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Saving in New Zealand - Issues and Options

References

Aghion, P., Bacchetta, P., Ranciere, R. & Rogoff, K. (2006). Exchange rate volatility and productivity growth: The role of financial development, NBER Working Paper 12117.

Archibald, J. & Hunter, L. (2001). What is the neutral real interest rate, and how can we use it? Reserve Bank New Zealand Bulletin Vol. 64 No. 3.

Attanasio, O., Banks, J. & Wakefield, M. (2004). Effectiveness of tax incentives to boost (retirement) saving: Theoretical motivation and empirical evidence, Institute for Fiscal Studies WP04/33.

Attanasio, O., Banks, J. & Wakefield, M. (2007) Encouraging Savings through Tax-Preferred Accounts, OECD Tax Policy Studies No. 15.

Basdevant, O., Björksten, N. & Karagedikli, Ö. (2004). Estimating a time varying neutral real interest rate for New Zealand, Discussion Paper DP2004/01, Reserve Bank of New Zealand.

Bassanini, A., Scarpetta, S. & Hemmings, P. (2001). Economic growth: The role of policies and institutions: Panel data evidence from OECD countries, OECD Economics Department, Working paper No. 283.

Bernhardsen, T. & Gerdrup, K. (2007). The neutral real interest rate, Norges Bank Economic Bulletin 2, pp. 52-64.

Björksten, N. & Karagedikli, Ö. (2003). Neutral real interest rates revisited, Reserve Bank New Zealand Bulletin Vol. 66 No. 3.

Bollard, A., Hodgetts, B., Briggs, P. & Smith, M. (2006). Household savings and wealth in New Zealand, background paper prepared for Alan Bollard's presentation to INFINZ, Wellington.

Bosworth, B. & Burtless, R. (1992). Effects of tax reform on labor supply, investment, and saving, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Volume 6, Number 1.

Callen, T. & Thimann, C. (1997). Empirical determinants of household saving: evidence from OECD countries, IMF Working Paper, WP/97/181.

Cameron, L., Chapple, B., Davis, N., Kousis, A. & Lewis, G. (2007). New Zealand financial markets, saving and investment, New Zealand Treasury Policy Perspectives Paper 07/01.

Capital Market Development Taskforce (2009). Capital Markets Matter: Report of the Capital Market Development Taskforce. Retrieved from http://www.med.govt.nz/templates/MultipageDocumentTOC____42335.aspx

Capital Market Development Taskforce - Government Action Plan. Retrieved from http://www.med.govt.nz/templates/MultipageDocumentTOC____42528.aspx

Colmar Brunton (2010). KiwiSaver evaluation: Survey of individuals, published by Inland Revenue. Retrieved from http://www.ird.govt.nz/aboutir/reports/research/report-ks/research-ks-evaluation-report.html

Connolly, E. (2007). The effect of the Australian superannuation guarantee on household saving behaviour, RBA Discussion Paper No 2007-08.

Connolly, E. & Kohler, M. (2004). The impact of superannuation on household saving, RBA Discussion Paper No 2004-01.

Dupuy, M. & Beard, J. (2008). Investment, productivity and the cost of capital: Understanding New Zealand's “capital shallowness” New Zealand Treasury Productivity Paper 08/03.

Feldstein, M. & Horioka, C. (1980). Domestic saving and international capital flows, The Economic Journal, Vol. 90, No. 358, pp. 314 - 329.

Gallagher, P. (1997). Assessing the national saving effects of the Government's superannuation policies - Some examples of the new RIMGROUP national saving methodology, The Fifth Colloquium of Superannuation Researchers, University of Melbourne, Conference Paper 97/3.

Gibson, J., Le, T. & Scobie, G. (2004). Saving for retirement: New evidence for New Zealand, Treasury Working Paper, WP 04/12. Retrieved from http://www.treasury.govt.nz/publications/research-policy/wp/2004/04-12

Hall, J. & Scobie, G. (2005). Capital shallowness: A problem for New Zealand, New Zealand Treasury Working Paper 05/05.

Hawke, R. (2005). Retirement income provision in New Zealand: A way forward, Institute of Policy Studies, School of Government, Victoria University, Wellington.

Iglesias-Palau, A. (2009). Pension reform in Chile revisited: What has been learned? OECD Social, Employment and Migration Working Papers No.86.

Inland Revenue (2009). KiwiSaver Evaluation Annual Report July 2008 - June 2009. Retrieved from http://www.ird.govt.nz/aboutir/reports/research/report-ks/research-ks-annual-report-2009.html

KiwiSaver Act (2006), Public Act 2006 No. 40.

Ministry of Consumer Affairs (2009). Review of the Operation of the Credit Contracts and Consumer Finance Act 2003, http://www.consumeraffairs.govt.nz/legislation-policy/policy-development/credit-review

Ministry of Education (2009). Student Loan Scheme Annual Report October 2009.

New Zealand Treasury (2009). Challenges and Choices: New Zealand's Long-Term Fiscal Statement. Retrieved from http://www.treasury.govt.nz/government/longterm/fiscalposition/2009

New Zealand Treasury (2010). Technical note on the basis of assumptions regarding the effect of the tax package on forecast and projected economic growth. Retrieved from http://www.treasury.govt.nz/budget/forecasts/befu2010/assumptions-taxpackage-may10.pdf

OECD(2007). OECD Tax Policy Studies No. 15: Encouraging Savings through Tax-Preferred Accounts.

Reserve Bank of New Zealand (May 2010). Financial Stability Report.

Reserve Bank of New Zealand (2007). Why are New Zealand interest rates so persistently high by international standards? Reserve Bank of New Zealand: Select Committee Submission.

Rocholl, J. & Niggemann, T. (2010). Pension funding and capital market development. Retrieved from SSRN http://ssrn.com/abstract=1571126

The Irish Pensions Board (2006). Special savings for retirement. Retrieved from http://www.pensionsboard.ie/en/News_Press/News_Press_Archive/Special_Savings_for_Retirement%20Report.html

Vittas, D. (2000). Pension reform and capital market development: Feasibility and impact preconditions, Policy Working Paper No. 2414, Development Research Group, World Bank.

Wicksell, K. (1907). The Influence of the Rate of Interest on Prices, Economic Journal XVII, pp. 213-220 read before the Economic Section of the British Association.

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