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Appendix C: Subcategory benefit comparison

Table 10 compares HES measures of benefit receipt to MSD records of benefit receipt. To read this table, start by reading each yellow square, which show a cross-tabulation of the number of people with HES or MSD indicators of benefit receipt at any point during the year. Ideally, the counts on the off-diagonal elements of the yellow squares would be zero, which would show that HES classified most people in the same way as MSD’s records.

Table 10: Comparison of HES benefits to administrative benefits for 'old' benefits (2006/07-2012/13)
Table 10: Comparison of HES benefits to administrative benefits for 'old' benefits (2006/07-2012/13)   .

The results in Table 10 are similar to those seen in the new benefit system. Unemployment Benefit has the worst HES reporting, with 52% of MSD recipients not reporting this benefit in HES. On the other end of the scale for working-age benefits, only 25% of Invalid’s Benefit (IB) recipients fail to report this in HES. There are also a surprising number of people who either misreport the benefit type or incorrectly indicate they received a benefit during the interview window. These people are covered in detail in section 5, although it is interesting that HES DPB recipients are relatively well reported. The final benefit comparison is the difference in number of days reported by benefit type. Three examples covering the spectrum are presented. Figure 7 (UB) and Figure 9 (AS) show severe under-reporting (tilted towards the positive direction), whereas Figure 8 (DPB) shows only mild evidence of under-reporting.[27]

These figures show that, even though there is heterogeneity by subcategory, problems with HES benefit reporting are not dominated by one benefit type.

Figure 7: Unemployment Benefit
Figure 7: Unemployment Benefit   .
Figure 8: Domestic Purposes Benefit
Figure 8: Domestic Purposes Benefit   .
Figure 9: Accommodation Supplement
Figure 9: Accommodation Supplement   .



  • [27] The band width in these histograms is 14 days except for the far left and right spikes, which are the bands [-∞,-359] and [355, ∞]. The central spike in each figure is for the for the interval [-9,4].
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