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Adema, W. (2004) Oral presentation in New Zealand of the OECD “Babies and Bosses” report, Te Papa, November.

Bianchi, S. M. (2000) “Maternal employment and time with children: Dramatic change or surprising continuity?” Demography, 37(4): 401-414.

Bittman, M. (1999) “Parenthood without penalty: time use and public policy in Australia and Finland.” Feminist Economics, 5(3): 27-42.

Bittman, M. (2005) “Gendered work and its impact on labour force participation.” Paper presented at the Labour Force Participation and Economic Growth Workshop, Wellington, 14-15 April, <>.

Bond, J. T. with C. Thompson, E. Galinsky and D. Prottas (2002) “Highlights of the national study of the changing workforce: Executive summary.” Families and Work Institute No. 3, <>.

Callister, P. (1998) “The ‘meet’ market: Education and assortative mating patterns in New Zealand.” New Zealand Population Review, 24: 43-69.

Callister, P. (2002) “Aging population and social policy in New Zealand: Could ‘family-friendly’ policies increase both fertility and women’s employment?” New Zealand Population Review, 28(2): 221-251.

Callister, P. (2004) “Time use data and work/life policy development.” Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 22: 108-118.

Callister, P. (2005) “Overworked families? Changes in the paid working hours of families with young children, 1986 to 2001.”Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 24: 160-184.

Callister. P. (forthcoming) “Changes in working hours for couples, 1986 to 2001.” Journal of Industrial Relations.

Callister, P. and Singley, S. G. (2004) “A double burden or the best of both worlds? A research note on simultaneous paid work and childcare in New Zealand.” Working Paper <>.

Chapple, S. (1994) “HLFS-consistent labour market data.” Wellington, New Zealand Institute of Economic Research, Working Paper 94/16.

Chapple, S. (1999) Personal communication.

Christiansen, S. L. and Palkovitz, R. (2001) “ Why the ‘good provider’ role still matters: providing as a form of paternal involvement.”Journal of Family Issues, 22: 84-106.

Clark, H. (2005) “Moving towards a better NZ future.” NZ Herald, 1 February.

Craig, L. (2005) “How do they do it? A time-diary analysis of how working mothers find time for the kids.”Social Policy Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Discussion Paper No. 136.

EEO Trust (2003) “What do Kiwi fathers want?” <">.

Evans, M. D. R. and J. Kelley (2002) “Attitudes towards childcare in Australia.” Australian Economic Review 35 (2): 188–196.

Father and Child Society (2004) “Complaint to Human Rights Commission regarding the Parental Leave and Employment Protection (Paid Parental Leave) Amendment Act.” National Committee Father and Child Society, <>.

Freeman, R. B. and R. Schettkat (2001) “Marketization of production and the US-Europe employment gap.”>Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 63: 647-70.

Gershuny, J. (2000) Changing Times: Work and Leisure in Postindustrial Society. (New York: Oxford University Press).

Gornick, J. A. (2005) Personal communication.

Hakim, C. (2000) Work-Lifestyle Choices in the 21st Century: Preference Theory. (Oxford: Oxford University Press).

Hartmann, H. (2004)Policy alternatives for solving work-family conflict.”
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 596: 226-231.

Hochschild, A. R. (1983) The Managed Heart: The Commercialisation of Human Feeling. (Berkeley, California: University of California Press).

Ironmonger, D. (1996) “Counting outputs, capital inputs and caring labor: Estimating gross household product.” Feminist Economics, 2 (3): 37-64.

Jacobs, J.A. and J.C. Gornick (2001) “Hours of paid work in dual-earner couples: The U.S. in cross-national perspective.” Luxembourg Income Study Working Paper No. 253, <>.

Johnston, G. (2005) “Women's participation in the labour force.” Wellington, New Zealand Treasury, Working Paper 05/06

Marsiglio, W., P. Amato, R. D. Day and M. E. Lamb (2000) “Scholarship on fatherhood in the 1990s and beyond.” Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(4): 1173-1191.

Messenger, J. C. (2004) “Finding the balance: Working time and workers’ needs and preferences in industrialized countries - A summary of the report and its implications for working time policies.” Paper presented at the 9th International Symposium on Working Time Paris, 26th - 28th February.

Ministry of Health and Social Affairs (1994) Shared power & responsibility. Prepared by the Swedish Government for the Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing. (Stockholm: Ministry of Health and Social Affairs).

Ministry of Women’s Affairs (2004)“Action Plan for Women.” Wellington, MWA, <>.

Moen, P. and Y. Yu (2000) “Effective work/life strategies: Working couples, work conditions, gender and life quality.” Social Problems, 47: 291-326.

Momsen, J. H. (1999) Gender, migration and domestic service. (London and New York: Routledge).

Nyberg, A. (2000) “Paid domestic services - women’s liberation?” Paper presented at the International Association for Feminist Economics Conference, Istanbul, August.

OECD (2001) “Balancing work and family life: Helping parents into paid employment.” in OECD Employment Outlook. (Paris: OECD) pp.129-166.

OECD (2003) “Labour force participation of groups at the margin of the labour market: Past and future trends and policy challenges.” Paris, OECD, CO/CPE/WP1(2003)8/ANN1.

OECD (2004) Babies and Bosses: Reconciling Work and Family Life, Volume 3 New Zealand, Portugal and Spain. (Paris, OECD).

Parreñas, R. S. (2001) Servants of globalization: Women, migration and domestic work. (Stanford, California: Stanford University Press).

Pocock, B. (2004) “Dad or a DVD -- No contest.” <>.

Singley, S. G. and P. Callister (2004) “Polarisation of employment, 1986-2002: New Zealand in the international context.” Wellington, Ministry of Social Development, Centre for Social Research and Evaluation Working Paper 06/04.

Statistics New Zealand (2000) New Zealand Time Use Survey 1999. (Wellington, Statistics New Zealand).

Statistics Sweden (2004) “Women and men in Sweden: Facts and figures 2004.” Stockholm, Statistics Sweden, <>.

Stevens, D. (2002) “Equity or equality: A study of the time men and women spend in paid and unpaid work in New Zealand households.” Paper presented at the Time Pressure, Work-family Interface, and Parent-child Relationships International Time Use Conference, Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario, Canada, March 21-23.

Weiss, Y. (1997) “The formation and dissolution of families: Why marry? Who marries whom? And what happens upon divorce?” in M. R. Rosenzweig and O. Stark (eds.), Handbook of Population and Family Economics, Vol 1A. (Amsterdam, Elsevier) pp. 81-123.

Weston, R., M. Gra, L. Qu and D. Stanton (2004) “Long work hours and the wellbeing of fathers and their families.” Melbourne, Australian Institute of Family Studies, Research Paper No 3.

Yeung, W. J., J. F. Sandberg, P. E. Davis-Kean and S. L. Hofferth (2001) “Children's time with fathers in intact families.” Journal of Marriage and Family, 63(1):136-154.

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