Note 1)

80% 80% 80%

Number of times education engagement toolkits and guided resources were accessed (see Note 2)

Baseline year Baseline year Maintain and improve

Note 1 - This measure covers parents and families participating in the Talanoa Ako programme. This is a 10-week Pacific parent education programme that aims to equip and empower parents, families and communities with the skills, knowledge and confidence they need to champion their children's education.

Note 2 - Target groups for these toolkits and guided resources include Pacific parents and families (including those not part of Talanoa Ako) and all schools, parents and whanau.

End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Ministry of Education in its annual report.

Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Expanding Reading Together Te Panui Ngatahi Partnerships and Duffy Books in Homes 2021/22 - 528 539 551 562
Continuing Action to Improve Social Inclusion 2020/21 100 - - - -
Education Holidays Act Remediation Payments 2020/21 325 - - - -
Supporting Maori Learners and Te Reo Maori Post COVID-19 2020/21 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000 2,000
Drawdown Early Years Violence Prevention Sites Contingency for You Matter to Us Initiative 2019/20 1,729 1,729 1,729 1,729 1,729

Previous National-led Government

           
Investing in Information and Communications Technology 2017/18 29 29 29 29 29

2.3 - Departmental Capital Expenditure and Capital Injections#

Ministry of Education - Capital Expenditure PLA (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to the purchase or development of assets by and for the use of the Ministry of Education, as authorised by section 24(1) of the Public Finance Act 1989.
Capital Expenditure
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Forests/Agricultural - - -
Land 69,098 69,098 80,000
Property, Plant and Equipment 1,297,045 1,297,045 1,767,680
Intangibles 27,985 27,985 22,000
Other - - -

Total Appropriation

1,394,128 1,394,128 1,869,680
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to provide assets that support the delivery of the Ministry of Education's services, and for schools to deliver their educational responsibilities, including new assets, and renewal and replacement of life-expired assets for the school sector property portfolio.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Percentage of State schools that meet the Ministry's property-related utilisation standards (see Note 1)

Baseline year 64% 64%

Percentage of State schools that meet the Ministry's property-related condition standards (see Note 2)

Baseline year 70% 70%

Percentage of State schools that meet the Ministry's property-related functionality standards (see Note 3)

Baseline year 75% 75%

Note 1 - Running the large school property portfolio is expensive and good utilisation performance helps to minimise this cost and maximise the effectiveness of education delivery. The Ministry's school property-related utilisation standards aim to get schools operating at between 50% and 105% of their roll capacity. This measure considers the relationship between schools' annual July student roll returns and their respective roll capacity, which is determined from the total net area available in schools for teaching and non-teaching use. The standard recognises that below 50% there is likely to be excess capacity, which may be inefficient to operate or may be expensive to remove, and above 105% there may be a need for additional capacity to be built or the demand managed. When a school is identified as being above 105% the Ministry would have clear plans in place for the best way to help address the capacity needs of the school through various demand and supply management responses - for example, there may be new capacity already in development, or rolls may be expected to decline. This measure is forecast to cover approximately 95% to 100% of all State schools by June 2021.

Note 2 - Maintaining appropriate condition performance helps to minimise expensive asset failures and supports the effectiveness of education delivery. The Ministry's school property-related condition standards aim to get schools operating at a moderate ("5") or better condition rating for their school buildings. Each school building is condition-assessed using an industry-standard condition framework during each school's annual property visit, and performance is separately assessed for components of each building (eg, roof, building fabric, and fitout). A school-wide aggregated rating is then determined based on weightings that reflect the relative importance of components of building condition and the built-area of those buildings. The aggregated rating needs to be at least "5" on the 10-point industry-standard rating scale, which runs from "1" (very poor) to "10" (very good), and where "5" means "moderate". This measure is forecast to cover approximately 90% of all State schools by June 2021.

Note 3 - Maintaining appropriate functionality (fitness for purpose) performance helps to support the effectiveness of education delivery. The Ministry's school property-related functionality standards aim to get schools operating at a moderate ("5") or better functionality rating. Performance against this standard is based on assessments conducted as part of schools' five-yearly property planning process. Schools use the School Evaluation of the Physical Environment (SEPE) tool to self-assess and rate aspects of their school site and school buildings. In some cases, data from internal environment sensors will supplement these self-assessments. A school-wide aggregated rating is then determined based on weightings that reflect site functionality, and the usability and comfort of school buildings. The aggregated rating needs to be at least "5" on the 10-point functionality rating scale, which runs from "1" (very poor) to "10" (very good) and where "5" means "moderate". This measure is forecast to cover about 20% of all State schools by June 2021 while the SEPE tool is being implemented, but coverage will increase to 100% by June 2025.

End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Ministry of Education in its annual report.

Reasons for Change in Appropriation

The $475.552 million increase in this appropriation for 2021/22 is mainly due to:

  • year-to-year variations in capital expenditure for ongoing school property works programmes for the replacement, redevelopment and expansion of the school property portfolio in the National Education Growth Plan supported by capital injections
  • continuation of the Christchurch Schools Rebuild Programme, State sector decarbonisation programme replacing boilers in schools, and school property energy efficiency improvements programme
  • implementation of school property works programmes initiatives to improve assets to accommodate students with learning support needs and improve classrooms in up to 600 small and remote State schools, and
  • introduction of an annual cap on land acquisition for schools of $80 million from 2021/22.
Capital Injections and Movements in Departmental Net Assets
Ministry of Education
Details of Net Asset Schedule 2020/21
Estimated Actual
$000
2021/22
Projected
$000
Explanation of Projected Movements in 2021/22
Opening Balance 19,550,829 20,398,256  
Capital Injections 791,221 1,176,389 Roll-growth classrooms ($359.858 million), construction of new schools ($265.136 million), Five-Year Agreement capital funding for school property for State schools ($190 million), land reimbursement for new schools ($85 million), meeting cost increases in legacy school property redevelopment projects ($75 million), expansion of Learning Support services ($59.056 million), the Christchurch Schools Rebuild Programme ($56 million), school property State sector decarbonisation initiatives ($19.880 million), funding requirements for schools procured under Public Private Partnerships ($14.044 million), development of the Education Resourcing System ($12.018 million), reform of the Tomorrow's Schools System including establishing the Education Service Agency ($11.553 million), additional non-teaching space ($9.062 million), supporting the co-location of Marlborough Boys and Girls Colleges and relocation of Bohally Intermediate ($6.300 million), expanding capacity of the Ministry (facilities and ICT) to deliver a number of sundry Budget 2021 initiatives ($4.751 million), implementing the Equity Index in schools and kura as a replacement for deciles from 2023 ($3.096 million), adding functionality and identity records to the Education Sector Logon system for secondary schools students so that they can sit NCEA Online securely ($2.550 million), school property energy efficiency improvements ($2 million), building an IT system to support delivery of the Ka Ora, Ka Ako | Healthy School Lunch Programme ($964,000), and implementing the NCEA Change Programme ($121,000).
Capital Withdrawals (14,124) (1,525) Decisions to procure new schools under Public Private Partnership contracts rather than through traditional procurement process.
Surplus to be Retained (Deficit Incurred) 70,330 (41,573) Unfunded depreciation expense increase as a result of 30 June 2020 upward revaluation of school buildings & teacher housing ($36 million deficit), and net unrealised loss on interest rate swap derivatives with New Zealand Debt Management Office ($5.573 million deficit).
Other Movements - -  

Closing Balance

20,398,256 21,531,547  

Part 3 - Details of Non-Departmental Appropriations#

3.1 - Non-Departmental Output Expenses#

Contributions to Other Education-related Organisations (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to contributions to the services provided by education-related organisations that benefit the New Zealand education system and fulfil obligations to the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO).
Expenses
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation - - 11,748
Components of the Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
New Zealand Council for Educational Research 1,452 1,452 1,452
Teaching and Learning Research Initiative 1,556 1,556 1,556
Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand 12,157 12,157 6,657
UNESCO 2,083 2,083 2,083

Total

17,248

17,248

11,748

Comparators for Restructured Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
Vote, Type and Title of Appropriation Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Vote Education: Non-Departmental Output Expense: Contribution to the Teaching Council of Aoteroa New Zealand 12,157 12,157 -
Vote Education: Non-Departmental Output Expense: Education Research Initiatives 3,008 3,008 -
Vote Education: Non-Departmental Output Expense: UNESCO 2,083 2,083 -

Total

17,248

17,248

11,748

What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to provide services to teachers, administrators and institutions that benefit the New Zealand education system, as well as support UNESCO-related activities.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

System availability to teachers of the Teaching Council's online teacher portal Hapori Matatu

New measure New measure 98%

The percentage of users who find using Hapori Matatu very easy or easy to use (see Note 1)

New measure New measure 65%

The New Zealand Council for Education Research provides quarterly and annual updates of progress on research initiatives funded through their government grant, Te Pae Tawhiti

New measure New measure Achieved

Note 1 - This is measured on a five point scale: 1 = Very Hard to Use; 2 = Hard to Use; 3 = Neither Easy or Hard to Use, 4 = Easy to Use; and 5 = Very Easy to Use.

End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Minister of Education in a report appended to the Ministry of Education's annual report.

Service Providers
Provider 2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2020/21
Estimated Actual
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
Expiry of
Resourcing
Commitment

Non-Government Organisations

       
New Zealand Council for Educational Research 3,008 3,008 3,008 Ongoing
Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand 12,157 12,157 6,657 Ongoing
UNESCO National Commission 533 533 553 Ongoing
UNESCO International Body 1,530 1,530 1,530 Ongoing

Total

17,228

17,228

11,748

 
Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Supporting the Teaching Council to Transition to an Annual Practising Certificate Fee 2020/21 11,000 5,500 - - -
Reasons for Change in Appropriation

This is new appropriation in 2021/22 of $11.748 million created by combining non-departmental output expenses Contribution to the Teaching Council of Aotearoa New Zealand, UNESCO and Oversight of the Education System MCA: Education Research Initiatives. The reorganisation of appropriations for 2021/22 is also set out in Part 1.4 - Reconciliation of Changes in Appropriation Structure.

The $5.500 million decrease in this appropriation for 2021/22 compared to equivalent appropriations in 2020/21 is due to the Teaching Council no longer receiving funding that supported the transition to an annual practising certificate fee.

Conditions on Use of Appropriation
Reference Conditions
Constitution of the New Zealand National Commission for UNESCO, Article 7(ii) Provide funding for New Zealand's annual subscription to UNESCO, the National Commission's programme activities and the National Commission's operating costs, including its participation in UNESCO's biennial General Conference and other UNESCO meetings.

Early Learning (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to subsidising delivery of early learning services for children under six years of age by licensed and certificated services, and the provision of related funds to such services.
Expenses
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 2,157,324 2,157,324 2,261,481
Components of the Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
20 Hours Early Childhood Education 1,143,065 1,143,065 1,211,181
Licensed Early Childhood Education (2 and Over) 498,044 498,044 527,053
Licensed Early Childhood Education (Under 2) 409,814 409,814 424,785
Targeted Funding Pool 102,659 102,659 94,720
Licence-exempt Early Childhood Education 3,742 3,742 3,742

Total

2,157,324

2,157,324

2,261,481

What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to achieve access to early childhood education for all young children.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Percentage of licensed early learning services that are identified as being in breach of regulatory standards at that point in time (see Note 1)

2% or less 2% or less 2% or less

Percentage of children attending early learning services for 10 or more hours a week on average at age 3 and at age 4 (see Note 2):

     

All children:

     
  • at age 3
Maintain or improve 74.3% Maintain or Improve
  • at age 4
Maintain or improve 84.0% Maintain or improve

Maori:

     
  • at age 3
Improve 61.9% Improve
  • at age 4
Improve 68.3% Improve

Pacific:

     
  • at age 3
Improve 67.3% Improve
  • at age 4
Improve 73.6% Improve

Lower socio-economic status:

     
  • at age 3
Improve 65.8% Improve
  • at age 4
Improve 74.2% Improve

The following information is an indication of expected numbers and is provided for context only.

Output indicator Actual 2018/19 Actual 2019/20 Forecast 2020/21 Estimated Actual 2020/21 Forecast 2021/22
Subsidised hours provided by licensed and certificated early learning services:          
  • kindergartens
24.5 million 27.1 million 25-29 million 27 million 25-29 million
  • playcentres
2.0 million 2.4 million 2.4-2.8 million 2.3 million 2.4-2.8 million
  • education and care centres
143.3 million 160.8 million 144-145 million 160.8 million 144-145 million
  • home-based
20 million 20.1 million 24-25 million 20.1 million 24-25 million
  • te kohanga reo
9.7 million 10.9 million 10-11 million 10.9 million 10-11 million
  • certificated playgroups
1.4 million 1.1 million 1.5-2 million 1.1 million 1.5-2 million

Note 1 - Services not meeting standards are put on a provisional or suspended licence and an improvement plan is implemented. Licences are cancelled if expected improvements are not complied with within a maximum of 12 months.

Note 2 - These measures are based on Statistics New Zealand estimates of the total population of children aged 4 and 5 each year, and their participation intensity from Ministry records in the preceding year. It is assumed that 33% of children have addresses in low socio-economic areas. These measures do not include attendance from services that do not report their data through the Early Learning Information system, such as nga kohanga reo or playgroups.

End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Minister of Education in a report appended to the Ministry of Education's annual report.

Service Providers
Provider 2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2020/21
Estimated Actual
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
Expiry of
Resourcing
Commitment

Crown Entities

       
The Correspondence School 2,471 2,471 2,532 Ongoing

Non-Government Organisations

       
Education and Care Centres 1,664,316 1,664,316 1,741,524 Ongoing
Kindergarten 271,016 271,016 285,872 Ongoing
Playcentre 14,532 14,532 15,328 Ongoing
Home-based 119,864 119,864 126,434 Ongoing
Te Kohanga Reo 74,248 74,248 78,318 Ongoing
Community Action Groups 2,228 2,228 2,350 Ongoing
Playgroups 3,819 3,819 4,028 Ongoing
Non-Government Organisations, Iwi and Community Groups 3,239 3,239 3,417 Ongoing
Private Training Establishments 1,591 1,591 1,678 Ongoing

Total

2,157,324

2,157,324

2,261,481

 
Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Cost Adjustment for Early Childhood Education 2021/22 - 13,362 28,206 29,124 29,996
Cost Adjustment for Schools' Operational Grant 2021/22 - 7 15 15 15
Moving Towards Pay Parity for Teachers in Education and Care Services 2021/22 - 25,374 50,414 52,130 53,959
100% Qualified and Certificated Teachers 2020/21 12,193 64,068 89,645 112,295 112,295
Aligning the Premium for the 100% Certificated Teacher Rates 2020/21 (4,531) (2,015) 1,296 4,179 4,179
Childcare for Essential Workers at Alert Level 4 2020/21 15,000 - - - -
Cost Adjustment for Early Childhood Education Subsidies 2020/21 16,044 34,088 35,549 36,970 36,970
Cost Adjustment for Schools' Operational Grant 2020/21 7 13 13 13 13
Home-based ECE - Support for Educators to Become Qualified 2020/21 3,638 6,132 10,591 12,131 12,131
Improving Teacher Pay in Education and Care Services 2020/21 35,038 36,878 38,706 40,502 40,502
Maintaining Kohanga Reo Viability during the Post-COVID-19 Rebuilding Phase 2020/21 24,439 24,832 25,187 25,498 25,498
Reform of the Tomorrow's Schools System 2020/21 - 1,800 - - -
Supporting Kohanga Reo Cost Pressures 2020/21 22,555 23,118 23,626 24,071 24,071
Supporting Playcentre Sustainability 2020/21 762 768 771 772 772
Recent Settlements of Teachers' and Principals' Collective Agreements 2019/20 25,913 34,485 35,133 35,133 35,133
Addressing Regulated Wage Pressures in Early Learning 2019/20 769 808 847 847 847
Cost Adjustment for Subsidies for Early Learning and Schools' Operational Grant 2019/20 36,312 37,990 39,639 39,639 39,639
Home-Based Early Childhood Education 2018/19 666 694 694 694 694
Cost Adjustment for Early Childhood Education 2018/19 30,308 31,606 31,606 31,606 31,606
Cost Adjustment for Schools' Operational Grant 2018/19 15 15 15 15 15
Reprioritisation - Removing Underutilised ECE Participation Funds 2017/18 (1,513) (1,513) (1,513) (1,513) (1,513)

Previous National-led Government

           
Early Childhood Education - Targeted Funding for Disadvantage 2017/18 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000
Operational Grant Funding Increase for Schools 2017/18 12 12 12 12 12
Reasons for Change in Appropriation

The $104.157 million increase in this appropriation for 2021/22 is mainly due to:

  • a new initiative to reinstate a higher funding band for teacher-led, centre-based services (kindergartens and education and care centres) to employ a 100% qualified and certified teaching workforce ($54.391 million)
  • a new initiative towards moving qualified and certified teachers in education and care services closer towards pay parity with kindergarten teacher pay ($25.374 million), and
  • increased cost adjustments for early learning subsidies ($19.395 million).

School Managed Network Funding (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to supporting schools' purchase of a core package of managed network services from the provider of the managed network service.
Expenses
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 28,750 28,750 28,750
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to achieve equitable access to a secure managed network for schools.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Percentage of schools that are 'Satisfied' or 'Very Satisfied' with the service from the Network for Learning (N4L) ICT Service Desk.

New measure New measure 92%
End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by Network for Learning in its annual report.

Current and Past Policy Initiative
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Enabling Students to Access Online Teaching and Learning 2019/20 1,500 - - - -

School Transport (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to transporting eligible students to and from State and state integrated schools and associated facilities.
Expenses
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 225,339 225,339 218,242
Components of the Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Daily Services 109,073 109,073 112,330
Specialised School Transport Assistance 56,907 56,907 49,211
Directly Resourced Schools 40,672 40,672 40,081
Maori-Medium Schools 10,809 10,809 9,287
Technology Services 5,047 5,047 4,786
Conveyance Allowances 2,831 2,831 2,547

Total

225,339

225,339

218,242

What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to reduce barriers to learning by providing safe transportation for eligible students.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Percentage of journeys per annum completed without a safety incident, in the provision of transport options to eligible student

99.9% 99.9% 99.9%
End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Minister of Education in a report appended to the Ministry of Education's annual report.

Service Providers
Provider 2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2020/21
Estimated Actual
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
Expiry of
Resourcing
Commitment

Crown Entities

       
Directly Resourced Schools 40,672 40,672 40,081 Current agreements expire at the end of June 2022
Maori-Medium Schools 10,809 10,809 9,287 Ongoing

Non-Government Organisations

       
School Transport Daily Service Operators (approximately 61 providers, including 2 ferry providers) 109,073 109,073 112,330 Contracts expire at the end of December 2021
Special Education School Transport Operators (approximately 16 providers) 56,907 56,907 49,211 Most contracts expire in July 2026
School Transport Technology Service Operators (approximately 46 providers) 5,047 5,047 4,786 Contracts expire at the end of December 2021
Parents and Caregivers 2,831 2,831 2,547 Ongoing

Total

225,339

225,339

218,242

 
Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Funding for School Transport Contract 2021/22 4,389 3,292 - - -
Reasons for Change in Appropriation

The $7.097 million decrease in this appropriation for 2021/22 is due to:

  • lower forecast demand for special education transport services ($6 million), and
  • reduced funding for school transport contract ($1.097 million).

Schooling Improvement (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to school support and schooling improvement projects, including iwi-strengthening education projects, to improve the capability of schools and school clusters and their responsiveness to the needs of their communities.
Expenses
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 32,282 32,282 25,450
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to achieve improved education outcomes through supporting schools in their responsiveness to the needs of their communities, including iwi-strengthening projects.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Number of education work plans, developed through the Ministry partnering with iwi and hapu, that focus on strengthening educationally powerful connections for Maori learners to participate, engage and achieve as Maori in and through the education system

60 60 60

Percentage of community leaders who report high levels of engagement in schools' and early learning services' decision-making (see Note 1)

Baseline year Baseline year Maintain and Improve

Percentage of early learning services and school leaders who report increased understanding of critical consciousness and kaupapa Maori and their impact on Maori success as Maori in education (see Notes 1 and 2)

Baseline year Baseline year Maintain and Improve

Note 1 - The measure relates to the six communities participating in Te Hurihanganui, which is designed to strengthen equity and lift achievement for Maori students.

Note 2 - Critical consciousness is understanding the role of power, privilege and prejudice in creating, sustaining and disrupting racism and inequity in New Zealand.

End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Minister of Education in a report appended to the Ministry of Education's annual report.

Service Providers
Provider 2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2020/21
Estimated Actual
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
Expiry of
Resourcing
Commitment

Non-Government Organisations

       
National Maori Organisations and Iwi Authorities 30,117 30,117 23,285 Multiple contracts with different expiry dates
Statutory Managers 1,815 1,815 1,815 Multiple contracts with different expiry dates
Other Providers 350 350 350 Ongoing

Total

32,282

32,282

25,450

 
Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Restarting Te Kotahitanga - Supporting Equitable Outcomes for Maori Learners 2019/20 13,250 13,250 - - -
Supporting Te Runanga Nui o Nga Kura Kaupapa Maori 2019/20 375 375 375 375 375
Improvements to the Implementation of Communities of Learning | Kahui Ako in 2018 2018/19 800 - - - -
Reasons for Change in Appropriation

The $6.832 million decrease in this appropriation for 2021/22 is mainly due to transfers from 2019/20 to 2020/21 and from 2021/22 to 2022/23 and outyears for Te Hurihanganui to support whanau and communities to engage in the education of Maori learners ($5.875 million).

Support for Early Learning Providers (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to assisting early learning services and other bodies corporate that provide child places for early learning.
Expenses
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 14,926 14,926 9,226
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to achieve increased and equitable participation in early learning by creating more licensed child places through grants in the sector.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Number of contracted child places created to meet the needs of targeted communities as a result of the Targeted Assistance for Participation Programme

550-720 565 550-720
End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Minister of Education in a report appended to the Ministry of Education's annual report.

Service Providers
Provider 2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2020/21
Estimated Actual
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
Expiry of
Resourcing
Commitment

Non-Government Organisations

       
Early Childhood Centres 9,807 9,807 5,376 Multiple contracts with different expiry dates
Kindergartens 5,119 5,119 3,850 Multiple contracts with different expiry dates

Total

14,926

14,926

9,226

 
Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Intensive Support for Young Learners with Wellbeing and Behavioural Needs that may be Challenging to Others (Savings) 2021/22 - (2,000) (2,000) (2,000) (2,000)
Additional Funding to Support Playcentres 2020/21 3,700 - - - -
Reprioritisation - Removing Underutilised Early Childhood Education Participation Funds 2018/19 (4,300) (4,300) (4,300) (4,300) (4,300)
Reasons for Change in Appropriation

The $5.700 million decrease in this appropriation for 2021/22 is due to:

  • a one-off funding in 2020/21 to support playcentres ($3.700 million), and
  • savings in 2021/22 for intensive interventions to support young learners with significant wellbeing and behavioural needs ($2 million).
Conditions on Use of Appropriation
Reference Conditions
Education and Training Act 2020 Partial-funding stream - grants to provide incentives or partial contributions towards the total cost of creating early childhood education places in low socio-economic status areas. The locations are determined by the Ministry of Education and include areas with many children missing out on early childhood education. Assistance under this stream shall be preferred and may cover a wide range of activities.
Low-cost, high-value stream - grants to provide assistance by capitalising on low-cost but high-value community-driven proposals to create additional early childhood education places, with a maximum grant limit of $100,000. The locations are determined by the Ministry of Education.

Supporting Parenting (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to delivery of specific programmes and providing advice and support that enhances the role of parents/caregivers in the development of their children.
Expenses
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 9,174 9,174 8,974
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to achieve improved support by parents, families and whanau for their children's education.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Number of children enrolled in early childhood learning as a result of the Engaging Priority Families programme

870 - 1,000 879 870 - 1,000

Families receiving the Home Interaction Programme for Parents and Youngsters (HIPPY):

     
  • number of families receiving the HIPPY programme in 2020
1,795 2,049 1,795
  • percentage of parents participating in the HIPPY programme who report feeling more confident supporting their children's learning
85% 85.6% 85%
End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Minister of Education in a report appended to the Ministry of Education's annual report.

Service Providers
Provider 2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2020/21
Estimated Actual
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
Expiry of
Resourcing
Commitment

Non-Government Organisations

       
Iwi and Community Groups 9,174 9,174 8,974 Multiple contracts with different expiry dates

Total

9,174

9,174

8,974

 

Home Schooling Allowances (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to allowances for parents/caregivers of children in full-time correspondence programmes for primary and secondary education and parents/caregivers of children receiving their primary and secondary education at home (where a certificate of exemption from enrolment has been approved under section 38 of the Education and Training Act 2020).
Expenses
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 7,301 7,301 7,486
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to achieve support for students engaged in education outside of the school system.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements

An exemption was granted under section 15D(2)(b)(ii) of the Public Finance Act 1989, as additional performance information is unlikely to be informative because this appropriation is solely for payments of a supervision allowance for children who are home schooled under the Education and Training Act 2020.

Conditions on Use of Appropriation
Reference Conditions
Education and Training Act 2020 Supervision allowance paid to parents of students exempted under section 38 of the Education and Training Act 2020 from being enrolled at a registered school, as required under section 35.
Exemption is subject to satisfaction that:
  • the student will be taught at least as regularly and as well as in a registered school, and
  • in the case of a person who would otherwise be likely to need special education, the student will be taught at least as regularly and as well as in a special class or clinic or by a special service.

Scholarships and Awards for Students (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to scholarships and allowances for school students, including subsidies toward fees and travel costs and programmes.
Expenses
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 15,772 15,772 14,766
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to achieve greater educational opportunities and increased achievement for children and young people with high potential or from low income backgrounds.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements

An exemption was granted under section 15D(2)(b)(ii) of the Public Finance Act 1989 because additional performance information is unlikely to be informative.

Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Prime Minister's Vocational Excellence Awards 2021/22 - 900 900 900 900
Establishing the Prime Minister's Vocational Excellence Award 2019/20 900 - - - -
Discontinuation of the Aspire Scholarships 2018/19 (1,725) (2,731) (3,697) (4,126) (4,126)
Conditions on Use of Appropriation
Reference Conditions
Cabinet decision Students are eligible for Boarding Allowances where living away from home is deemed to provide a greater chance of achieving National Certificate of Education Achievement level 2. Students will be awarded an allowance after being assessed by a panel including external parties or agencies. The key assessment areas are:
  • Achievement; Participation; Behaviour; Relationships; Access; Environment; Personal; factors.
  • Assistance may also be available to contribute to the cost of travelling at the beginning and end of term between home and the place of board.
Cabinet decision Puawaitanga Scholarships are offered to young learners who demonstrate leadership potential, based on the school's criteria, which may include:
  • leadership skills and potential
  • academic achievement and potential
  • cultural strengths
  • sporting skills, and
  • reports or recommendations from contributing schools.
Scholarships cover boarding fees and an allowance for other costs.
The Ministry will provide schools with guidelines to develop their selection criteria. The Ministry will also monitor compliance to these criteria and the performance of the schools and the recipients of the scholarship.

Scholarships and Awards for Teachers and Trainees (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to study awards, sabbaticals and fellowships for teachers and scholarships and allowances for students undertaking teacher training education.
Expenses
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 30,675 30,675 31,521
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to achieve a high-quality workforce by increasing the capability of teachers through targeted study assistance and supporting prospective teachers through their training.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements

An exemption was granted under section 15D(2)(b)(ii) of the Public Finance Act 1989 because additional performance information is unlikely to be informative.

Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Teacher Supply Response Package 2021/22 - 3,736 3,736 3,736 3,736
Recent Settlements of Teachers' and Principals' Collective Agreements 2019/20 2,055 2,683 2,700 2,700 2,700
Learning Support - Addressing Critical Cost and Demand Pressures for Children and Young People 2019/20 360 360 360 360 360
Learning Support System Improvements - Creating a More Inclusive Education System 2019/20 100 100 100 100 100
Teacher Supply - Continuing to Increase the Levels of Teacher Supply for the Future 2019/20 1,310 1,580 5,358 5,358 5,358
Voluntary Bonding Scheme 2018/19 1,788 1,736 1,736 1,736 1,736
Learning Support - Early Intervention Services 2018/19 200 200 200 200 200
Addressing Teacher Supply 2017/18 3,736 - - - -

3.4 - Non-Departmental Other Expenses#

Impairment of Debts and Assets and Debt Write-Offs (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to bad debt write-offs for Crown debt and to impairment of Crown debt or other assets arising from objective evidence of one or more loss events that occurred after the initial recognition of the Crown debt or asset, and the loss event (or events) has had a reliably measurable impact on the estimated future cash flows of the debt or other asset.
Expenses
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 12,000 12,000 1,000
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to achieve the write-off of Crown debt and recognise an impairment loss to reflect the recoverable value of Crown debt and assets at the end of the financial year.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements

An exemption was granted under section 15(D)(b)(ii) of the Public Finance Act 1989, as additional performance information is unlikely to be informative because the appropriation is solely for impairment of Crown debt and other assets as required for the write-off of irrecoverable debts.

Reasons for Change in Appropriation

The $11 million decrease in this appropriation for 2021/22 is mainly due to provision in 2020/21 for impairment of uncollectable historic TeachNZ Scholarships ($11 million).

Integrated Schools Property (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to providing funding to proprietors of integrated schools for capital upgrade, including modernisation, of their existing school property and facilities as well as expansion of the network of integrated schools.
Expenses
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 85,275 79,275 101,123
Components of the Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Policy One Funding 69,983 63,983 101,123
Other Funding 15,292 15,292 -

Total

85,275

79,275

101,123

What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to provide funding to the proprietors of integrated schools so they can ensure their learners have equitable (comparable to State schools) access to quality learning environments.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Integrated school proprietors confirm that funding received under Policy One has been used to maintain their school properties to a consistent standard as for State schools (Policy One, see Conditions on Use of Appropriation) (see Note 1)

95% 95% 95%

Note 1 - Proprietors of integrated schools are responsible, as owners, for the upkeep of their schools including capital works. Although the Ministry has no ownership interest, we do financially assist proprietors to meet their ownership obligations through Policy 1 funding. The attestation process is a high level means to ensure proprietors are legally certifying that they are using the funding for its intended purpose.

Reference Conditions
Cabinet Decision Policy One - Property grants to proprietor of integrated schools are determined by formula, taking into account a per-student rate (based on depreciation on State school sector buildings) and numbers of students in each school.
Cabinet Decision Policy Two - Discretionary property grant for expanding existing schools and establishment of new schools where the investment will reduce pressure for further expenditure in the State school network. Funding is provided under a Memorandum of Agreement. A construction completion certificate must be provided to the Ministry of Education.
End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Minister of Education in a report appended to the Ministry of Education's annual report.

Service Providers
Provider 2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2020/21
Estimated Actual
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
Expiry of
Resourcing
Commitment

Non-Government Organisations

       
Proprietors of Integrated Schools 85,275 79,275 101,123 Ongoing

Total

85,275

79,275

101,123

 
Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Essential Property Maintenance at State-integrated Schools 2021/22 - 26,400 26,400 - -
Drawdown of Capital and Operating Funding for Learning Support Coordinators (adjusted for reduced capital charge rate) 2020/21 8,625 - - - -
School Property Programme to Deliver the National Education Growth Plan 2019/20 1,440 1,440 1,440 - -
Reasons for Change in Appropriation

The $15.848 million increase in this appropriation for 2021/22 is mainly due to a combination of:

  • a new initiative for improving the property at State-integrated schools ($26.400 million increase)
  • drawdown of a contingency in 2020/21 only for accommodating new Learning Support Coordinators ($8.625 million decrease), and
  • one-off expense transfer from 2019/20 to 2020/21 on migration of charter schools to the State system ($4.707 million decrease).

3.5 - Non-Departmental Capital Expenditure#

School Support Project (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to capital costs of implementing approved school support and schooling improvement projects (other than costs related to school property assets).
Capital Expenditure
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 1,880 200 1,880
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to achieve the provision of support for schools that are at financial risk.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Percentage of schools that receive emergency financial support because they are unable to meet their immediate financial obligations that are then able to meet these obligations:

     
  • immediately (see Note 1)
100% 100% 100%
  • sustained over four years (see Note 2)
Maintain or improve position over 4 years 100% Maintain or improve position over 4 years (100%)

Note 1 - Immediately means restoration of a school or kura's "working capital" (being current assets less current liabilities) to a positive position, based on both the annual financial statement, or most recent quarterly management reports (whichever is more recent).

Note 2 - This means a school has managed to remain in a positive financial position (defined as a minimum of positive working capital maintained), based on the annual audited financial statements. Where the most recent or current year annual financial statements are not available the most recent quarterly management reports will act as a substitute source of information.

End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Minister of Education in a report appended to the Ministry of Education's annual report.

Schools Furniture and Equipment (M26) (A19)

Scope of Appropriation
This appropriation is limited to providing funding to schools for new furniture and equipment when capital works have been approved or to fund the replacement of furniture and equipment.
Capital Expenditure
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Total Appropriation 53,000 53,000 53,355
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is paid to schools with the intention that they use the funds to pay for furniture and equipment that is fit for purpose and supports educational achievement.

How Performance will be Assessed and End of Year Reporting Requirements
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Schools are paid their furniture and equipment funding in accordance with their Five-Year Agreement budget allocation or Policy One funding:

     
  • accurately
98% 98% 98%
  • on time
98% 98% 98%

Percentage of schools which have received network hardware replacement through Te Mana Tuhono programme (see Note 1)

New measure New measure Increasing percentage

The following information is an indication of expected numbers and is provided for context only.

Output Indicator Actual 2018/19 Actual 2019/20 Forecast 2020/21 Estimated Actual 2020/21 Forecast 2021/22
Number of schools receiving furniture and equipment grants to fitout new, renewed, or replaced teaching and non-teaching spaces as part of approved capital projects 56 123 100 - 150 100-150 100-150
Number of schools receiving funding to upgrade and modernise their furniture and equipment through their Five-Year Agreement budget allocation or Policy One funding 873 State schools 1,125 1,000 - 1,200 State and State-integrated schools 1,000 - 1,200 State and State-integrated schools 1,000 - 1,200 State and State-integrated schools
Number of 'opt in' State and State-integrated schools that have received network hardware replacement during the year (see Note 2) New indicator New indicator New indicator 300-500 450-650

Note 1 - Te Mana Tuhono is a long-term programme of support that removes the burden on schools to monitor, maintain and manage their networks. Initiated in 2020/21, this four-year programme is an 'opt in' service to replace school ICT hardware, including network switches and wireless connections in schools, which is being rolled out across New Zealand State and State-integrated schools. It also provides new cybersecurity upgrades and support includes robust internet filtering, threat protection and firewall, plus a dedicated Service Desk/ Helpdesk team to operate inside the school(s).

Note 2 - As Te Mana Tuhono is a four-year programme, approximately 20-30% of schools will receive upgrades each year from 2020/21 through to 2023/24.

End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Minister of Education in a report appended to the Ministry of Education's annual report.

Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Continuing the Ka Ora Ka Ako Healthy School Lunches Programme 2022/23 - - 570 570 -
Christchurch Schools' Rebuild Programme 2020/21 4,690 - - - -
Drawdown of Capital and Operating Funding for Learning Support Coordinators (adjusted for reduced capital charge rate) 2020/21 2,100 - - - -
Free and Healthy School Lunches Programme 2020/21 396 72 - - -
Keeping Households Connected Through the 2021 School Year 2020/21 1,200        
Managing Growth at Public Private Partnership Schools 2020/21 3,499 - - - -
Mitigating Impacts of Socioeconomic Disadvantage: School Lunches 2020/21 3,900 - - - -
National Education Growth Plan: Drawdown of Wave 2 2020/21 1,970 2,810 4,340 2,750 280
Network-as-a-Service and Cybersecurity for Schools 2020/21 4,500 3,390 2,750 10,920 10,920
School Property Programme to Deliver the National Education Growth Plan 2019/20 450 2,200 2,480 1,440 1,440
Improving the Condition of School Property 2019/20 5,614 6,300 5,104 - -
School Growth Package 2018/19 3,939 1,107 - - -

Previous National-led Government

           
Schools Growth Package 2017/18 5,486 - - - -

Part 4 - Details of Multi-Category Expenses and Capital Expenditure#

4 - Multi-Category Expenses and Capital Expenditure#

Improved Quality Teaching and Learning (M26) (A19)

Overarching Purpose Statement
The single overarching purpose of this appropriation is to improve the quality of teaching and learning for children and young people aged 0-18 years.
Scope of Appropriation
Departmental Output Expenses
Support and Resources for Teachers
This category is limited to expenditure on policies and services focused on supporting the capability of teachers, kaiako and leaders to improve outcomes for students.
 
Non-Departmental Output Expenses
Curriculum Support
This category is limited to funding educational programmes for teachers, kaiako and leaders, students with their families, and the community that expand learning opportunities.

Professional Development and Support
This category is limited to building the capability of teachers, kaiako and leaders, through the delivery of learning and development opportunities.
Expenses, Revenue and Capital Expenditure
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000

Total Appropriation

302,981 302,981 352,158

Departmental Output Expenses

     
Support and Resources for Teachers 109,725 109,725 161,693

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     
Curriculum Support 75,316 75,316 74,280
Professional Development and Support 117,940 117,940 116,185

Funding for Departmental Output Expenses

     

Revenue from the Crown

109,715 109,715 161,683
Support and Resources for Teachers 109,715 109,715 161,683

Revenue from Others

10 10 10
Support and Resources for Teachers 10 10 10
Components of the Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000

Support and Resources for Teachers

     
Provision of Teaching and Learning Resources 98,718 98,718 149,619
Provision of Services to Support Professional Leadership and Learning 11,007 11,007 12,074

Curriculum Support

     
Information Technology Infrastructure 42,658 42,658 36,228
Teacher Curriculum Support 4,943 4,943 4,981
Student Curriculum Support 21,128 21,128 25,446
Community Curriculum Support 697 697 1,697
Rural Education Activities Programme 4,714 4,714 4,752
Other Funding 1,176 1,176 1,176

Professional Development and Support

     
Centrally Funded Professional Learning and Development 85,078 85,078 87,578
Literacy and Numeracy 857 857 857
Digital Technologies 4,000 4,000 -
Leadership, Principal Development and Management 196 196 196
Building a Responsive System for Priority Learners 9,735 9,735 9,587
Workforce Development 5,412 5,412 5,330
Early Childhood Education Professional Development 9,544 9,544 9,559
Other Funding 3,118 3,118 3,078

Total

302,981

302,981

352,158

What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to achieve improved professional development of the workforce and enhanced learning for age 0 to 18 years.

How Performance will be Assessed for this Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Total number of schools, kura and kahui ako receiving centrally-funded locally-focused allocations of professional learning and development

Maintain or improve Maintain or improve Maintain or improve
What is Intended to be Achieved with each Category and How Performance will be Assessed
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Departmental Output Expenses

     

Support and Resources for Teachers

     

This category is intended to enable a highly effective workforce that can address the personalised needs of all learners.

     

Usage of the Te Kete Ipurangi portal:

     
  • overall number of page views
Maintain or improve Maintain or improve Maintain or improve
  • total number of unique users
Maintain or improve Maintain or improve Maintain or improve

Usage of the Kauwhata Reo portal:

     
  • overall number of page views
Baseline year Baseline year Maintain or improve
  • total number of unique users
Baseline year Baseline year Maintain or improve

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     

Curriculum Support

     

This category is intended to engage all teachers, kaiako and leaders, and students with their families, as well as their communities, in equitably and responsively supporting students to be successful through relevant and accessible curriculum pathways.

     

Percentage of children successfully completing Reading Recovery and are able to read at cohort expectation

Revised measure Revised measure Baseline year

Percentage of akonga who have exited Mauri Tu Mauri Ora initiatives are achieving at expected levels of Te Marautanga o Aotearoa

Maintain or improve Maintain or improve Maintain or improve

Percentage of schools and kura engaged in curriculum supports for Hangarau Matihiko curriculum content

Maintain or improve Maintain or improve Maintain or improve

Number of teachers accessing the Digital Technology and Hangarau Matihiko Readiness Programme

Maintain or improve Maintain or improved Maintain or improve

Professional Development and Support

     

This category is intended to support teachers, kaiako and leaders to develop their capability to deliver authentic, relevant, and culturally responsive learning aligned to the needs of their learners.

     

Percentage of early learning services participating in Strengthening Early Learning Opportunities (SELO) programmes that demonstrate positive shifts in practice (see Note 1)

80% 80% 80%

Percentage of Beginning Principals who report positive feedback about the support they have received from their Leadership Advisors

Maintain Maintain Maintain

Number of people who participated in the Te Ahu o Te Reo Maori programme

Baseline year Baseline year Maintain or improve

Number of teacher development courses provided from the peak bodies (Te Runanga Nui o Nga Kura Kaupapa Maori o Aotearoa and Nga Kura A Iwi O Aotearoa)

Baseline year Baseline year Maintain or improve

Note 1 - It is expected that SELO programmes are delivered to between 1,200 and 1,500 early learning services.

Service Providers for the Multi-Category Appropriation
Provider 2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2020/21
Estimated Actual
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
Expiry of
Resourcing
Commitment
Ministry of Education 109,725 109,725 161,693 Ongoing

Crown Entities

       
State Schools 27,463 27,463 27,121 Multiple contracts with different expiry dates
Universities (8) 6,462 6,462 5,878 Multiple contracts with different expiry dates
Other Crown Entities 1,325 1,325 1,205 Multiple contracts with different expiry dates

Non-Government Organisations

       
Private Organisations and Trusts 158,006 158,006 156,261 Multiple contracts with different expiry dates

Total

302,981

302,981

352,158

 
End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Ministry of Education in its annual report.

Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Cost Adjustment for Schools' Operational Grant 2021/22 - 38 76 76 76
Deliver Sustained Professional Learning and Development to Embed Tapasa 2021/22 - 579 1,179 1,179 1,179
Expanding Reading Together Te Panui Ngatahi Partnerships and Duffy Books in Homes 2021/22 - 1,775 2,240 2,560 2,890
Intensive Support for Young Learners with Wellbeing and Behavioural Needs that may be Challenging to Others (Savings) 2021/22 - (833) (833) (833) (833)
NCEA Change Programme - A Strengthened NCEA for all New Zealanders 2021/22 - 25,730 30,617 24,643 11,523
Prime Minister's Vocational Excellence Awards 2021/22 - 150 150 150 150
Reform of the Tomorrow's Schools System 2021/22 - 29,000 29,879 30,792 20,329
Supporting Pacific Bilingual and Immersion Education in Schooling 2021/22 - 794 994 894 894
Targeted Initiatives to Support Akonga Success in NCEA Pangarau, Te Reo Matatini, Numeracy and Literacy 2021/22 - 1,900 2,620 2,940 2,540
Continuing Action to Improve Social Inclusion 2020/21 561 4,682 - - -
Continuing Digital Access for Principals and Teachers 2020/21 1,173 2,143 2,510 2,885 3,942
Cost Adjustment for Schools' Operational Grant 2020/21 37 75 75 75 75
Education Holidays Act Remediation Payments 2020/21 2,038 - - - -
Expansion of Creatives in Schools 2020/21 1,600 1,200 1,200 - -
Helping Households Stay Connected to the Internet 2020/21 4,800 - - - -
Home-based ECE - Support for Educators to Become Qualified 2020/21 764 779 530 541 541
Increasing Trades Academy Places and Supporting Secondary Transitions 2020/21 625 1,250 1,250 1,250 1,250
Increasing Wellbeing and Mental Health Support to Learners and Education Workforce 2020/21 13,004 13,792 12,717 9,229 9,229
Keeping Households Connected Through the 2021 School Year 2020/21 (7,800) 6,600      
Ministry of Education Settlement and Implementation of the Teacher Aide Pay Equity Claim 2020/21 1,000 500 - - -
Raising the Profile and Strengthening the Pipeline into Vocational Education 2020/21 (1,229) 1,229 - - -
Settlement of Non-Teaching Staff Collective of Agreements 2020/21 500 500 500 500 500
Supporting Maori Learners and Te Reo Maori Post COVID-19 2020/21 40,000 32,000 23,000 33,000 33,000
Targeted Support for Pacific Learners and Families Funding 2020/21 595 940 1,220 1,350 1,350
Capital to Operating Swap for Motor Vehicles 2019/20 300 300 300 300 300
Drawdown of Funding for Digital Devices for Learning Support Coordinators 2019/20 248 248 248 248 248
Drawdown of Operating Funding for New Learning Support Coordinator Role 2019/20 200 200 - - -
Raising the Profile and Strengthening the Pipeline into Vocational Education 2019/20 1,028 - - - -
Enabling Students to Access Online Teaching and Learning 2019/20 22,240 - - - -
Cost Adjustment for Subsidies for Early Learning and Schools' Operational Grant 2019/20 83 83 83 83 83
Creatives in Schools 2019/20 1,077 2,027 3,293 3,293 3,293
Learning Support System Improvements - Creating a More Inclusive Education System 2019/20 1,170 1,170 1,170 1,170 1,170
Supporting Schools and Early Learning Settings to Improve Wellbeing Through Healthy Eating and Quality Physical Activity 2019/20 2,530 3,100 - - -
Education Workforce Register 2018/19 1,250 1,250 1,250 1,250 1,250
Teacher Supply Response Package 2018/19 800 600 600 600 600
Reprioritisation - Careers Pilots 2018/19 (1,582) (1,582) (1,582) (1,582) (1,582)
Cost Adjustment for Schools' Operational Grant 2018/19 72 72 72 72 72
Te Ahu O Te Reo Maori 2017/18 4,343 - - - -

Previous National-led Government

           
Strengthening Careers Education Through Communities of Learning 2017/18 1,582 1,582 1,582 1,582 1,582
Creating a Digitally Fluent Nation: Opportunities for our Education System 2017/18 4,000 - - - -
Changes to Levy Funding Allocations and Processes for Migrant Settlement Services from 2017/18 2017/18 115 (399) (399) (399) (399)
Investing in Information and Communications Technology 2017/18 102 102 102 102 102
Maori Language in Education - Increasing Curriculum Resources 2017/18 1,910 1,910 1,910 1,910 1,910
Operational Grant Funding Increase for Schools 2017/18 58 58 58 58 58
Reasons for Change in Appropriation

The $49.177 million increase in this appropriation for 2021/22 is mainly due to a combination of:

  • provision for the reform of the Tomorrow's Schools System ($29 million increase)
  • funding to strengthen the NCEA programme ($25.730 million increase), and
  • provision in 2020/21 for helping households stay connected to the internet ($4.800 million decrease).

Outcomes for Target Student Groups (M26) (A19)

Overarching Purpose Statement
The single overarching purpose of this appropriation is to improve outcomes for targeted student groups.
Scope of Appropriation
Departmental Output Expenses
Interventions for Target Student Groups
This category is limited to expenditure on policies and services focused on targeted student groups or individuals' participation in education.
 
Non-Departmental Output Expenses
Learning Support
This category is limited to providing additional resources to enable students with additional learning needs to participate in education.

Learning Support and Alternative Education
This category is limited to providing additional resources and programmes to enable students with additional learning needs or those who are disengaged or disengaging from education to participate in education.

School Lunch Programme
This category is limited to providing school lunches to students in schools and kura with high concentrations of disadvantage.

Service Academies
This category is limited to providing military-focused programmes for disengaged or disengaging senior students in secondary schools.

Students Attendance and Engagement
This category is limited to providing services to support increased attendance for non-attending students.
Expenses, Revenue and Capital Expenditure
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000

Total Appropriation

1,166,221 1,166,221 1,320,152

Departmental Output Expenses

     
Interventions for Target Student Groups 401,267 401,267 393,757

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     
Learning Support 657,813 657,813 -
Learning Support and Alternative Education - - 657,297
School Lunch Programme 90,555 90,555 254,088
Service Academies 3,785 3,785 -
Students Attendance and Engagement 12,801 12,801 15,010

Funding for Departmental Output Expenses

     

Revenue from the Crown

399,567 399,567 392,057
Interventions for Target Student Groups 399,567 399,567 392,057

Revenue from Others

1,700 1,700 1,700
Interventions for Target Student Groups 1,700 1,700 1,700
Components of the Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000

Interventions for Target Student Groups

     
Targeted Student Participation Interventions 16,266 16,266 16,266
Special Needs Interventions 385,001 385,001 377,491

Learning Support

     
Salaries Funding 326,603 326,603 -
Operations and Other Funding 331,210 331,210 -

Learning Support and Alternative Education

     
Salaries Funding - - 331,628
Operations and Other Funding - - 325,669

School Lunch Programme

90,555 90,555 254,088

Service Academies

3,785 3,785 -

Students Attendance and Engagement

12,801 12,801 15,010
Total 1,166,221 1,166,221 1,320,152
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to achieve equitable participation and increased engagement within the education system.

How Performance will be Assessed for this Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Participation in primary and secondary education: The percentage of students attending school regularly (see Note 1)

70% 64% 70%

Note 1 - Attending regularly is defined for statistical purposes as attending at least 90% of half days. This does not mean 90% is regarded as adequate for learning; it is the threshold used to benchmark attendance. This is measured through a Term 2 collection of attendance data files from schools' Student Management Systems that approximately 90% of schools complete. The 2020/21 Estimated Actual figure is Term 2, 2020 data. The 2021/22 Budget Standard refers to the 2021 calendar year.

What is Intended to be Achieved with each Category and How Performance will be Assessed
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Departmental Output Expenses

     

Interventions for Target Student Groups

     

This category is intended to achieve equitable participation and education outcomes for targeted student groups.

     

Average number of days eligible children and young people wait to receive support after the request for support:

     
  • Behaviour Service
50 calendar days 50 calendar days 50 calendar days
  • Communication Service
75 calendar days 75 calendar days 75 calendar days
  • Ongoing Resourcing Support
22 calendar days 22 calendar days 22 calendar days

Average number of days eligible children and young people wait to receive support from the Early Intervention Service after the request for support:

90 calendar days 90 calendar days 90 calendar days
  • percentage within 45 calendar days
25% 25% 25%
  • percentage within 60 calendar days.
40% 40% 40%

People are more confident in knowing how to support their child after Ministry learning support involvement (see Note 1):

     
  • parents
72 71 72
  • educators
72 66 72

Children and young people made progress in their learning and achievement as a result of specialist learning support, as reported by (see Note 1):

     
  • parents
70 75 70
  • educators
70 68 70

Parents/whanau were listened to and involved in the decisions about the child's specialist learning support (see Note 1)

83 82 83

Percentage of children whose behavioural issues have improved following their parents' completion of the Incredible Years Parent Programme (see Note 2)

70% 81% 70%

Percentage of schools and kura who have opted in for the access to free period products

New measure New measure Not less than 80%

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     

Learning Support and Alternative Education

     

This category is intended to achieve equitable participation and education outcomes for targeted student groups.

     

Schools and early intervention specialist providers delivering specialist learning support services who have requirements upon review, have implemented an action plan and demonstrate in both their provider Annual Assurance Statement and at review that they are progressing towards achieving agreed goals

90% 93% 90%

Percentage of retained students in Service Academies who achieve NCEA Level 2 or higher

75% 78% 75%

School Lunch Programme

     

This category is intended to improve learners' levels of concentration, engagement, school achievement and behaviour by providing access to a healthy lunch every day.

     

All schools in the programme are provided with the required lunches through managed contracts

New measure New Measure 98%

Students Attendance and Engagement

     

This category is intended to achieve maximum attendance at schools by reducing absence rates and non-enrolment and reducing the time it takes to return students to education.

     

Percentage of students who have been returned to schooling within:

     
  • 40 days following an exclusion
55% 55% 55%
  • 75 days following an exclusion
85% 85% 85%

Note 1 - The survey uses the questions and methodology of the State Services Commission Kiwis Count survey, which measures the satisfaction of New Zealanders with public services. It uses a Service Quality Score methodology to ensure the overall satisfaction score takes into account all responses, including those who indicate neither satisfaction nor dissatisfaction.

Note 2 - The data for this measure is drawn from results from a questionnaire (Eyberg Child Behaviour Inventory) completed by parents before and after participation in the programme.

The following information is an indication of expected numbers and is provided for context only.

Output Indicator Actual 2018/19 Actual 2019/20 Forecast 2020/21 Estimated Actual 2020/21 Forecast 2021/22

Interventions for Target Student Groups

         
Number of children receiving a specialist learning support service Revised indicator 41,733 42,695 34,225-41,755 42,695 34,225-41,755

Learning Support and Alternative Education

         
Number of young people enrolled in the Alternative Education programme (see Note 1) 2,684 2,310 2,500 2,310 2,500
Number of individual students supported through the Resource Teacher: Learning and Behaviour service 18,954 15,265 15,000-17,000 15,265 15,000-17,000

Note 1 - From 2021/22, the indicator is changing from a fiscal year to a calendar year and a cumulative count, rather than a point in time position.

Service Providers for the Multi-Category Appropriation
Provider 2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2020/21
Estimated Actual
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
Expiry of
Resourcing
Commitment

Ministry of Education

401,267

401,267

393,737

Ongoing
New Zealand Defence Force 1,127 1,127 1,176 Ongoing

Crown Entities

       
State Schools 720,285 720,285 763,932 Ongoing
State Schools - Service Academies 30,867 30,867 32,204 Ongoing
The Correspondence School 1,165 1,165 1,165 Ongoing

Non-Government Organisations

       
Private Organisations 11,010 11,010 127,396 Ongoing
Royal NZ Foundation for the Blind 500 500 522 Ongoing

Total

1,166,221

1,166,221

1,320,152

 
End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Ministry of Education in its annual report.

Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Additional Attendance Service Places 2021/22 - 4,868 5,335 5,335 5,335
Continuing the Ka Ora Ka Ako Healthy School Lunches Programme 2021/22 - 131,553 263,338 132,024 -
Cost Adjustment for Schools' Operational Grant 2021/22 - 891 1,730 1,758 1,759
Extending the Pilot of the Community Organisation Refugee Sponsorship category 2021/22 - 310 354 401 401
Funding Increase for Alternative Education Provision 2021/22 - 1,111 1,111 1,111 1,111
Learning Support - Maintaining Ministry Specialist Staff 2021/22 - 6,080 6,080 6,080 6,080
Addressing Learners' Needs by Improving Data Quality, Availability, Timeliness and Capability 2020/21 173 209 351 140 140
Adjusting Learning Support Funding for Population Growth 2020/21 3,833 4,316 6,382 19,134 19,134
Continuing the Access to Free Period Products in Schools and Kura 2020/21 (24,535) 8,191 8,199 8,145 -
Cost Adjustment for Schools' Operational Grant 2020/21 916 1,721 1,726 1,736 1,736
Drawdown from: Targeted Support for At-Risk Akonga Contingency 2020/21 9,036 7,495 190 - -
Early Intervention: Te Kohanga Reo - Learning Support Initiative and Targeted COVID-19 Response 2020/21 1,138 1,150 275 276 276
Education Holidays Act Remediation Payments 2020/21 19,937 - - - -
English for Speakers of Other Languages 2020/21 4,962 5,244 5,510 5,510 5,510
Free and Healthy School Lunches Programme 2020/21 14,356 11,660 - - -
Funding to Support Schools to Manage the Immediate Costs of COVID-19 2020/21 94 - - - -
Increasing Ongoing Resourcing Scheme Teacher Aide Hours 2020/21 41,048 25,442 25,442 25,442 25,442
Increasing Wellbeing and Mental Health Support to Learners and Education Workforce 2020/21 915 915 915 965 965
Mitigating Impacts of Socioeconomic Disadvantage: School Lunches 2020/21 106,900 109,800 - - -
Ongoing Resourcing Scheme Cost Pressure for Teacher Aide Hours 2020/21 14,600 - - - -
Savings - Increasing Ongoing Resourcing Scheme Teacher Aide Hours 2020/21 (5,000) - - - -
Savings - Ongoing Resourcing Scheme Cost Pressure for Teacher Aide Hours 2020/21 (3,800) - - - -
State Sector Decarbonisation - Drawdown of Funding from Tagged Capital Contingency (Tranche Five projects) 2020/21 2 20 20 20 14
Supporting At-Risk Akonga to Re-Engage and Attend School During the COVID-19 Recovery 2020/21 2,867 - - - -
Supporting Maori Learners and Te Reo Maori Post-COVID-19 2020/21 18,000 16,000 15,000 15,000 15,000
Targeted Support for Pacific Learners and Families Funding 2020/21 14,056 14,934 18,737 19,537 19,537
Technology Support for School Children with Learning Support Needs 2020/21 1,000 - - - -
Drawdown of Funding for Digital Devices for Learning Support Coordinators 2019/20 623 623 623 623 623
Drawdown of Operating Funding for New Learning Support Coordinator Role 2019/20 58,294 54,448 54,743 54,743 54,743
Implementing a Free and Healthy School Lunch Prototype for Year 1-8 Students 2019/20 6,618 - - - -
Initiatives Responding to the 15 March Terror Attacks: Additional Funding 2019/20 83 - - - -
Recent Settlements of Teachers' and Principals' Collective Agreements 2019/20 19,738 25,241 25,609 25,609 25,609
Access to Sanitary Products in Schools and Kura 2019/20 2,273 - - - -
Ministry of Education Settlement and Implementation of the Teacher Aide Pay Equity Claim 2019/20 3,911 4,448 - - -
School High Health Needs Fund 2019/20 2,798 4,213 4,140 4,140 4,140
Settlement of Non-Teaching Staff Collective of Agreements 2019/20 2,298 2,495 2,495 2,495 2,495
Addressing Regulated Wage Pressures in Schools 2019/20 34 - - - -
Cost Adjustment for Subsidies for Early Learning and Schools' Operational Grant 2019/20 1,405 1,410 1,416 1,416 1,416
Increasing Learning Support Funding in Line with Population and Demand Growth 2019/20 5,100 8,400 12,200 12,200 12,200
Pay Equity - Settlement and Programme Costs 2019/20 2,084 2,084 2,084 2,084 2,084
Sensitive Claims of Abuse - Funding to Resolve and Acknowledge Historic Abuse in the Schooling System 2018/19 1,644 1,164 1,164 1,164 1,164
Increased Settlement Services 2018/19 1,534 1,721 1,909 1,909 1,909
Learning Support Field Staff Bargaining 2018/19 2,581 2,581 2,581 2,581 2,581
Funding for the Teaching Council and to Support the Napier Student Managed Move Service 2018/19 262 132 - - -
Learning Support - Addressing Critical Cost and Demand Pressures for Children and Young People 2018/19 16,801 21,988 25,386 25,386 25,386
Learning Support - Ongoing Resourcing Scheme 2018/19 37,202 43,948 43,948 43,948 43,948
Learning Support - Sensory Schools and New Zealand Sign Language 2018/19 7,550 7,550 7,550 7,550 7,550
Learning Support - Teacher Aide Funding Rates 2018/19 17,870 23,948 23,948 23,948 23,948
Learning Support - Early Intervention Services 2018/19 5,368 5,375 5,375 5,375 5,375
Learning Support - English for Speakers of Other Languages (Schooling) 2018/19 11,043 12,594 12,594 12,594 12,594
Learning Support - Te Kahu Toi Intensive Wraparound Service 2018/19 1,198 1,198 1,198 1,198 1,198
Cost Adjustment for Schools' Operational Grant 2018/19 1,495 1,495 1,495 1,495 1,495
Expanding Behavioural Services - Focusing on Children Aged 0-8 2017/18 9,823 9,380 9,380 9,380 9,380
Education Sector Logon Operational Funding 2017/18 1,400 1,400 1,400 1,400 1,400

Previous National-led Government

           
The Next Three-Year (2016/17 - 2018/19) Refugee Quota Programme 2018/19 1,135 1,222 1,309 1,496 1,496
Community Organisation Refugee Sponsorship Category 2017/18 9 - - - -
Changes to Levy Funding Allocations and Processes for Migrant Settlement Services from 2017/18 2017/18 - (2,460) (2,460) (2,460) (2,460)
Oral Language - Removing Barriers to Access 2017/18 1,152 1,152 1,152 1,152 1,152
Incredible Years for Children with High Needs 2017/18 1,090 1,090 1,090 1,090 1,090
Investing in Information and Communications Technology 2017/18 441 441 441 441 441
Learning Support - Meeting Increasing Costs 2017/18 769 769 769 769 769
Operational Grant Funding Increase for Schools 2017/18 1,174 1,174 1,174 1,174 1,174
In-class Support for Students with High Learning Needs - Increasing Access 2017/18 4,443 4,443 4,443 4,443 4,443
Reasons for Change in Appropriation

The $153.931 million increase in this appropriation for 2021/22 is mainly due to a combination of:

  • increased funding for the Free and Healthy School Lunch Programme ($140.483 million increase)
  • increased funding for access to sanitary products in schools and kura ($30.234 million increase)
  • increased demand for the ORS ($11.746 million increase)
  • decreased provision to reflect actual teacher aide hourly costs ($23.591 million decrease), and
  • provision in 2020/21 only for remediation payments for current and former school staff ($12 million decrease) and Ministry staff ($7.937 million decrease), associated with historic non-compliance of payroll systems with the Holidays Act 2003.

Oversight and Administration of the Qualifications System (M26) (A19)

Overarching Purpose Statement
The single overarching purpose of this appropriation is for the New Zealand Qualifications Authority to provide effective oversight and administration of the qualifications system.
Scope of Appropriation
Non-Departmental Output Expenses
Secondary School Assessments
This category is limited to the New Zealand Qualifications Authority delivering external assessment for national secondary school qualifications, including the National Certificate of Educational Achievement and Scholarship examinations, and moderating of internal school assessments.

Standards and Qualifications Support
This category is limited to the New Zealand Qualifications Authority managing, operating, maintaining and providing advice on the New Zealand qualifications system, and providing quality assurance services on NZQA's areas of responsibility.
Expenses, Revenue and Capital Expenditure
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000

Total Appropriation

76,893 76,893 76,256

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     
Secondary School Assessments 58,555 58,555 57,053
Standards and Qualifications Support 18,338 18,338 19,203
Components of the Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000
Secondary School Assessments 58,555 58,555 57,053
Provision of Communication and Advice 5,309 5,309 6,309
Qualifications Support Structures 6,049 6,049 6,049
Quality Assurance 6,980 6,980 6,845

Total

76,893

76,893

76,256

What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to provide effective oversight and administration of the qualifications system by the New Zealand Qualifications Authority to ensure New Zealand's qualification system is valued as credible, robust and meets the needs of learners, employers and other stakeholders.

How Performance will be Assessed for this Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

The percentage of schools on a one to two-year review cycle or undergoing a one-year targeted review that have a monitored action plan

100% 100% 100%

The percentage of non-university tertiary education organisations that have had an external evaluation and review completed (see Note 1)

20% 20% 20%

Note 1 - An external evaluation and review is completed when an external evaluation and review job is closed off, and the resulting report published on the New Zealand Qualifications Authority website.

What is Intended to be Achieved with each Category and How Performance will be Assessed
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     

Secondary School Assessments

     

This category is intended to achieve trust and confidence in robust and equitable secondary school level assessment.

     

The percentage of total marker judgements unaltered following Review or Reconsideration of External Assessment Results process for National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA)

99% 99% 99%

The percentage of validated NCEA results provided to learners no later than the end of the third full week of January

99% 99% 99%

The percentage of validated New Zealand scholarship results provided to learners no later than the end of the second full week of February

99% 99% 99%

The percentage of NCEA examinations available in a digital mode (see Note 1)

60% 60% 60%

Standards and Qualifications Support

     

This category is intended to provide New Zealand qualifications that are valued as credible, robust and meet the needs of learners, employers and other stakeholders, with supporting services to help them make informed decisions.

     
Provision of Communication and Advice
     

The proportion of survey respondents who agree/strongly agree that the information they received from the New Zealand Qualifications Authority met their needs (see Note 2)

75% 75% 75%

The overall satisfaction rating given by the Minister of Education on the New Zealand Qualifications Authority (see Note 3)

8 8 8
Qualifications Support Structures
     

The percentage of New Zealand Qualifications Authority-owned standards maintained by their planned review date

95% 95% 95%

The proportion of New Zealand qualifications (that have graduates) that undergo a consistency review in any one financial year (see Note 4)

New measure 15% 15%
Quality Assurance
     

The percentage of investigations that result in a "Significant" New Zealand Qualifications Authority intervention (see Note 5)

20%-40% 20%-40% 40% or less

The percentage of investigations that result in "Corrective Action" that satisfactorily resolves the identified non-compliance or quality issues identified (see Note 6)

40%-60% 40%-60% 60% or less

Note 1 - Availability in a digital mode means the examination has the same content as the equivalent paper-based examination.

Note 2 - Survey respondents are stakeholders including employers, education providers, students and families. Information received covers the full range of advice, data, communication and instruction that the New Zealand Qualifications Authority provides to its customers to support their relationship, business and interaction with it.

Note 3 - The survey measures Ministers' satisfaction with the quality of advice on a scale from 1 to 10, where 1 means unsatisfied and 10 means extremely satisfied.

Note 4 - Some New Zealand Qualifications Authority-listed qualifications do not yet have any graduates and can therefore not participate in Consistency Reviews.

Note 5 - A downward trend in the percentage of investigations that result in a significant intervention for compliance or quality issues is an indication that the end-to-end quality assurance activities have been effective in providing the guidance and support required by tertiary education organisations to meet the required standards of performance.

Note 6 - A downward trend in the percentage of investigations that result in a corrective action that satisfactorily resolves identified non-compliance or quality issues is an indication that interventions earlier in the quality assurance cycle have been effective in providing the guidance and support required by a tertiary education organisation to improve their performance.

Service Providers for the Multi-Category Appropriation
Provider 2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2020/21
Estimated Actual
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
Expiry of
Resourcing
Commitment

Crown Entities

       
New Zealand Qualifications Authority 76,893 76,893 76,256 Ongoing

Total

76,893

76,893

76,256

 

The service provider is the New Zealand Qualifications Authority.

End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the New Zealand Qualifications Authority in its annual report.

Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Reform of Vocational Education - Transition and Integration Phase 2022/23 - - 2,000 2,000 2,000
NCEA and Scholarship Assessment - Maintaining Pay Rates for New Zealand Qualifications Authority's Specialist Workforce 2021/22 - 5,000 5,000 - -
International Education Strategic Recovery: Enable Providers to Deliver Education Offshore and Develop Quality Assurance 2020/21 500 - - - -
NCEA Online: Transforming Assessment for Learners 2020/21 14,846 14,285 4,772 4,772 4,772
Pastoral Care of Domestic Tertiary Students - Funding for Code Administration and Disputes Resolution Scheme 2020/21 108 1,251 1,211 1,211 1,211
Reform of Vocational Education: Further Investment in the New Zealand Institute of Skills and Technology 2020/21 2,000 3,000 - - -
Funding for administering the Interim Code of Practice for the Pastoral Care of Domestic Tertiary Education 2019/20 778 - - - -
Improving the Quality of the Education System 2019/20 500 500 500 500 500
National Certificate of Educational Achievement Online: Transforming Assessment for Learners (NCEA Online) 2019/20 1,441 - - - -
NCEA Removal of Fees and Funding of Cost Pressures 2019/20 14,500 10,000 10,000 10,000 10,000

Oversight of the Education System (M26) (A19)

Overarching Purpose Statement
The single overarching purpose of this appropriation is to provide policy advice, research, monitoring and related services that enable Ministers to discharge their responsibilities for a well-functioning education system (excluding tertiary education).
Scope of Appropriation
Departmental Output Expenses
Stewardship and Oversight of the Education System
This category is limited to providing advice and services to support Ministers to discharge their portfolio responsibilities relating to education (excluding tertiary and international education), and delivery of research and data analysis, monitoring and reporting on the education system, and related administrative and oversight activities.
 
Non-Departmental Output Expenses
Education Research Initiatives
This category is limited to the purchase of research about teaching and learning in our educational institutions and independent research on education issues, policies and practices.

Independent Advice on Government Priority Areas
This category is limited to the provision, independently of the Ministry of Education, of advice (including second opinion advice and contributions to policy advice led by other agencies, advice on operational matters and expert review service advice) to support decision-making by Ministers on government priority areas.
Expenses, Revenue and Capital Expenditure
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000

Total Appropriation

69,977 69,977 74,048

Departmental Output Expenses

     
Stewardship and Oversight of the Education System 66,969 66,969 73,548

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     
Education Research Initiatives 3,008 3,008 -
Independent Advice on Government Priority Areas - - 500

Funding for Departmental Output Expenses

     

Revenue from the Crown

66,959 66,959 73,538
Stewardship and Oversight of the Education System 66,959 66,959 73,538

Revenue from Others

10 10 10
Stewardship and Oversight of the Education System 10 10 10
What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to provide high-quality and timely advice to Ministers to support decision-making, managing the Government's investment in the education sector, and monitoring and oversight of the sector.

How Performance will be Assessed for this Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

The satisfaction rating given by the Minister of Education with the overall performance of the Ministry (see Note 1)

7 7 7

Note 1 - The rating measures Ministers' satisfaction on a scale from 1 to 10, where 1 means unsatisfied and 10 means extremely satisfied.

What is Intended to be Achieved with each Category and How Performance will be Assessed
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Departmental Output Expenses

     

Stewardship and Oversight of the Education System

     

This category is intended to provide high-quality and timely advice to Ministers to support decision-making, managing the Government's investment in the education sector, and monitoring and oversight of the sector by the Ministry of Education.

     
Ministerial Services
     

Percentage of Ministerial correspondence replies, Parliamentary question replies and Ministerial Official Information Act replies completed within the timeframes agreed between the Ministry and the Office of the Minister

95% 95% 95%

Percentage of Ministerial Correspondence replies, Parliamentary question replies and Ministerial Official Information Act replies provided that are factually accurate, meet any legislative requirements, and contain no avoidable errors, as measured by acceptance rates by the Office of the Minister

95% 95% 95%

Percentage of requests made to the Ministry under the Official Information Act responded to within the legislative timeframes

New measure 98.9% 100%

Percentage of Official Information Act requests made to the Ministry released on the Ministry's website within 10 working days, where a decision has been made to publicly release the information

New measure New measure 100%

Percentage of Education Reports and Briefing notes to Ministers proactively released and published online within 30 business days of final decisions being taken by Ministers, unless there is good reason not to publish all or part of the material, or to delay the release beyond 30 business days

New measure New measure 100%
Monitoring the Education System
     

Forecasts of enrolment numbers, and expenditure for early learning and primary and secondary schooling, are accurate

Accurate within + 3% of actual values Accurate within + 3% of actual values Accurate within + 3% of actual values

The satisfaction rating given by the Minister of Education on the quality of monitoring advice provided by the Ministry about Crown agencies (see Note 1)

7 7 7
Policy Advice
     

Internal assessment of the quality of the Ministry's policy advice (see Note 2)

Mean of 3.5 out of 5 Mean of 3.6 out of 5 Mean of 4 out of 5

Satisfaction of the portfolio Minister with the policy advice service (see Note 3)

Maintain or improve Maintain or improve Maintain or improve
Research and Analysis
     

For newly-released research and/or evaluation reports on the Education Counts website, the minimum number of:

     
  • page visits per annum
7,000 15,392 7,000
  • downloads per annum
4,000 7,068 4,000

The quality and range of the Ministry's outputs is assessed through an independent expert review (see Note 4)

Quality is assessed as "Good" or better "Good" (4.9) Quality is assessed as "Good" or better

Provision and servicing of information requests:

     
  • minimum number of issues closed per year
1,600 1,611 1,600
  • median time to turnover information requests (see Note 5)
Less than 10 working days 2 working days 2 working days

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     

Independent Advice on Government Priority Areas

     

This category is intended to provide, independent of the Ministry of Education, advice to support decision-making by Ministers on government priority areas.

     

An exemption was granted under section 15D(2)(b)(iii) of the Public Finance Act 1989, as the amount of this annual appropriation for non-departmental output expense is less than $5 million

     

Note 1 - The rating measures Ministers' satisfaction on a scale from 1 to 10, where 1 means unsatisfied and 10 means extremely satisfied.

Note 2 - Based on a five-point scale: 1 = Poor; 2 = Borderline; 3 = Adequate; 4 = Good; 5 = Very good. All agencies are required to use the refreshed Policy Quality Framework to assess the quality of their policy papers.

Note 3 - The Ministerial Policy Satisfaction Survey assesses Ministers' satisfaction with the services provided by the policy function on a scale from 1 to 5, where 1 means unsatisfied and 5 means extremely satisfied. The survey contains a common set of questions to be used by all policy agencies, with guidance available on the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet Policy Project website.

Note 4 - Based of reviews of a sample of analytical and research outputs, independently assessed on a five-point scale (1 = Very poor, 2 = Poor, 3 = Acceptable, 4 = Good, 5 = Very good). The annual result would be an average of the 10 reviews.

Note 5 - "Information requests" can vary from same day provision to up to two months for some complex Official Information Act requests.

The following information is an indication of expected numbers and is provided for context only.

Output Indicator Actual 2019/20 Forecast 2020/21 Estimated Actual 2020/21 Forecast 2021/22
Number of newly-released research and/or evaluation reports on the Education Counts website 52 40 45 40
Service Providers for the Multi-Category Appropriation
Provider 2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2020/21
Estimated Actual
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
Expiry of
Resourcing
Commitment
Ministry of Education 66,969 66,969 73,548 Ongoing

Non-Government Organisations

       
New Zealand Council for Educational Research 3,008 3,008 -  
Consultants - - 500 Ongoing

Total

69,977

69,977

74,048

 
End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Ministry of Education in its annual report.

Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Crown Response to the Abuse in Care Inquiry 2021/22 - 1,000 - - -
Deliver Sustained Professional Learning and Development to Embed Tapasa 2021/22 - 221 221 221 221
Equity Index - System Infrastructure 2021/22 - 7,587 4,128 3,399 2,964
Supporting Pacific Bilingual and Immersion Education in Schooling 2021/22 - 398 88 88 88
Addressing Learners' Needs by Improving Data Quality, Availability, Timeliness and Capability 2020/21 3,705 5,731 4,021 1,006 1,006
Drawdown from: Targeted Support for At-Risk Akonga Contingency 2020/21 50 - - - -
Education Holidays Act Remediation Payments 2020/21 1,204 - - - -
Home-based ECE - Support for Educators to Become Qualified 2020/21 384 220 220 220 220
Reform of the Tomorrow's Schools System 2020/21 2,500 2,500 2,500    
Ministry of Education Payroll: Holidays Act Assessment Work 2019/20 1,200 600 - - -
Drawdown of Operating Funding for New Learning Support Coordinator Role 2019/20 380 540 - - -
Learning Support - Addressing Critical Cost and Demand Pressures for Children and Young People 2019/20 420 420 420 420 420
Teacher Supply - Continuing to Increase the Levels of Teacher Supply for the Future 2019/20 795 545 - - -
Removal of Charter Schools 2018/19 350 - - - -
Funding for the Teaching Council and to Support the Napier Student Managed Move Service 2018/19 100 50 - - -

Previous National-led Government

           
Partnership Schools | Kura Hourua Round Five 2017/18 170 170 170 170 170
Early Childhood Education - Targeted Funding for Disadvantage 2017/18 250 250 250 250 250
Removing Barriers to Children's Access to the Curriculum Through Improving Oral Language 2017/18 366 366 366 366 366
Investing in Information and Communications Technology 2017/18 87 87 87 87 87
Reasons for Change in Appropriation

The $4.071 million increase in this appropriation for 2021/22 is mainly due to a combination of:

  • a new initiative to implement the Equity Index in schools and kura ($7.587 million increase)
  • transfer of Education Research Initiatives funding from this MCA to a new non-departmental output expense appropriation Contribution to Other Education-related Organisations ($3.008 million decrease). The reorganisation of appropriations for 2021/22 is also set out in Part 1.4 - Reconciliation of Changes in Appropriation Structure, and
  • one-off funding transfers from 2019/20 to 2020/21 for Data for Wellbeing (Te Rito) programme ($596,000 decrease), Education System Sector Engagement ($526,000 decrease), Website Improvements ($526,000 decrease) and Teacher Supply ($493,000 decrease).

Primary and Secondary Education (M26) (A19)

Overarching Purpose Statement
The overarching purpose of this appropriation is to provide teachers, funding and other resourcing entitlements to schools (and other education providers) to deliver education to school students in Years 0 to 13.
Scope of Appropriation
Departmental Output Expenses
Support and Resources for Education Providers
This category is limited to expenses incurred on operational policies, regulations and services relating to the governance, management and operation of education providers (other than tertiary education providers).
 
Non-Departmental Output Expenses
Primary Education
This category is limited to providing roll-based operations funding to schools, teacher and management salaries, support costs and supplementary funding programmes to enable the delivery of education to all students for Years 0 to 8.

School Risk Management Scheme
This category is limited to the expenses incurred in purchasing reinsurance and settling claims under the school risk management scheme, in accordance with the Education and Training Act 2020.

Secondary Education
This category is limited to providing roll-based operations funding to schools, teacher and management salaries, support costs and supplementary funding programmes to enable the delivery of education, including the delivery of programmes of learning at the secondary-tertiary interface, to all students for Years 9 to 13.
Expenses, Revenue and Capital Expenditure
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000

Total Appropriation

7,098,935 7,098,935 6,930,487

Departmental Output Expenses

     
Support and Resources for Education Providers 149,177 149,177 162,940

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     
Primary Education 4,041,922 4,041,922 3,912,376
School Risk Management Scheme 5,000 5,000 5,000
Secondary Education 2,902,836 2,902,836 2,850,171

Funding for Departmental Output Expenses

     

Revenue from the Crown

148,037 148,037 161,800
Support and Resources for Education Providers 148,037 148,037 161,800

Revenue from Others

1,140 1,140 1,140
Support and Resources for Education Providers 1,140 1,140 1,140
Components of the Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
  Final Budgeted
$000
Estimated Actual
$000
Budget
$000

Support and Resources for Education Providers

     
Provision of Services 100,035 100,035 108,271
Resourcing of Providers 27,278 27,278 32,805
Regulation of Providers 11,114 11,114 11,114
At-Risk Provider Interventions 10,750 10,750 10,750

Primary Education

     
Salaries Funding 2,879,183 2,879,183 2,762,277
Operations and Other Funding 1,162,739 1,162,739 1,150,099

Secondary Education

     
Salaries Funding 1,967,351 1,967,351 1,911,368
State Schools - Trades Academies 31,660 31,660 35,076
Tertiary Education Commission 15,723 15,723 30,564
Operations and Other Funding 888,102 888,102 873,163
School Risk Management Scheme 5,000 5,000 5,000

Total

7,098,935

7,098,935

6,930,487

What is Intended to be Achieved with this Appropriation

This appropriation is intended to achieve inclusive, equitable and quality education which supports all students in Years 0 to 13.

How Performance will be Assessed for this Appropriation
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Participation in primary and secondary education: The percentage of students attending school regularly (see Note 1):

     
  • Term 1
New measure 50.5% 70%
  • Term 2
70% 64% 70%
  • Term 3
New measure 63.5% 70%
  • Term 4
New measure New measure 70%

Percentage of school leavers with NCEA Level 2 or equivalent:

     
  • all
Maintain or improve on previous year's result Maintain or improve on previous year's result Maintain or improve on previous year's result
  • Maori
Maintain or improve on previous year's result Maintain or improve on previous year's result Maintain or improve on previous year's result
  • Pacific
Maintain or improve on previous year's result Maintain or improve on previous year's result Maintain or improve on previous year's result

Satisfaction of parents with State or State-integrated (public) primary and secondary schools they have used or contacted, that a child in their care attends or may attend in the future (see Note 2)

Maintain or improve on previous year's result Maintain or improve on previous year's result Maintain or improve on previous year's result

Note 1 - Attending regularly is defined for statistical purposes as attending at least 90% of half days. This does not mean 90% is regarded as adequate for learning; it is the threshold used to benchmark attendance. This is measured through a Term 2 collection of attendance data files from schools' Student Management Systems that at least 90% of schools complete and additional information collected for Terms 1, 3 and 4. The 2020/21 Estimated Actual figures are 2020 calendar year data. The 2021/22 Budget Standards refer to the 2021 calendar year.

Note 2 - Result from the State Services Commission's annual survey of satisfaction with public services (Kiwis Count). It uses a Service Quality Score methodology to ensure the overall satisfaction score takes into account all responses, including those who indicate neither satisfaction nor dissatisfaction.

What is Intended to be Achieved with each Category and How Performance will be Assessed
  2020/21 2021/22
Assessment of Performance Final Budgeted
Standard
Estimated
Actual
Budget
Standard

Departmental Output Expenses

     

Support and Resources for Education Providers

     

This category is intended to support the effective and efficient governance, management and operation of early learning services, schools and kura.

     

All resourcing payments will be accurate and timely in respect of payment amounts, payment to the correct providers, schedules advised to public education service providers or agreements with those providers, timeframes notified to payees, and fulfilling statutory requirements:

     
  • accuracy
100% 99% 100%
  • on time
100% 98% 100%

Percentage of payroll payments to eligible teachers and school support staff which are:

     
  • accurately calculated
99.5% 99.5% 99.5%
  • sent to financial institutions on time in order to be processed on or before advised pay dates
99.5% 99.5% 99.5%

Percentage of decisions on proposed statutory interventions under Part 3, Subpart 5 'Interventions in State Schools' of the Education and Training Act 2020 that are made within three months of the confirmed Education Review Office report being published, or request from boards of trustees, or referral from the sector, or determination by the Ministry (see Note 1)

95% 95% 95%

Non-Departmental Output Expenses

     

Primary Education

     

This category is intended to achieve inclusive, equitable and quality education which supports all Year 0 to 8 students.

     

Percentage of primary schools who do not use exclusions as a disciplinary action

Baseline year Baseline year Maintain or improve

Participation in primary education - The percentage of students attending school regularly (see Note 2):

     

Term 1

New measure 46.3% 70%

Term 2

     
  • all students
70% 66.9% 70%
  • Maori students
70% 51% 70%
  • Maori students - English-medium
New measure 52.6% 70%
  • Maori students - Maori-medium (see Note 3)
New measure 48% 70%
  • Maori students - Mixed-medium
New measure 43.9% 70%
  • Pacific students
70% 51.9% 70%

Term 3

New measure 66.9% 70%

Term 4

New measure New measure 70%

Percentage of School Analysis of Variance Reports received from schools (see Note 4)

90% 90% 90%

Percentage of schools receiving additional funding for Maori language resourcing Levels 1 and 2 (see Notes 5, 6 and 7)

Maintain or improve on baseline Maintain or improve on baseline Maintain or improve on baseline

Percentage of schools receiving additional funding for Maori language resourcing Levels 3, 4a, 4b and 5 (see Notes 5, 6 and 7)

Maintain or improve on baseline Maintain or improve on baseline Maintain or improve on baseline

Percentage of children who complete Years 1 to 8 in Maori-medium education Levels 1 and 2 (see Notes 5, 7 and 8)

Maintain or improve on baseline Maintain or improve on baseline Maintain or improve on baseline

School Risk Management Scheme

     

This category is intended to provide insurance cover for participating State and State-integrated schools, by providing insurance protection.

     

The scheme financially breaks even over a reasonable period of time

Achieved over five years Achieved over five years Achieved over a rolling five years

Secondary Education

     

This category is intended to achieve inclusive, equitable and quality education which supports all Year 9 to 13 students and continuation of education to a tertiary level.

     

Participation in secondary education - The percentage of students attending school regularly (see Note 2):

     

Term 1

New measure 56.9% 70%

Term 2:

     
  • all students
New measure 59.8% 70%
  • Maori students:
New measure 41.6% 70%
  • Maori students - English-medium
New measure 42.0% 70%
  • Maori students - Maori-medium (see Note 3)
New measure 48.9% 70%
  • Maori students - Mixed-medium
New measure 37.4% 70%
  • Pacific Students
New measure 46.6% 70%

Term 3

New measure 57.9% 70%

Term 4

New measure New measure 70%

Percentage of secondary schools who do not use exclusions as a disciplinary action

Baseline year Baseline year Maintain or improve

Percentage of school leavers with NCEA Level 2 and a Vocational Pathways Award

30% 30% 30%

Percentage of school leavers progressing directly from NCEA Level 2 and 3 or equivalent to Level 4 or above tertiary study

55% 55% 55%

Percentage of schools and kura with students in Years 9 to 15 receiving additional funding for Maori language resourcing Levels 1 and 2 (see Notes 5, 6 and 7)

Maintain or improve on baseline Maintain or improve on baseline Maintain or improve on baseline

Percentage of schools and kura with students in Years 9 to 15 receiving additional funding for Maori language resourcing Levels 3, 4a and 4b (see Notes 5, 6 and 7)

Maintain or improve on baseline Maintain or improve on baseline Maintain or improve on baseline

Percentage of Maori students leaving school from Maori-medium Levels 1 and 2

Maintain or improve on baseline Maintain or improve on baseline Maintain or improve on baseline

Percentage of students in secondary-tertiary programmes who who achieve NCEA Level 2 or higher

Revised measure 79% 80%

The following information is an indication of expected numbers and is provided for context only.

Output Indicator Actual 2018/19 Actual 2019/20 Forecast 2020/21 Estimated Actual 2020/21 Forecast 2021/22

Primary Education

         
Number of Year 1 to 8 students in English-medium receiving the National Curriculum (see Note 9) 505,685 511,491 Not available 513,850 513,850
Number of students in Maori-medium settings learning in and through Te Reo Maori 16,772 17,796 Not available 18,185 18,185
Number of students in English-medium schools learning Te Reo Maori Estimate 145,069 155,347 Not available 158,302 158,302
Total number of Full-time Teacher Equivalents teaching Years 0 to 8 (see Note 10) 30,262 30,916 Not available Not available Not available
Number of schools receiving additional funding for Maori language resourcing Levels 1 and 2 (see Notes 7 and 11) 259 273 Not available 275 275
Percentage of schools receiving additional funding for Maori language resourcing Levels 3, 4a, 4b and 5 (see Notes 5, 6 and 7) Estimate 267 39.20% Not available 31.20% 31.20%
Retention rate for the primary teacher workforce (see Note 12):          
  • all regular (non-relief) teachers
New indicator 95% 90% 90% 90%
  • Maori teachers
New indicator 96% 90% Not available Not available
  • Pacific teachers
New indicator 96% 90% Not available Not available

Secondary Education

         
Number of students receiving Years 9 to 13 curriculum (see Note 13) 283,241 284,935 Not available 287,256 287,256
Total number of Full-time Teacher Equivalents teaching Years 9 to 13 (see Note 14) 23,468 23,840 Not available Not available Not available
Number of school leavers with NCEA Level 2 or equivalent:          
  • all students
49,282 48, 620 New indicator Not available Not available
  • Maori students
9,947 9,772 New indicator Not available Not available
  • Pacific students
5,576 5,634 New indicator Not available Not available
Number of Year 9 to 15 students in Maori-medium schools learning in and through Te Reo Maori (see Notes 13 and 15) Baseline year 2,764 Not available 3,078 3, 078
Number of Year 9 to 15 students in English-medium schools learning Te Reo Maori (see Note 15) Baseline year 22,126 Not available 29,746 29,746
Number of schools with students in Years 9 to 15 receiving additional funding for Maori language resourcing Levels 1 and 2 (see Notes 7 and 15) Baseline year 79 Not available 87 87
Number of schools with students in Years 9 to 15 receiving additional funding for Maori language resourcing Levels 3, 4a and 4b (see Notes 7, 15 and 16) Baseline year 317 Not available 319 319
Retention rate for the secondary teacher workforce (see Note 12):          
  • all regular (non-relief) teachers
New indicator 90% 90% 90% 90%
  • Maori teachers
New indicator 95% 90% 90% 90%
  • Pacific teachers
New indicator 95% 90% 90% 90%

Note 1 - Part 3, Subpart 5 'Interventions in State Schools' of the Education and Training Act 2020 allows the Minister of Education or the Secretary for Education (or their delegates) to use a statutory intervention in a State or State-integrated school. The Minister must have reasonable grounds for concern about the operation of the school or the welfare or educational performance of its students (s171(2)), OR reasonable grounds to believe that there is a risk to the operation of the school, or the welfare or educational performance of its students (s171(3)).

Note 2 - Attending regularly is defined for statistical purposes as attending at least 90% of half days. This does not mean 90% is regarded as adequate for learning; it is the threshold used to benchmark attendance. This is measured through a Term 2 collection of attendance data files from schools' Student Management Systems that approximately 90% of schools complete and additional information collected for Terms 1, 3 and 4. The 2020/21 Estimated Actual figures are 2020 calendar year data. The 2021/22 Budget Standards refer to the 2021 calendar year.

Note 3 - In 2020 Term 2, attendance data achieved a response rate of 90% of all state and state-integrated schools, representing 94% of enrolled students. Achieved response rates were lower for Maori-medium primary schools (65%) and for Maori-medium secondary schools (70%), therefore regular attendance figures for these schools should be interpreted with care.

Note 4 - School Analysis of Variance Reports report on a school's performance compared to agreed performance goals.

Note 5 - This measure covers State and State-integrated schools only. The 2020/21 Budget Standard and Estimated Actual refer to the 2020 calendar year. The 2021/22 Budget Standard refers to the 2021 calendar year.

Note 6 - Funding is allocated based on information on the level of Maori language learning that schools provide in their roll returns, subject to an annual auditing and verification process to confirm the appropriate level of funding.

Note 7 - There are four levels of funding based on hours the curriculum is taught in Te Reo Maori per week. There is no funding for Level 5, but this information is gathered from schools that receive funding for Levels 1 to 4. Each level is defined by the proportion of time the student is taught using Te Reo Maori:

  • Level 1: 81-100% - Curriculum is taught in Maori for between 20 and up to 25 hours a week
  • Level 2: 51-80% - Curriculum is taught in Maori for between 12.5 and up to 20 hours a week
  • Level 3: 31-50% - Curriculum is taught in Maori for between 7.5 and up to 12.5 hours a week
  • Level 4(a): 12-30% - Curriculum is taught in Maori for between three and up to 7.5 hours a week
  • Level 4(b): Students are learning te reo Maori as a separate subject for at least three hours a week
  • Level 5: Students are learning Te Reo Maori as a separate subject for less than three hours a week.

Note 8 - This is an "apparent retention rate". It measures the number of learners in Maori-medium education in Year 8 in a specific year as a percentage of the number of learners in Maori-medium education Levels in Year 1 seven years earlier. Learners in Maori-medium education are learning at Maori Language Levels 1 and 2.

Note 9 - This is calculated from the July School Roll returns.

Note 10 - This number includes English-medium and Maori-medium at full primary, contributing and intermediate schools, but excludes Partnership Schools | Kura Hourua, Te Kura Correspondence School, private schools and composite schools, or schools that pro-rata their roll. The calculation is based on a survey conducted in the first pay run of April.

Note 11 - This indicator covers State and State-integrated schools only and is based on the calendar year.

Note 12 - "Retention rate" is based on the number of teachers/principals who remain in the workforce in any type of role (ie, they did not leave the workforce entirely), as an indicator of workforce sustainability. It is calculated as the percentage of the headcount of the specified teacher group in the given year who continued in the workforce in any type of role in the following year.

Note 13 - This is calculated from the March School Roll returns using full-time equivalents.

Note 14 - This number includes English-medium and Maori-medium teachers at secondary and composite schools, but excludes Partnership Schools | Kura Hourua, Te Kura Correspondence School and private schools. The calculation is based on a survey conducted in the first pay run of April.

Note 15 - This number includes English-medium and Maori-medium at composite and secondary schools, but excludes Partnership Schools | Kura Hourua, Te Kura Correspondence School and private schools, or schools that pro-rata their roll. The calculation is based on a survey conducted in the first pay run of April.

Note 16 - This indicator covers State and State-integrated schools only and is based on the calendar year. Composite schools would also have been counted in the primary school measures as they include students from Years 1 to 15.

Service Providers for the Multi-Category Appropriation

The table below shows the main service providers for this appropriation.

Provider 2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2020/21
Estimated Actual
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
Expiry of
Resourcing
Commitment
Ministry of Education 149,177 149,177 162,940 Ongoing

Crown Entities

       
State Schools (2,053) and State-integrated Schools (334) 6,786,794 6,786,794 6,586,198 Ongoing
The Correspondence School 52,810 52,810 52,901 Ongoing
State Schools - Trades Academies 31,660 31,660 35,076 Ongoing
Institutes of Technology and Polytechnics 15,723 15,723 30,564 Ongoing

Non-Government Organisations

       
Private Schools (84) 41,352 41,352 41,352 Ongoing
National Maori Organisations and Iwi Authorities 2,214 2,214 2,218 Ongoing
Private Organisations and Trusts 4,263 4,263 4,270 Ongoing
Statutory Managers 7,296 7,296 7,309 Ongoing
Other Providers 7,646 7,646 7,659 Ongoing

Total

7,098,935

7,098,935

6,930,487

 
End of Year Performance Reporting

Performance information for this appropriation will be reported by the Ministry of Education in its annual report.

Current and Past Policy Initiatives
Policy Initiative Year of
First
Impact
2020/21
Final Budgeted
$000
2021/22
Budget
$000
2022/23
Estimated
$000
2023/24
Estimated
$000
2024/25
Estimated
$000
Completion of the Education Resourcing System for Schools and Early Learning 2021/22 - 3,515 - - -
Cost Adjustment for Schools' Operational Grant 2021/22 - 12,397 23,770 23,722 23,704
Funding for School Transport Contract 2021/22 - 2,848 3,284 3,284 3,284
Intensive Support for Young Learners with Wellbeing and Behavioural Needs that may be Challenging to Others (Savings) 2021/22 - (1,599) (1,599) (1,599) (1,599)
Moving Towards Pay Parity for Teachers in Education and Care Services 2021/22 - 4,039 2,266 1,750 1,433
Reform of the Tomorrow's Schools System 2021/22 - 12,839 5,567 6,588 6,588
Supporting Pacific Bilingual and Immersion Education in Schooling 2021/22 - 1,444 2,006 2,230 2,495
100% Qualified and Certificated Teachers 2020/21 48 - - - -
Additional Funding to Support Playcentres 2020/21 500 - - - -
Addressing Learners' Needs by Improving Data Quality, Availability, Timeliness and Capability 2020/21 7,450 9,009 15,154 6,056 6,056
Adjusting Learning Support Funding for Population Growth 2020/21 710 1,200 1,615 1,669 1,669
Continuation of Support for Casual Schooling Workforce Unable to Work Due to COVID-19 2020/21 400 - - - -
Continuing the Early Childhood Education Provider Assessment Group 2020/21 1,924 1,949 1,974 2,000 2,000
Contribution to Mana Ake Initiative 2020/21 (2,000) - - - -
Cost Adjustment for Schools' Operational Grant 2020/21 16,772 27,255 27,300 27,471 27,471
Cost Adjustment for Secondary-Tertiary Programmes (Trades Academies) 2020/21 895 1,790 1,790 1,790 1,790
COVID-19 Tertiary Education Grant Funding Transfer 2020/21 (14,000) - - - -
Design of an Early Learning Sustainability Fund to Respond to COVID-19 Impacts 2020/21 200 - - - -
Drawdown from the Educational Payroll Limited Core Services Contingency 2020/21 1,900 1,900 1,900 1,900 1,900
Drawdown from: Targeted Support for At-Risk Akonga Contingency 2020/21 2,700 - - - -
Education Holidays Act Remediation Payments 2020/21 240,750 - 3,500 2,500 1,500
Funding to Support Schools to Manage the Immediate Costs of COVID-19 2020/21 34,451 - - - -
Increased Settlement Services 2020/21 1,079 1,079 1,079 1,079 1,079
Increasing Ongoing Resourcing Scheme Teacher Aide Hours 2020/21 3,733 7,705 7,705 7,705 7,705
Increasing Trades Academy Places and Supporting Secondary Transitions 2020/21 5,569 8,931 6,724 6,724 6,724
Increasing Wellbeing and Mental Health Support to Learners and Education Workforce 2020/21 60,107 20,675 20,675 20,675 20,675
Investigating and Negotiating Pay Equity Claims 2020/21 610 9,023 8,944 6,285 4,485
Ongoing Resourcing Scheme Cost Pressure for Teacher Aide Hours 2020/21 4,413        
Providing Digital Identity Required for Online Assessment and Learning 2020/21 2,634 4,669 3,073 2,819 2,819
School High Health Needs Fund 2020/21 340 808 808 808 808
Schools Payroll Strategy and Compliance 2020/21 2,000 - - - -
Schools' Payroll Sustainability Investment 2020/21 250 14,750 - - -
Second Tranche of Implementation of the Teacher Aide Pay Equity Settlement 2020/21 - 3,809 - - -
Support for Schools Payroll 2020/21 1,560 - - - -
Targeted Support for Pacific Learners and Families Funding 2020/21 1,529 2,437 2,437 2,437 2,437
Pay Equity 2020/21 3,403 - - - -
Bargaining for Teachers' and Primary Principals' Collective Agreements - reprioritise funding from Investing in Educational Success 2019/20 (20,000) (49,500) (49,500) (49,500) (49,500)
Capital to Operating Swap for Motor Vehicles 2019/20 300 300 300 300 300
Establishing the Prime Minister's Vocational Excellence Award 2019/20 150 - - - -
Implementing a Free and Healthy School Lunch Prototype for Year 1-8 Students 2019/20 5,445 - - - -
Initiatives Responding to the 15 March Terror Attacks: Additional Funding 2019/20 517 - - - -
Ministry of Education Settlement and Implementation of the Teacher Aide Pay Equity Claim 2019/20 63,522 72,234 - - -
Raising the Profile and Strengthening the Pipeline into Vocational Education 2019/20 13,646 13,646 13,646 13,646 13,646
Recent Settlements of Teachers' and Principals' Collective Agreements 2019/20 548,164 700,243 711,572 711,572 711,572
Settlement of Non-Teaching Staff Collective of Agreements 2019/20 37,330 40,528 40,528 40,528 40,528
Additional Funding for Schools to Replace Parental Donations 2019/20 75,431 75,857 76,197 76,197 76,197
Addressing Regulated Wage Pressures in Schools 2019/20 3,511 - - - -
Cost Adjustment for Subsidies for Early Learning and Schools' Operational Grant 2019/20 27,571 27,777 27,825 27,825 27,825
Improving and Accelerating Education Outcomes for Pacific Learners 2019/20 7,003 6,803 6,803 6,803 6,803
Learning Support System Improvements - Creating a More Inclusive Education System 2019/20 640 640 640 640 640
Reprioritisation of Funding - School Property Maintenance for Vandalism 2019/20 (500) (500) (500) (500) (500)
Restarting Te Kotahitanga - Supporting Equitable Outcomes for Maori Learners 2019/20 750 750 - - -
School Property Programme to Deliver the National Education Growth Plan 2019/20 500 500 500 500 500
Teacher Supply - Continuing to Increase the Levels of Teacher Supply for the Future 2019/20 12,282 11,625 10,490 10,490 10,490
Cost Adjustment for Schools' Operational Grant 2018/19 19,817 19,778 19,778 19,778 19,778
Reprioritisation - Funding Arrangements for Private Schools 2018/19 (1,094) (1,094) (1,094) (1,094) (1,094)
Reprioritisation of Funding, Investing In Educational Success, Actual and Forecast Underspends 2018/19 (29,500) - - - -
Streamlining Secondary-Tertiary Learning Opportunities from 2019 2018/19 12,958 12,958 12,958 12,958 12,958
Streamlining Secondary-Tertiary Learning Opportunities from 2019 (see also Vote Tertiary Education in the Education and Workforce Sector) 2018/19 (5,458) (5,458) (5,458) (5,458) (5,458)
Teacher Supply Response Package 2018/19 1,700 1,150 1,150 1,150 1,150
Addressing Teacher Supply 2017/18 546 - - - -

Previous National-led Government

           
The Next Three-Year (2016/17 - 2018/19) Refugee Quota Programme 2018/19 2,875 3,657 4,439 4,439 4,439
Third New Zealand Schools Public Private Partnership 2018/19 (807) (866) (924) (983) (983)
Community Organisation Refugee Sponsorship Category 2017/18 81 81 81 81 81
Funding and Contract Improvements to the Partnership Schools Model 2017/18 950 900 850 682 682
Funding for Employment-Based Initial Teacher Education 2017/18 703 - - - -
Investing in Information and Communications Technology 2017/18 111 111 111 111 111
Operational Grant Funding Increase for Schools 2017/18 16,097 16,097 16,097 16,097 16,097
Partnership Schools | Kura Hourua Round Five 2017/18 6,320 7,626 8,850 9,903 9,903
School's Payroll Sustainability Investment 2017/18 2,800 2,800 2,800 2,800 2,800
Reasons for Change in Appropriation

The $168.448 million decrease in this appropriation for 2021/22 is mainly due to a combination of:

  • provision in 2020/21 only for remediation payments for current and former school staff ($238 million decrease) and Ministry staff ($2.750 million decrease), associated with historic non-compliance of payroll systems with the Holidays Act 2003
  • impacts of lower-than-expected national roll projections on teachers' salaries and schools' operations grants ($88.471 million decrease)
  • reduced funding for the wellbeing and mental health support to learners and the education workforce in response to COVID-19 ($39.312 million decrease)
  • settlement of Teachers' and Principals' collective agreements ($122.579 million increase)
  • funding not required in 2020/21 for Investing in Educational Success ($29.500 million increase)
  • a cost adjustment for schools' operations grants ($23.942 million increase)
  • increased funding for schools' payroll sustainability investment ($14.500 million increase), and
  • provision in 2019/20 for Secondary-Tertiary Interface to implement the Government's commitment to give tertiary education organisations funding certainty in 2020, regardless of any impact on domestic student numbers resulting from COVID-19. This brought forward six months funding that would have fallen in 2020/21 but has no impact on the funding available in 2021 ($14 million increase).