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6.4 Characteristics of at-risk groups by age (page 2)

The demographic characteristics and risk factors associated with poor outcomes change with age, as illustrated on page 2 of the A3 document. Predictors that were important at age 15 are not necessarily as important at age 20, as other potentially more predictive factors become available. Whilst indicators such as being stood down from school, having a CYF notification as a child or having been supported by a benefit for a long time as a child were predictive of poor outcomes at age 15, by age 20, indicators related to personal experience in the corrections system (through being sentenced), long-term benefit receipt or time out of employment, education or training (ie, NEET), using mental health services and a lack of qualifications to that point became most important. These latter measures are more closely aligned with the outcomes measures used and could be seen as direct early indicators of these outcomes.

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