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Characteristics of Children at Greater Risk of Poor Outcomes as Adults

3  Characteristics of children aged 0 to 5 years at risk of poor outcomes 

In this section we examine an extended set of characteristics for children aged 0 to 5 years that is available through the IDI. The section focuses on children aged 0 to 5 years, with corresponding results for 6 to 14 year olds in Section 4. Appendix 2 has results for all children aged 0 to 14 years.

The four key characteristics (or indicators) that were used to define the priority population are examined, including how selected characteristics vary depending on which and how many indicators are present.

Recall that children who had two or more of the following characteristics have been defined as the priority population:

  • the child has a substantiated finding of abuse or neglect or has ever been placed in the care of Child, Youth and Family[11]
  • the child has been supported by benefits more than three-quarters of the lifetime, or if aged 0 they were supported by benefit at birth
  • either parent has received a community and custodial sentence
  • mother has no formal qualifications.

Section 2 describes how these characteristics have been defined.

Various characteristics were derived from the identity, education, health, corrections, and welfare data available in the IDI. The measures reflected what could be developed in the time available, and attempted to represent a broad, but not exhaustive, range of characteristics and outcomes that impact on the lives of young people. Section 2 describes some of the characteristics (or measures) derived from the data for this study.

Note that all measures were available for all children aged 0 to 14 due to data limitations, for example participation in the Ministry of Health's Before School Check (B4SC) and participation in early childhood education were only known for children aged 4 or 5 years.


  • [11]Or if aged under 3 they have a sibling who had a substantiated finding, or if aged 0 they had a sibling who had been notified to CYF.
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