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4.3  High-level findings

Figure 5 presents a view of all young people in 2015, showing the way the transition to adulthood differs for young people who had more than two indicators of childhood risk from those who did not.

There are some obvious differences in the two graphs. While young people who were not considered to be at risk were highly likely to be in tertiary education at age 19 (44 percent), and in substantial employment at age 24 (57 percent), these figures are much lower for those who were considered to be at risk at age 15 (24 and 35 percent respectively). Youth who were considered to be at risk were more likely than those not considered to be at risk to be long-term NEET (35 percent compared to 13 percent), or serving a custodial sentence (2.1 percent compared to 0.2 percent) at age 24.

Figure 5: Main activities of 15 to 24-year-olds during the 2015 calendar year, by number of risk indicators at age 15
Figure 5: Main activities of 15 to 24-year-olds during the 2015 calendar year, by number of risk indicators at age 15 (fewer than 2 risk indicators, 2+ risk indicators)  .

Figure 6 shows time in employment or on benefit according to the same risk measure. Care needs to be taken with this comparison as the graphs are on different axes. Nevertheless, it is clear that those young people who were considered to be at risk at age 15 are much more likely to be on benefit and much less likely to be in employment than other young people. While those who had two or more risk indicators spent almost as much time on benefit as in employment at ages 20 to 24, other young people were around six to seven times as likely to be in employment as on benefit.

Figure 6: Proportion of time 15 to 24-year-olds spend on benefit or in employment 2015 calendar year, by number of risk indicators at age 15
Figure 5: Main activities of 15 to 24-year-olds during the 2015 calendar year, by number of risk indicators at age 15 (Fewer than 2 risk indicators, 2+ risk indicators).
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