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Investing in Well-being: An Analytical Framework - WP 02/23

Publication Details

  • Investing in Well-being: An Analytical Framework
  • Published: Dec 2002
  • Status: Current
  • Authors: Annesley, Barbara; Christoffel, Paul; Crawford, Ron; Jacobsen, Veronica; Mays, Nicholas
  • JEL Classification: H50; I31; J13
  • Hard copy: Available in HTML and PDF formats only.

Investing in Well-being: An Analytical Framework

New Zealand Treasury Working Paper 02/23

published: December, 2002

Authors: Veronica Jacobsen, Nicholas Mays, Ron Crawford, Barbara Annesley, Paul Christoffel, Grant Johnston and Sid Durbin


The NZ Treasury is currently engaged in a project to identify cost-effective interventions to improve outcomes for children and young adults in order to maximise the value of government expenditures across the social sector. The central aim of this paper is to provide an empirically-robust framework to compare intervention across a range of social sectors. There are two key components to the framework. The first is a life-course view of child development that emphasises that experiences and influences in childhood can affect well-being throughout life. The second component involves viewing social expenditures as investments addressed at achieving particular outcomes, typically directed at enhancing well-being. The paper presents evidence from a review of the literature on how the process and experiences of childhood have a later impact on well-being; how child development and outcomes are influenced by individual, family and communal factors and how risk and resilience can be used to indicate that an individual is at increased or decreased risk of negative outcomes. Case studies of youth suicide, teenage pregnancy, educational underachievement and youth inactivity provide evidence about what interventions work using key empirical findings from the literature.

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Table of Contents

List of Tables

List of Figures

1 Introduction

2 Poor outcomes in New Zealand: Selected case studies

3 Child development and well-being

4 Poor outcomes: Causes and contributors

5 Investing in the social sector

6 What interventions work?: Selected case studies

7 Conclusion


twp02-23.pdf (449 KB) pp. 68

List of Tables

List of Figures


We are grateful to the reviewers of the larger report on which this working paper is based: Mary Corcoran, David Fergusson, Richie Poulton and Helen Roberts.


The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the New Zealand Treasury. The paper is presented not as policy, but with a view to inform and stimulate wider debate.

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