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Pre-election Economic and Fiscal Update 2017

Specific Fiscal Risks by Portfolio


ACC Levies (Unchanged)

Indicative future levy rates for the Work, Earners' and Motor Vehicle accounts have been included in the forecasts. However, final levy decisions are made by the Government, and may differ from the forecast levy path. In addition, revenue from the levies set for these accounts may be more or less than is required to cover the cost of claims. If factors such as claims experience, ACC performance, economic assumptions (particularly discount rates and unemployment rates) turn out differently from what has been forecast, ACC's levy revenue, claims costs and liability may also differ from forecast. Any variance will have a corresponding impact on the operating balance.

Non-earners' Account (Unchanged)

The amount of funding provided by the Crown (and included in the fiscal forecasts) for the Non-earners' Account may be more or less than is required to cover the cost of claims. If factors such as claims experience, ACC performance and economic assumptions (particularly discount rates) turn out differently from what has been forecast, any such variance will have a corresponding fiscal impact.

Work-related Gradual Process Disease and Infection (Unchanged)

Under current legislation, the Government incurs an obligation for Work-related Gradual Process Disease and Infection claims when the claim is made, and an expense is recognised at this point. The liability for commercial accident and sickness insurance contracts would usually be recognised when exposure to conditions that will give rise to a claim occurs. An amendment to legislation would be required to recognise claims at the same time as for commercial contracts. An initial adjustment to the liability and an expense of about $1.0 billion to $1.5 billion would need to be reported if such an amendment were to be enacted.

Building and Construction

Housing Infrastructure Fund (Unchanged)

In June 2016, Cabinet agreed to establish a $1 billion Housing Infrastructure Fund (HIF) to which high-growth councils can apply to help finance roading and water infrastructure needed to unlock residential development. Ministers have approved in principle funding of $889 million for five councils. The successful councils are now preparing detailed business cases. Negotiations on the detailed funding arrangements are continuing and final agreements are expected in late 2017. Actual expenditure may vary from what has been included in the fiscal forecasts due to:

  • changes in the agreed upon spending levels for each project
  • the timing and size of drawdowns and of repayments of capital (both annual and final) varying from what is included in the financial forecasts
  • the value of interest foregone
  • the resultant reduction in the fair value of loans made, or
  • a different split between capital expenditure and operating expenses.


Investing in Children Transformation (Unchanged)

The new Ministry for Vulnerable Children, Oranga Tamariki was established on 1 April 2017 with a new operating model to be implemented over the next few years and an expanded focus and target group, and new obligations from associated legislation. To the extent that the costs associated with the new Ministry cannot be funded from an amount the Government has set aside in a tagged contingency or from reprioritisation, additional funding is likely to be required.


Additional Capacity to Address Prison Population (Unchanged)

The fiscal forecasts include provision for the Government's agreed investment to create additional prison capacity to accommodate prison population growth over the next 10 years. It is likely that the Department of Corrections will require additional funding relating to the direct costs of accommodating prison population increases, as they arise, which would impact on operating and capital expenditure. There is also a risk that growth in the prison population is different from what is included in the forecasts and additional funding is required.


Disposal of NZDF Assets (Unchanged)

The Government is considering the potential to dispose of a number of New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) assets. Depending on market conditions, the timing of disposal and sale price received could have either a positive or negative impact on the Government's overall financial position. NZDF is also completing an analysis of inventory that is surplus to requirements and is over and above the existing provision for obsolescence. The existing provision is also being reviewed to ensure that all items comprising the provision are still relevant.

NZDF Operating and Capital Costs (Unchanged)

In 2016, the Government reconsidered NZDF capability and funding requirements through the Defence White Paper 2016. It is expected that changes to NZDF operating and capital funding will be made over the forecast period to achieve the Defence White Paper settings. However, the precise quantum and timing of these changes will be dependent on a range of business cases that will be considered by Cabinet in the future. In particular, significant asset purchases may be sought earlier than previously planned.

Earthquake Commission

EQC (Unchanged)

EQC's independent actuary undertakes half-yearly valuations of the total earthquake liability to the Crown. This includes settled and yet-to-settle claims and reinsurance recoveries. Based on these valuations, a profile of the claims yet to settle is included in the fiscal forecasts. There still remains some risk that EQC's remaining settlement expenditure relating to the Canterbury and Kaikōura earthquakes will be different (higher or lower) than forecast.

Economic Development

New Zealand Screen Production Grant (Unchanged)

The New Zealand Screen Production Grant is a demand-driven, uncapped programme. New Zealand is attracting a much larger number of international productions. Based on the current rising trend, there is a risk that demand for the Screen Production Grant will exceed what is included in the fiscal forecasts.


School and ECE Funding Review (Changed)

The Government has made its first decisions on the Review of Education Funding Systems across schooling and Early Childhood Education (ECE), agreeing that for state and state integrated schools and ECE services and ngā kōhanga reo the decile system will be replaced by a predictive risk index to allocate funding to overcome educational disadvantage. Decisions are yet to be taken on the system-wide level of funding required to mitigate disadvantage and other components of the funding model which may also have expenditure implications.


Crown Overseas Properties (Unchanged)

The Government holds New Zealand House in London on a long-term lease from the Crown Estate (UK). Depending on the outcome of ongoing discussions with the Crown Estate, an upgrade to the building may be required. Should a decision be taken to refurbish the property, a rough-order cost estimate for this upgrade is $100 million over the forecast period.

Goodwill on Acquisition (Unchanged)

As at 30 June 2016, the Government had goodwill on acquisition of a number of sub-entities totalling $602 million. Under New Zealand accounting standards (PBE IPSAS 26), such goodwill items are required to be assessed annually for impairment. If there is any indication that the goodwill may be impaired, the recoverable amount of the cash generating units to which the goodwill is allocated is required to be estimated. If the recoverable amount is less than the carrying amount of those units, the units and the goodwill allocated to them are regarded as impaired and the Government is required to recognise impairment losses in the operating statement. Such assessments will be conducted at the end of the financial year, and the fiscal forecasts currently make no allowance for such impairment losses.

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