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Implementation and Monitoring Responsibilities

Page updated 21 Sep 2015

The implementation and monitoring steps are two of the most overlooked, but most important, steps in the policy development process.

The Government expects that departments will:

  • not propose regulatory change without:
    • careful implementation planning, including ensuring that implementation needs inform policy, and providing for appropriate review arrangements.


RIA requires consideration of how the preferred option would be implemented if agreed to. Expected benefits of a proposal will not materialise unless careful implementation arrangements are thought through; poor implementation planning can lead to unexpected costs and perverse incentives.

RIA should cover the entire implementation and enforcement stages of the policy. RIA should describe the impact of different choices around enforcement strategy on costs and benefits – this includes consideration of how enforcement costs will be funded.

The RIA Handbook contains more information on effective implementation design: Implementation chapter.

Monitoring, evaluation and review

RIA must establish the agency’s plans for monitoring, evaluating, and reviewing the performance of a proposal over time. The RIS must answer the following questions:

  • How will the Agency determine when and whether the regulatory changes have performed well?
  • How will the Agency assess whether the preferred option continues to have a greater net-benefit than alternatives?

The RIA Handbook contains more information on effective monitoring, evaluation and review design: Monitoring, evaluation and review chapter.

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