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Consumption Externalities and the Role of Government: The Case of Alcohol - WP 02/25

Publication Details

  • Consumption Externalities and the Role of Government: The Case of Alcohol
  • Published: Dec 2002
  • Status: Current
  • Author: Barker, Felicity
  • JEL Classification: D11; H11; H23
  • Hard copy: Available in HTML and PDF formats only.
 

Consumption Externalities and the Role of Government: The Case of Alcohol

New Zealand Treasury Working Paper 02/25

Published: December 2002

Author: Felicity Barker

Abstract

This paper considers the role of government in the case of externalities and, in particular, in the case of alcohol externalities. The purpose of the paper is to assess whether the current level of the alcohol excise can be justified on externality grounds.

The paper assesses various mechanisms to address externalities. These mechanisms are institutional solutions, trade in rights to generate externalities, regulatory measures and Pigouvian taxes. The paper assesses these tools in the case of alcohol and concludes that institutional, trade and regulatory solutions are limited in their ability to address the externalities of alcohol. A specific tax can be justified in the case of alcohol. The externalities are large and there is sufficient information on which to base a tax. Given the information constraints the specific tax must be applied uniformly across a range of units of consumption, rather than to particular individuals. Where an optimal uniform tax is imposed it is reasonable to assume that the amount of revenue collected by the government would be at least as large as the total externality.

In 1999/00 the amount of revenue collected from the tax on alcohol was $580 million. This is near the mid-point of the estimated bound of the external tangible costs of alcohol. Thus the current rate of excise tax can be justified on externality grounds.

Table of Contents

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Abstract

Table of Contents

List of Tables

List of Figures

1 Introduction

2 Solutions to Address Externalities

3 Application to the Case of Alcohol

4 A Uniform Tax in the Case of Alcohol

Conclusion

References

twp02-25.pdf (315 KB) pp. 27

List of Tables

List of Figures

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank Tom Hall for his contribution to this work, John Creedy for his skills as editor and Rienk Asscher for his comments.

Disclaimer

The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the New Zealand Treasury. The paper is presented not as policy, but with a view to inform and stimulate wider debate.

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