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Long-run Fiscal Projections under Uncertainty: The Case of New Zealand

Publication Details

  • Long-run Fiscal Projections under Uncertainty: The Case of New Zealand (WP 15/10)
  • Published: 8 Sep 2015
  • Status: Current
  • Authors: Creedy, John; Scobie, Grant M; Ball, Chris
  • Pages: (2),v,27
  • ISBN: 978-0-478-43694-5 (Online)
  • Ref. No: WP 15/10
  • Pub. type: Working Papers
 

Long-run Fiscal Projections under Uncertainty: The Case of New Zealand

Published 8 September 2015

Authors: Christopher Ball, John Creedy and Grant Scobie

Abstract

This paper introduces uncertainty into a fiscal projection model which incorporates population ageing along with a number of feedback effects. When fiscal policy responds in order to achieve a target debt ratio, feedback effects modify the intended outcomes. The feedbacks include the effect on labour supply in response to changes in tax rates, changes in the country risk premium in response to higher public debt ratios, endogenous changes in the rate of productivity growth and savings. Stochastic projections of a range of policy responses are produced, allowing for uncertainty regarding the world interest rate, productivity growth and the growth rates of two components of per capita government expenditure. The probability of exceeding a given debt ratio in each projection year, using a particular tax or expenditure policy, can then be evaluated. Policy implications are briefly discussed.

Contents

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Executive Summary

1 Introduction

2 A Description of The Model

3 Introducing Uncertainty

4 The Benchmark Case

5 Meeting a Debt Target

6 Conclusions

Appendix A: Formal Statement of The Model

Appendix B: A Productivity Change

Bibliography

twp15-10.pdf (832 KB) pp. (2),i-v,1-27

Acknowledgements

We are grateful to Mark Holmes, Martin Fukac and Renee Philip for comments on an earlier draft of this paper.

Disclaimer

The views, opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this Working Paper are strictly those of the author(s). They do not necessarily reflect the views of the New Zealand Treasury or the New Zealand Government. The New Zealand Treasury and the New Zealand Government take no responsibility for any errors or omissions in, or for the correctness of, the information contained in these working papers. The paper is presented not as policy, but with a view to inform and stimulate wider debate.

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