Turning Policy into Legislation
Page updated 28 Jul 2016
Developing government-initiated legislation
Chapter 7 of the Cabinet Manual provides an overview of the main principles and procedures that apply to the development of government-initiated legislation.
The Parliamentary Counsel Office has also published a useful diagram (From Policy to Parliament) that sets out the steps and time required to turn policy into a Bill for introduction to Parliament.
Support for good legislative design
The Parliamentary Counsel Office, the Legislation Design and Advisory Committee, and the Ministry of Justice provide expert support and guidance for government agencies on different aspects of legislative design and drafting practice.
The LAC Guidelines (2014 edition) on the process and content of legislation is the key point of reference for assessing whether draft legislation conforms to accepted legal and constitutional principles.
See the Support for Good Legislative Design page for more information on the nature and availability of support offered by these resources.
Exposure drafts of legislation
The release of an exposure draft of legislation for targeted or public consultation can be a useful way to identify and resolve practical problems with the legislation before it is made or introduced to Parliament. It can be particularly helpful for complex or technical regulatory requirements, though should be part of a wider consultation process.
In the Government response to the NZ Productivity Commission report on Regulatory Institutions and Practices the Government agreed that greater use of exposure drafts would be helpful and proposes to develop and issue guidance on when it would be useful to publish and consult on an exposure draft.
Disclosure statements for government-initiated legislation
Departments are required to publish a disclosure statement for most government Bills and substantive Supplementary Order Papers at the time of their introduction. It provides factual information about the policy background, development and content of the proposed legislation. Disclosure statements are published on a dedicated website: NZ Legislation: Disclosures.
See the Departmental Disclosure Statement page for more information about the nature and purpose of disclosure statements.
See Disclosure Statements for Government Legislation: Technical Guide for templates and guidance on preparing and publishing a disclosure statement.
The legislative process
Chapter 5 of the Standing Orders of the House of Representatives sets out the main rules that apply to the legislative procedures of the House of Representatives. A Parliamentary fact sheet on the legislative process also provides a useful overview.
Access to New Zealand legislation and treaties
New Zealand legislation can be accessed online at the New Zealand Legislation website.
International treaties that New Zealand is party to, and hence binding on New Zealand under international law, can be accessed online at New Zealand Treaties Online.