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Deposit Takers Bill

Prudential regulation and supervision of deposit takers and the introduction of deposit insurance

A new framework for the prudential regulation and supervision of deposit takers and the introduction of deposit insurance is being progressed by a proposed Deposit Takers Bill. The statutory purposes in this Bill will be tied to the new financial policy objective contained in the Reserve Bank of New Zealand Bill – protecting and promoting the stability of New Zealand’s financial system.

Work on the measures to promote financial stability and protect deposits held in both bank and non-bank deposit takers was extended when consultation was effectively paused by the need to respond to COVID-19. Consultation was then extended by six months to October 2020 and the Minister of Finance announced new Deposit Taker measures on 22 April 2021.

The proposed new Deposit Takers Bill will create a single regulatory regime for all bank and non-bank deposit takers (such as building societies, credit unions and finance companies). It will also introduce a new deposit insurance scheme that will protect up to $100,000 per depositor, per institution in the event of a failure.

New Zealand is currently only one of two OECD countries that do not currently protect depositors from loss, so this new scheme will significantly strengthen New Zealand’s financial system safety net. The reforms also address a number of the recommendations of the IMF’s 2017 Financial Sector Assessment Programme.

The proposed Bill will enable the Reserve Bank to:

  • Establish the depositor protection scheme, which will apply to all institutions that take deposits;
  • Introduce a single regulatory regime for non-bank deposit takers and banks, with standards as the primary tool for setting requirements;
  • Strengthen the accountability of board directors who oversee deposit takers with penalties for non-compliance;
  • Broaden the Reserve Bank’s supervision and enforcement tools (including a new power to conduct on-site inspections);
  • Strengthen and clarify the crisis resolution framework.

It is anticipated this Bill will be introduced to Parliament towards the end of 2021, or early 2022. Measures to enact deposit insurance will be prioritised in order to have the scheme up and running in 2023.

Progress on the Bill can be followed at the New Zealand Parliament website Bills and Laws page.

The Reserve Bank will lead the drafting and implementation of the new legislative framework. Progress on implementation can be found at the Reserve Bank of New Zealand website.

Related web pages

Date Creator Title
22‑04‑2021 Reserve Bank of New Zealand; The Treasury Media statement from the Treasury and Reserve Bank
22-04-2021 Reserve Bank Act Review Visual summary of the Deposit Takers Act decisions
23-04-2021 Reserve Bank Act Review Process for setting prudential standards
23-04-2021 Reserve Bank Act Review Questions and answers: Review of the Reserve Bank Act - April 2021

Key documents featuring substantive policy decisions

DateCreatorTitle
14-04-2021 Office of the Minister of Finance
14-04-2021 Office of the Minister of Finance
14-04-2021 Office of the Minister of Finance
14-04-2021 Office of the Minister of Finance
14-04-2021 Cabinet Office
14-04-2021 Cabinet Office
14-04-2021 Cabinet Office
14-04-2021 Cabinet Office
08-04-2021 Reserve Bank of New Zealand; The Treasury
07-04-2021 The Treasury
11-03-2021 Reserve Bank of New Zealand; The Treasury
04-03-2021 Reserve Bank of New Zealand; The Treasury
11-12-2020 Reserve Bank of New Zealand; The Treasury
03-12-2020 Reserve Bank of New Zealand; The Treasury
13-03-2020 Reserve Bank of New Zealand; The Treasury
24-06-2019 Reserve Bank of New Zealand; The Treasury
24-06-2019 Reserve Bank of New Zealand; The Treasury
01-11-2018 Reserve Bank of New Zealand; The Treasury

Proactively released information, speeches, media releases, and announcements are all available at the Treasury Reserve Bank Act Review proactive releases, speeches and announcements page.

Last updated: 
Friday, 18 June 2021