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Overview of the New Zealand Economy

Page updated 14 Apr 2016

The Treasury publishes an annual New Zealand Economic and Financial Overview that describes the structure, performance and history of the New Zealand economy.


New Zealand has a mixed economy which operates on free market principles. It has sizeable manufacturing and service sectors complementing a highly efficient agricultural sector. Exports of goods and services account for around one third of real expenditure GDP.

Annual Overview Publication

The Treasury's New Zealand Economic and Financial Overview 2016 (published in April 2016) is an excellent resource for those wanting an understanding of how New Zealand's economy operates and performs. The Overview is updated annually.

Of particular relevance are the Overview's chapters on:

  • New Zealand: An Overview - a useful introduction to the New Zealand economy and policy relating to the macroeconomic, monetary and fiscal areas.
  • Economy - detailed information on the New Zealand economy.
  • Recent Economic Performance and Outlook - information on how the economy has performed in recent years.
  • Chapters on particular sectors eg, Manufacturing and External Trade.
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