Economic and financial overview

New Zealand Economic and Financial Overview 2012

This Economic and Financial Overview provides a description of New Zealand based on information available up to the end of January 2012. Fiscal and economic forecasts are based on the material contained in the Pre-election Economic and Fiscal Update published in October 2011. After the content of the Overview was finalised, the New Zealand Treasury produced a further update of some key fiscal and economic data. This update was published in the Government's Budget Policy Statement on 16 February 2012. A full set of revised forecasts are published in the Government's Budget 2012, published in May.

The delivery of this document at any time does not imply that the information is correct as of any time subsequent to its date. This document does not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any securities of New Zealand.

Further information

Unless otherwise specified, all monetary units in this Overview are New Zealand dollars. The mid-point rate on 29 January 2012 was NZ$1 = US$0.8007.

The fiscal year of the Government of New Zealand ends on 30 June.
Spelling and punctuation conform to usage in New Zealand and have not been adjusted to conform to usage in the United States or any particular external market.

Where figures in tables have been rounded, totals listed may not equal the sum of the figures.

In tables, NA = Not Available.

Formats and related files

Table of Contents

  • New Zealand: An Overview
  • Area and Population
  • Form of Government
  • Social Framework
  • The Treaty of Waitangi
  • Foreign Relations and External Trade
  • Membership in International Economic Organisations
  • Environmental Policy
  • Selected Statistical and Financial Data
  • Economy
  • Introduction
  • Recent Economic Performance and Outlook
  • Monetary Policy
  • Fiscal Policy
  • Public Debt
  • National Accounts
  • Prices and Costs
  • Labour Markets
  • Industrial Structure and Principal Economic Sectors
  • Primary Industries
  • Manufacturing
  • Service Industries
  • External Sector
  • External Trade
  • Composition of Merchandise Exports and Imports
  • Geographic Distribution of External Trade
  • Principal Trading Partners
  • Foreign Investment Policy
  • Balance of Payments
  • Foreign-Exchange Rates and Overseas Reserves
  • Banking and Business Environment
  • Supervision of the Financial Sector
  • Business Law Environment
  • Monetary Policy
  • Interest Rates and Money and Credit Aggregates
  • Public Finance and Fiscal Policy
  • Public Finance
  • Current Fiscal Position and 2011 Budget
  • Government Enterprises
  • State-Owned Enterprises and Crown Entities
  • Partial Sale of Selected SOEs
  • Crown Entities
  • Performance of Government Enterprises
  • Public Debt
  • Debt Management Objectives
  • Debt Record
  • Summary of Direct Public Debt